• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was involvement of USA in Korean War Different from its involvement in the Vietnam War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was involvement of USA in Korean War Different from its involvement in the Vietnam War? In the 40�s onwards USA got interested in Asian affairs. Taking into account the fact that they were not defending themselves or any other American ally, they had to further extend territorial boundaries to fall on political-ideological frontiers. Indeed, they were defending its territory from enemies in a new scale: the fear against the developing communism over the world. In these lines, Korea and Vietnam portrayed two international hotspots now focused on Asia, as the stage within the fight of the two global powers: USA and the Soviet Union. Anyways, were the circumstances by which USA faced communism in both countries different? First of all, the background in South-East Asia determined in great scale American intervention in the area, since either country were occupied by other foreign powers: while Korea was under Japanese domination, Vietnam still remained part of the French empire (later becoming member of the French Union). The first case of Korea was already been the stage of the war between democracy and communism. USA was quite anxious since the conflict that had already happened in Germany and the one that was going on in Turkey and Greece, both cases falling under soviet beliefs. ...read more.

Middle

Now McArthur was afraid of Chinese power and thought that the best strategy to defeat communism in the area was only possible with atomic bombs. With this new horizon within the fight, president Truman feared a large-scale war that would provoke a nuclear war, which USA did not want. It pointed out the American limitations that would enclose them within the fight: they feared communism because the nuclear power that could destroy them, but the only force capable to defeat it was their nuclear power, something that, however, they could not use since it would drag them into a fatal war. Thus, now, the only American possibility focused to settle in East Asia to contain communism there: in January 1951 UN troops expelled the North Koreans troops from South Korea and fortified the frontier, until in July 1953, both countries firmed a peace agreement that stated the limit at the 38th parallel. After American impossibility for annexation of territories in East Asia, the new step had to be focused in the South, due to the independence of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia from the French Union (Geneva Agreement, 1954). Then, Vietnam was temporarily divided into two countries, and analogously as Korea, the frontier was established at another parallel, in this case the 17th one. ...read more.

Conclusion

For China, American troops recovered Manchuria, they would give back China mainland to them. Communist China was not willing to accept that, and USA knew that she was capable of fighting bravely to an extent that USA did not want to test, since the split of the Sino-Soviet agreement left China in an uncertain situation from the international point of view: "We do not want the fighting in Korea to expand into a general war". Therefore, American government did not risk indeed and the only price was to lose North Korea. Nevertheless, in Vietnam they could use a more violent system as they communist China was already established and did not fear USA any more. Moreover, the conflict was seen under UN eyes: "solely for the purpose of restoring the Republic to its status prior to the invasion". For international support, it was a fight towards the human rights, since North Korea under communism did not want to hold elections. However, UN never supported the war in Vietnam and the international view of the war and American methods to be victorious pressed the government to reach the end of the conflict. Therefore, differences between the both wars was mainly due to internal factors of each country, but especially the foreign intervention that encouraged or restrained American actions to act in one way or another. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Free essay

    The Korean War represented total defeat for the Truman Doctrine? H. Brogan. How far ...

    It is true that after the three years that war was fought in, from 1950 to 1953, that the South was free of the Communist coercion, but Syngman Rhee was a dictator, himself. Although he was supported by the American's for making the South a Democratic Republic, this did not

  2. How did the USA escalate their involvement in Vietnam?

    He did not wage war on North Vietnam, whom had turned Communist during his presidency, nor did he send ground troops to Vietnam, except for military advisors. He inherited a presidency which I think he controlled very wisely. The main reason for American involvement in Vietnam was due to the

  1. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    They also saw pictures of young children with napalm wounds, innocent people getting hurt or wounded, and families crying, as their homes were burnt; these images made more and more Americans question the war. The My Lai massacre also contributed to people's hatred, when a patrol entered the Vietnamese village

  2. The Sino-Soviet Split

    grew substantially over this issue, but on the whole he achieved what he had set out to achieve and went home a relatively happy man. Tensions did not subside, however, and conflict flared up again as Stalin insensitively proposed that a series of Soviet funded joint ventures be initiated in Northern China.

  1. America's involvement in World War Two

    Even if Roosevelt had wanted to do more in this European crisis (which he did not), there was a factor too often ignored by critics of American policy-American military weakness. When asked to evaluate how many troops were available if and when the United States would get involved, the army

  2. North Korea and South Korea after the Korean war.

    After 15 years with help from the Red Cross once again families were united once more in 1985. This also resumed talks about trade and economic issues.9 These steps towards unification take a step back after the North suspended all talks with the ROC in 1986, arguing that "the annual

  1. America's involvement in WWII

    "American soldiers were more at home with the horse than with the tank" (Overy 273). The air force was just as bad if not worse. In September 1939 the Air Corps had only 800 combat aircrafts again compared with Germany's 3600 and Russia's 10,000 .

  2. Korean propaganda during the Second World War and the Korean War had a different ...

    facing at the particular time: a big increase in population, and an inadequate supply of raw resources such as minerals, agricultural land, and forestry. During these illegal invasions and occupations, Japan readily chose to utilize the strength of their army.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work