• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was Hitlers rise to power due to Economic Problems?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was Hitler's rise to power due to Economic Problems? On 11 November 1918 the armistice was signed. Germany's surrender meant that the Treaty of Versailles was compiled and Germany would not be allowed to take part in the peace negotiations. The terms of the treaty were immense. Reparations of �6600 million to repair damage German troops had caused, "she will make compensation for all the damage done to the civilian population of the Allied Powers and to their property during the war"1 Not only would this anger the Germans but could threaten to make every German poor. Germany would begin printing more bank notes and hyper-inflation would inevitably occur, this was only the start of an economic crisis that would leave Germany vulnerable to extremists groups such as the Nazi Party, and inevitably allow Adolf Hitler to influence the German people and for him to become one of the most powerful leaders of all time. In September 1919 Adolf Hitler Joined the National-Socialist German Workers Party. Its ideologies were explicitly anti-Semitic from the start. It believed in a 'national community' which would be 'judenfrei' (free of Jews) and that Germany should not be a society that would be divided along class and party lines. There was already an anti-Semitic feeling in Germany at the time, aided by Hitler when alleging that the Jews had been responsible for losing the First World War and therefore are indirectly to blame for the much ruinous Treaty of Versailles, and more embarrassingly for the Germans was "The War Guilt Clause". Hitler's talent as an orator encouraged more members into the party. In 1921, Hitler became the party's leader. This stepping stone was due to Hitler's charisma and characteristic ruthlessness rather then the economic crisis, however the SA (also known as Brownshirts and Stormtroopers) appealed to unemployed young men and they soon become part of the party's militia which begun violent attacks on other parties, intimidating the people to support Hitler. ...read more.

Middle

In just six weeks from the beginning of June to the middle of July, the German central bank was obliged to hand out over two billion dollars-worth of gold and foreign currency. The resulting chaos led to great social unrest and was a key factor in the rise of Adolf Hitler.7 The high unemployment rate and the economic hardship caused the radicalisation of the electorate, the two extreme parties the Communists on the left and the Nazis on the right. A parliamentary stalemate developed, and between 1930 -1933 no government could secure a parliamentary majority in the Reichstag. The lack of cooperation between the labour parties helped Hitler in gaining power, against the wishes of the majority of Germans. The parties of the left, the SPD and the KPD, were bitterly divided and unable to mount an effective opposition which gave the Nazis their opportunity to blame the crisis on the "Jewish financiers" and the Bolsheviks. Although completely not the case, the German people believed Hitler's message and they become the second-largest party in the Reichstag. Propaganda was an important factor in promoting Hitler and his ideas and ensuring his image was impeccable. The inability of the democratic parties to form a united front, the self-imposed isolation of the KPD and the continued decline of the economy all played into Hitler's hands. In 1932, Germany's political crisis deepened and Hitler chose this moment to run for president. Although he was defeated he gained a very respectable 13million votes and since Hindenburg did not campaign, Hitler had the whole of Germany listening to him.8 Germans had voted for Hitler because of his promises to revive the economy, to restore German greatness and overturn the Treaty of Versailles. However by 1933 support for the Nazis fell, possibly because the worst of the depression had passed or possibly because middle-class voters had supported Hitler previously as a protest but had drawn back from the prospect of actually putting him into power. ...read more.

Conclusion

skills, and therefore from the evidence we can say that it was particularly due to the economic crisis that aided Hitler's ambition. Among many factors, it can easily be stated that the Great Depression was the main reason, along with smaller triggers such as Hitler's own characteristics, which enabled him to gain power. The Weimar government did nothing to help the economic crisis and people began to lean towards more radical parties in the hope of an economic revival. The policies of the Nazi party attracted the German people who saw it as the only hope in a chaotic situation. The Treaty of Versailles added to the enormous debt and failing economy of Germany, the country was vulnerable and Hitler was able to plant his seed of destruction. Without the economic crisis, Germany would not have looked towards other extremist ideas that promoted violence and injustice. Yet Hitler's portrayal to the German people enabled them to look past this and see him as an ordinary soldier who had served faultlessly for his country and would become the symbol of the nation and the creator of the new Germany. Hitler's foreign and domestic policies were successful and he seemed to deliver what he promised. Propaganda and education convinced people that Nazi views were right. 1 Gibson, Robert, Nicol Jon (ed.)- Germany p12 2 Radway, Richard, DeMarco Neil (ed.) - Germany 1918-45 p19 3 Brooman, Josh - Hitler's Germany p 3 4 Gibson, Robert, Nicol Jon (ed.)- Germany p22 5 Radway, Richard, DeMarco Neil (ed.) - Germany 1918-45 p21 6 Roberts, J M-Shorter Illustrated History of the World- p501 7 Burrows, Terry (ed.) - Visual History of the Twentieth Century p121 8 Radway, Richard, DeMarco Neil (ed.) - Germany 1918-45 p22 9 www.colby.edu/personal/r/rmscheck/GermanyD6.html 10 Hitler-A Pictorial Biography p81 11 Lukacs, John - The Hitler of History p 64 12 Rosenbaum, Ron - Explaining Hitler p219 13 Lukacs, John -The Hitler Of History p153 14 www.intute.ac.uk/socialsciences/cgi-bin/browse. 15 Kershaw, Ian - Hitler 1889-1936: Hubris ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To What Extent was fear of the Gestapo and the SS the main reason ...

    4 star(s)

    struggled to gain complete control of all of them but when they did control the majority of them, there was a decline in newspaper sales. The creation of Nazi rituals was a part of the Nazi propaganda machine. These rituals included the salute, the anthem and new public holidays to

  2. To what extent can Hitler be considered to be "weak"?

    It was Hitler's leadership style along with his inability to make decisions at critical times, which lead to the undoing of Nazi Germany. What I find quite interesting is that in the early days of Hitler's reign, he found that his senior officers were unwilling to take risks and as

  1. To What Extent was the Idea of 'Lebensraum' the Main War Aim of Hitler's ...

    According to RJ Evans Hitler thought the Jews were "responsible for all of Germany's ills and that the only long term solution was their complete annihilation"7. This shows Hitler believed that in order for Germany to prosper the Jews must be destroyed, and this piece of evidence suggests that maybe

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    Religious Policies How did Hitler control the Church + Army? Hitler preferred cooperation to conflict with the church - upholding traditional values = protestant + Catholic Church prepared to cooperate w/ him. 1933 protestants agreed to unite to form a 'Reich Church' electing a Nazi as their 'Reich Bishop' Members of Reich Church (German Christians)

  1. What were the causes of the German hyperinflation of 1923 and what were its ...

    insurance policies and this therefore meant that they lost practically everything that they had invested as the value of the mark drastically fell. Effectively the middle class, who in reality had been the deciding factor in the formation of the Weimar Republic, had not only lost everything but more importantly lost faith in the Republic.

  2. To what extent did the Nazi regime overturn the Weimar education system?

    was set up as the sole union of all teachers. If any teacher did not join this then they would be fired and possibly banned from teaching again.

  1. To what extent did the increase in the persecution of witches in Europe from ...

    number of women prosecuted represented such a small proportion of the number of women in Europe, and there is little to no evidence to support the view that they were simply targeted because they were women, contradicting the view that the witch craze constituted a persecution of women.

  2. The Holocaust was the result of Hitlers long held grand design to pursue a ...

    The image depicts the burning of the talmond following a public debate between a Christian priest and a leader of the Jewish community. The debate was meant to "prove" the correctness of the Christian faith. At the conclusion of the debate, Jews were killed or subjected to mass conversion, or Jewish books such as the Talmud were burned.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work