• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was opposition from politicians responsible for the failures of the civil rights campaigns between 1945 -1955?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐To what extent was opposition from politicians responsible for the failures of the civil rights campaigns between 1945 -1955? Between 1945 and 1955 politicians failed to help the civil rights campaigns giving African Americans equal rights. For instances while some politicians claimed to support the civil rights movement, they failed to actually implement any direct action towards making equal rights possible. Furthermore Southern politicians who were very pro segregation slowed down the process of civil rights campaigns being turned into law by congress. However Politicians weren?t always responsible for the failures of civil rights campaigns such as in Morgan V Virginia. While this case led to the banning of segregation on interstate busses, the de jure change didn?t always lead to a de facto change; therefore this type of segregation was still carried out in practise. There were a few political factors responsible for the prevention of civil rights campaigns. The most obvious was the opposition from the south towards Truman?s attempts to give African Americans equal rights to white citizens. Southern democrats disliked Truman?s policies such as the formation of the NECP in 1941, therefore they decided to set up their own Dixiecrat party and pick their own democrat candidate Strom Thurman to go against Truman in the 1948 election. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore the problem of few pickets was made worse by the closing down of NAACPs offices in the south. This caused more failures for the civil rights campaign?s as the NAACP who had organised the New Orleans protest were now unable to organize any protests at all. The most ineffective method of protest was that of COREs journey of reconciliation. White citizens sat in black areas and vice versa showed that the decision of 1946 Morgan V Virginia banning segregation on interstate busses was not being carried out. While the protest highlighted that while African Americans had de jure rights they didn?t enjoy them in practise. However on the other hand this could be responsible for the failures of civil rights campaigns as like NAACPs protests it failed to force southern states to actually make desegregation on interstate busses a de facto change. Legal factors were also an important cause for the failures of the civil rights campaigns. While African Americans had progressed with the help of the NAACP these only amounted to de jure victories. Plessey V Ferguson had been overturned by the supreme court saying that separate but equal was against the constitution, yet it was still being practised throughout America, especially in the racist south. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is because despite not being able to prevent African Americans from gaining civil rights they did manage to limit it greatly. In the Brown case, despite the supreme court deeming segregation in schools against the constitution, southern politicians such as Governor Faubus still refused to implement desegregation, only then giving black citizens rights when the federal army was called in. Furthermore southern politicians in congress made sure policies advancing civil rights didn?t get through, and therefore the ones that were put in place didn?t go far enough to deal with the inequality throughout America. However Legal factors such as de jure victories not being made into de facto changes also severely hindered the civil rights campaign. This is because although African Americans were finally been granted the same rights as white people by the Supreme Court, they were still unable to enjoy them. The racist south, where discrimination was widespread found ways such as the grandfather clause and literacy tests keep black people as second class citizens as opposed to equals. This when paired with racist groups such as the KKK kept African Americans down through terror making black citizens less likely to campaign for their rights as seen in the lack of protests during 1945 ? 1955. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    On a more positive note, however, the Supreme Court once again came to the forefront of federal government action to aid African Americans to gain their civil rights. The Browder v. Gayle case, which came about because of the Montgomery Bus Boycotts, as led by Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King.

  2. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil ...

    4 star(s)

    black arts movement, and most famously, the black power salute in the 1968 Olympics by Tommie Smith and John Carlos. With this media attention, the BPM was able to spread and activists still working towards greater African American rights today can see the BPM as a main reason why the

  1. Peer reviewed

    Essay on civil rights

    3 star(s)

    Thus resulting in many Black individuals remaining illiterate. Moreover, the strict control over the infrastructure made opportunities for them that much more harder for joining groups such as Trade Unions was bared, knowing the great influence they could cause if they were given any power.

  2. To what extent was the separate but equal decision of the Supreme Court the ...

    It has however been argued that some Black businessmen in Northern cities did well out of segregation and it gave them a captive market, suggesting that these laws were not an obstacle facing all black Americans. Therefore it is evident that the Jim Crow laws showed that segregation was entering

  1. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    If people criticised him for this he simply made an accusation against them. He said they were Un-American, or that they were themselves secret communists. These tactics frightened people into silence, as no one wanted to make an enemy of McCarthy and find themselves on one of his lists.

  2. Comparison of Presidents Harry Truman, Dwight Eisenhower and Lyndon Johnson

    Truman was unable to pass any bills regarding equality and desegregation, but he did create the Committee of Civil Rights and a ten-point civil rights message to congress. Congress did not follow through with any of the suggestions he made immediately, but he did take the first major step towards raising the issue of civil liberties within the executive government.

  1. How far was Martin Luther King's leadership responsible for the gains made by the ...

    The Supreme Court also showed considerable leadership on civil rights issues. Eisenhower?s decision in 1953 to appoint Earl Warren as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court was extremely important as he was more sympathetic to civil rights issues and used his authority to persuade other members of the Supreme Court that segregation in education could no longer be tolerated.

  2. How far was peaceful protest responsible for the successes of the civil rights movement ...

    The media coverage of Birmingham was significant as it portrayed how police were using violent tactics against campaigners, such as dogs and water cannons. This media footage was used widely as propaganda for the Soviet Union, where they devoted one fifth of their airtime into displaying the pictures of Birmingham.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work