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To what extent was opposition from politicians responsible for the failures of the civil rights campaigns between 1945 -1955?

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Introduction

´╗┐To what extent was opposition from politicians responsible for the failures of the civil rights campaigns between 1945 -1955? Between 1945 and 1955 politicians failed to help the civil rights campaigns giving African Americans equal rights. For instances while some politicians claimed to support the civil rights movement, they failed to actually implement any direct action towards making equal rights possible. Furthermore Southern politicians who were very pro segregation slowed down the process of civil rights campaigns being turned into law by congress. However Politicians weren?t always responsible for the failures of civil rights campaigns such as in Morgan V Virginia. While this case led to the banning of segregation on interstate busses, the de jure change didn?t always lead to a de facto change; therefore this type of segregation was still carried out in practise. There were a few political factors responsible for the prevention of civil rights campaigns. The most obvious was the opposition from the south towards Truman?s attempts to give African Americans equal rights to white citizens. Southern democrats disliked Truman?s policies such as the formation of the NECP in 1941, therefore they decided to set up their own Dixiecrat party and pick their own democrat candidate Strom Thurman to go against Truman in the 1948 election. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore the problem of few pickets was made worse by the closing down of NAACPs offices in the south. This caused more failures for the civil rights campaign?s as the NAACP who had organised the New Orleans protest were now unable to organize any protests at all. The most ineffective method of protest was that of COREs journey of reconciliation. White citizens sat in black areas and vice versa showed that the decision of 1946 Morgan V Virginia banning segregation on interstate busses was not being carried out. While the protest highlighted that while African Americans had de jure rights they didn?t enjoy them in practise. However on the other hand this could be responsible for the failures of civil rights campaigns as like NAACPs protests it failed to force southern states to actually make desegregation on interstate busses a de facto change. Legal factors were also an important cause for the failures of the civil rights campaigns. While African Americans had progressed with the help of the NAACP these only amounted to de jure victories. Plessey V Ferguson had been overturned by the supreme court saying that separate but equal was against the constitution, yet it was still being practised throughout America, especially in the racist south. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is because despite not being able to prevent African Americans from gaining civil rights they did manage to limit it greatly. In the Brown case, despite the supreme court deeming segregation in schools against the constitution, southern politicians such as Governor Faubus still refused to implement desegregation, only then giving black citizens rights when the federal army was called in. Furthermore southern politicians in congress made sure policies advancing civil rights didn?t get through, and therefore the ones that were put in place didn?t go far enough to deal with the inequality throughout America. However Legal factors such as de jure victories not being made into de facto changes also severely hindered the civil rights campaign. This is because although African Americans were finally been granted the same rights as white people by the Supreme Court, they were still unable to enjoy them. The racist south, where discrimination was widespread found ways such as the grandfather clause and literacy tests keep black people as second class citizens as opposed to equals. This when paired with racist groups such as the KKK kept African Americans down through terror making black citizens less likely to campaign for their rights as seen in the lack of protests during 1945 ? 1955. ...read more.

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