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To what extent was religion the biggest factor affecting the power of the monarchy from 1485

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To what extent was religion the biggest factor affecting the power of the monarchy from 1485-1547? In order to assess the impact of religion on the power of the crown in this period, it is important to take into account other factors, that may have had an effect on the power of both monarchs, such as financial or foreign policy amongst others, and compare their impact. The impact of religion, and particularly the reformation, has been the subject of much debate by historians; some-the traditionalists- believe that this was a major turning point in the Tudor reign, whereas others-the revisionists-refute these claims, maintaining that its relevance is over-stated and relies too much on hindsight. It is widely acknowledged that religion had very little or no impact on events during the reign of Henry VII, as he did not change it, therefore the real purpose of this essay is to consider if the religious changes made under Henry VIII were significant enough to be synonymous with the entire Tudor reign. ...read more.


In assessing the impact of this on the entire Tudor reign, one would have to conclude that it was a major factor contributing to Tudor survival. In addition to dealing with the nobility, the other major factor determining the strength of Henry VII's position, was his financial policy. Henry realised that with no independent source of income, he would be at the mercy of parliament, and would not have the means to defend himself against internal or foreign threats. Furthermore, his meagre upbringing had made him very greedy and he placed much store in the value of money. He brought fiscal policy under his own personal control, handling every penny that when in or out of the coffers. Henry expanded the crown lands, by taking money from nobles, and exploiting his feudal rights. There were many other measures taken by Henry, with great success. For example, he increased ward revenue to �6000 from �350. Whilst it is in no doubt that Henry's fiscal policy increased his own power, and and consolidated his position, it did not really affect the Tudor reign as a whole, as his successor spent it all very quickly. ...read more.


Unlike his father, Henry preferred to delegate power and did not take much interest in day to day affairs. Many historians maintain that Cromwell really ran the country, and it is true that he was responsible for increasing the power of parliament during the reformation. This became known as his Revolution in Government. However, Henry did have objectives, and it could be argued that it was his servants jobs to achieve them. Henry endeavoured to regain territory in France and become known as a great warrior king. His foreign policy meant that he had to rely heavily on parliament for money, as he was not the shrewd financier his father was. His conquests were expensive and largely unsuccessful, weakening the power of the crown. Henry's financial problems were solved, when the monasteries were dissolved as part of the Reformation, giving Henry a huge cash injection. This shows how religion impacted upon the other factors affecting the power of the crown, and suggests that it was possibly the most important. Many historians maintain, that because the Reformation came about mostly through Acts of Parliament, the power of the monarchy diminished, as the power of parliament increased. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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