• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was Lenin's leadership the main reason for Bolshevik success in 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was Lenin's leadership the main reason for Bolshevik success in 1917? Lenin's leadership is a huge, and probably the main, contributing factor to the success of the Bolsheviks. His strong and decisive bid for power, in the name of the Bolsheviks, set the party on the right track for a revolution - without him the remaining Bolsheviks would have been very unlikely to make a bid for power, due to the absence of a leader and a motivator; therefore, would have probably adopted a Menshevik position of support for the Provisional Government. The aforementioned probable path of the Bolsheviks if there was the absence of Lenin is clearly illustrated by Kamenev - the leader of the three-man committee which controlled and commanded the Bolshevik political activity in Petrograd in 1917 - and his adoption of a policy of support for the Provisional Government, and even his inclination in merging with the Mensheviks, views of which Stalin fully agreed with. With nobody opposing these views, the Bolshevik party will have dissolved and just become a part of the Provisional Government or the Mensheviks. ...read more.

Middle

Within the April theses Lenin expressed views of the land. The early 20th century saw the Russian peasants hunger for land. This is due to two main causes - one of which is the measly 1/3 of Russian arable land sold to peasants after the abolishment of serfdom (1861), and the second being the huge rural population increase from 70 million (1861) to 130 million (1917). With so little land, coupled with so many occupants, the usefulness of the land began to dim. The Bolsheviks came as a saviour to the peasant's problem with the "All land to the peasantry" policy - put forward by Lenin in the April Theses - which greatly appealed to peasants and involved forceful land seizures by the peasants, upon the wealthy in 1917. This course of action is of course opposed to the Provisional Government, which was against illegal seizures. Lenin's intelligence in appealing to the peasantry - which made up the largest proportion of the population - simultaneously downsizing the power, aims and nature of the Provisional Government allowed the Bolshevik's to gain the advantage over their opponents. ...read more.

Conclusion

in which the Bolsheviks gained 24% of the votes, with the SRs in front with 53%. These results clearly shows that the Bolsheviks were gaining favour and coupled with the SR, would have been undefeatable. Although Lenin's leadership of the Bolshevik's into their victory is most probably the main reason for their success, one must consider the weaknesses and failures of the Provisional Government, which in turn allowed the Bolsheviks, and Lenin, to gain support. In contradiction with Lenin and the Bolsheviks, the Provisional Government decided to continue the war; leading to more inflation at home, which severely disrupts the economy and created widespread opposition at home - moreover, with Kerensky's blunders such as his offensive against Germany, it is no wonder that the Provisional Government began to lose contact and favour with the citizens of the nation. These severe negative impacts on the Government were not helped by the fact that they failed to call the Constituent Assembly early enough - therefore, the Bolsheviks who honed a more hands on approach were favoured much more by the peasants and the citizens as opposed to the weak, indecisive and incompetent actions of the Provisional Government. ?? ?? ?? ?? Lenin's Leadership - Bolshevik Success 2007 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    Firstly the war and all of its major problems brought about the collapse of Tsarism. If the Bolsheviks were trying to gain support and ultimately force a revolution during the Tsarist regime they would have been severely punished. Political freedom was not allowed.

  2. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    prepared to adjust his plans according to changing circumstances and to take advantage of enemy errors or weakness. * Napoleon could improvise brilliantly in the heat of the battle and frequently did so, abandoning his original plan without hesitation. He was, however, always unwilling to take others into his confidence.

  1. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    It was clear that they would have to work hard to sustain power and each of the mentioned factors can be linked together to show how the Bolsheviks ably survived the Civil War. An obvious reason for the Bolshevik victory would be their control of a supreme fighting force, this they certainly had.

  2. How important was Lenin in bringing about the Bolshevik revolution of November 1917?

    These gains made the Bolshevik revolution even more likely. The Provincial Government had further faults. Their government was based on middle class values and allowed free speech and free press. Kerensky's ministers didn't stop support gathering for Socialist parties, plotting to overthrow it and revolutionaries were free to criticise the government.

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    he sought to appeal to the specific demands of each of these three groups. Like the best party leaders in any multi-party system, Lenin was building a coalition of interest groups. These groups would provide his basis of support when the Bolsheviks made their grab for power in October.

  2. 'Stalin's leadership was the most significant reason for Soviet victory over Germany in the ...

    Hitler told Paulus, a German general, not to break out and to stay no matter what. It wasn?t thought out well, Hitler just sent the order. Due to this error, 91,000 men were captured and the whole of the army group was lost.

  1. Lenins leadership was the main reason for the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in ...

    Lenin promised ?peace, bread and land?, exploiting the mistakes of the Provisional Government and gaining the support of those most dissatisfied with their rule. Lenin also declared ?all power to the soviets?; he knew that the industrial workers, who wanted a constitutional assembly, had driven the February Revolution, and without

  2. To what extent was Lenin the key to the Bolshevik success of 1917? ...

    These slogans?facing Russia?s current issues of chronic food shortages, the irrelevant and damaging continuance of the war n Germany, and the issue of land distribution in the rural areas?seemed to create a solution to everyone?s issues quite neatly. The provisional government had slowed solutions to these very prominent issues and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work