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To what extent was Lenin's leadership the main reason for Bolshevik success in 1917?

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Introduction

To what extent was Lenin's leadership the main reason for Bolshevik success in 1917? Lenin's leadership is a huge, and probably the main, contributing factor to the success of the Bolsheviks. His strong and decisive bid for power, in the name of the Bolsheviks, set the party on the right track for a revolution - without him the remaining Bolsheviks would have been very unlikely to make a bid for power, due to the absence of a leader and a motivator; therefore, would have probably adopted a Menshevik position of support for the Provisional Government. The aforementioned probable path of the Bolsheviks if there was the absence of Lenin is clearly illustrated by Kamenev - the leader of the three-man committee which controlled and commanded the Bolshevik political activity in Petrograd in 1917 - and his adoption of a policy of support for the Provisional Government, and even his inclination in merging with the Mensheviks, views of which Stalin fully agreed with. With nobody opposing these views, the Bolshevik party will have dissolved and just become a part of the Provisional Government or the Mensheviks. ...read more.

Middle

Within the April theses Lenin expressed views of the land. The early 20th century saw the Russian peasants hunger for land. This is due to two main causes - one of which is the measly 1/3 of Russian arable land sold to peasants after the abolishment of serfdom (1861), and the second being the huge rural population increase from 70 million (1861) to 130 million (1917). With so little land, coupled with so many occupants, the usefulness of the land began to dim. The Bolsheviks came as a saviour to the peasant's problem with the "All land to the peasantry" policy - put forward by Lenin in the April Theses - which greatly appealed to peasants and involved forceful land seizures by the peasants, upon the wealthy in 1917. This course of action is of course opposed to the Provisional Government, which was against illegal seizures. Lenin's intelligence in appealing to the peasantry - which made up the largest proportion of the population - simultaneously downsizing the power, aims and nature of the Provisional Government allowed the Bolshevik's to gain the advantage over their opponents. ...read more.

Conclusion

in which the Bolsheviks gained 24% of the votes, with the SRs in front with 53%. These results clearly shows that the Bolsheviks were gaining favour and coupled with the SR, would have been undefeatable. Although Lenin's leadership of the Bolshevik's into their victory is most probably the main reason for their success, one must consider the weaknesses and failures of the Provisional Government, which in turn allowed the Bolsheviks, and Lenin, to gain support. In contradiction with Lenin and the Bolsheviks, the Provisional Government decided to continue the war; leading to more inflation at home, which severely disrupts the economy and created widespread opposition at home - moreover, with Kerensky's blunders such as his offensive against Germany, it is no wonder that the Provisional Government began to lose contact and favour with the citizens of the nation. These severe negative impacts on the Government were not helped by the fact that they failed to call the Constituent Assembly early enough - therefore, the Bolsheviks who honed a more hands on approach were favoured much more by the peasants and the citizens as opposed to the weak, indecisive and incompetent actions of the Provisional Government. ?? ?? ?? ?? Lenin's Leadership - Bolshevik Success 2007 1 ...read more.

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