• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was opposition from politicians responsible for the failures of the civil rights campaigns between 1945 -1955?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐To what extent was opposition from politicians responsible for the failures of the civil rights campaigns between 1945 -1955? Between 1945 and 1955 politicians failed to help the civil rights campaigns giving African Americans equal rights. For instances while some politicians claimed to support the civil rights movement, they failed to actually implement any direct action towards making equal rights possible. Furthermore Southern politicians who were very pro segregation slowed down the process of civil rights campaigns being turned into law by congress. However Politicians weren?t always responsible for the failures of civil rights campaigns such as in Morgan V Virginia. While this case led to the banning of segregation on interstate busses, the de jure change didn?t always lead to a de facto change; therefore this type of segregation was still carried out in practise. There were a few political factors responsible for the prevention of civil rights campaigns. The most obvious was the opposition from the south towards Truman?s attempts to give African Americans equal rights to white citizens. Southern democrats disliked Truman?s policies such as the formation of the NECP in 1941, therefore they decided to set up their own Dixiecrat party and pick their own democrat candidate Strom Thurman to go against Truman in the 1948 election. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore the problem of few pickets was made worse by the closing down of NAACPs offices in the south. This caused more failures for the civil rights campaign?s as the NAACP who had organised the New Orleans protest were now unable to organize any protests at all. The most ineffective method of protest was that of COREs journey of reconciliation. White citizens sat in black areas and vice versa showed that the decision of 1946 Morgan V Virginia banning segregation on interstate busses was not being carried out. While the protest highlighted that while African Americans had de jure rights they didn?t enjoy them in practise. However on the other hand this could be responsible for the failures of civil rights campaigns as like NAACPs protests it failed to force southern states to actually make desegregation on interstate busses a de facto change. Legal factors were also an important cause for the failures of the civil rights campaigns. While African Americans had progressed with the help of the NAACP these only amounted to de jure victories. Plessey V Ferguson had been overturned by the supreme court saying that separate but equal was against the constitution, yet it was still being practised throughout America, especially in the racist south. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is because despite not being able to prevent African Americans from gaining civil rights they did manage to limit it greatly. In the Brown case, despite the supreme court deeming segregation in schools against the constitution, southern politicians such as Governor Faubus still refused to implement desegregation, only then giving black citizens rights when the federal army was called in. Furthermore southern politicians in congress made sure policies advancing civil rights didn?t get through, and therefore the ones that were put in place didn?t go far enough to deal with the inequality throughout America. However Legal factors such as de jure victories not being made into de facto changes also severely hindered the civil rights campaign. This is because although African Americans were finally been granted the same rights as white people by the Supreme Court, they were still unable to enjoy them. The racist south, where discrimination was widespread found ways such as the grandfather clause and literacy tests keep black people as second class citizens as opposed to equals. This when paired with racist groups such as the KKK kept African Americans down through terror making black citizens less likely to campaign for their rights as seen in the lack of protests during 1945 ? 1955. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    On a more positive note, however, the Supreme Court once again came to the forefront of federal government action to aid African Americans to gain their civil rights. The Browder v. Gayle case, which came about because of the Montgomery Bus Boycotts, as led by Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King.

  2. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil ...

    4 star(s)

    Many members of the party, whilst advocating violence to improve their situation were also involved in unrelated crime, many of which involved clashes with police officers. The legacy of the Black Panther Party is undeniable with the New Black Panther Party still active, although preaching different messages of greater racism, homophobia and strong anti-Semitic feelings.

  1. Peer reviewed

    Essay on civil rights

    3 star(s)

    Thus resulting in many Black individuals remaining illiterate. Moreover, the strict control over the infrastructure made opportunities for them that much more harder for joining groups such as Trade Unions was bared, knowing the great influence they could cause if they were given any power.

  2. The question that will be investigated is, to what extent was the case of ...

    Despite the massive movement, by 1965, "only 2 percent of black schoolchildren attended integrated schools."5 Nixon used a Southern Strategy in 1960s to gain votes from whites who did not want to go to integrated schools, showing the vast amounts of separatists who wished to stay segregated.6 Brown v Board

  1. How far was Martin Luther King's leadership responsible for the gains made by the ...

    This is evident as King fails to gain the support from President Johnson who refuses to involve the federal government in the campaign. This is not surprising following King?s attack on the Vietnam War highlighting the misjudgment of the situation he found himself in.

  2. Why was progress towards racial equality so slow in the period 1945 - 1955?

    His actions therefore resulted in very little action and the action that was carried out proved to have very limited success and therefore contributed to the slow progress towards racial equality. President Eisenhower (1953-61) contributed to the progress of racial equality during this period even less.

  1. Describe Wilsons Fourteen points, Why did Congress fail to ratify the Peace Settlement?

    A poll from April 1937 claimed that 67% of Americans saw the First World War as a mistake. The peace treaty was considered unfair, and was not thought worth fighting for. There was all the more reason to be opposed to the treaty after the weak responses of the League

  2. To What Extent Were The Activities Of the White Racist Groups, the Most Important ...

    Blacks in these areas became trapped in a life of poverty and drugs, preventing them from education with nobody to articulate their problems. Overall the State Governments played a very key role in the continued discrimination towards African Americans during this time, any Federal Government laws or amendments created to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work