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To What Extent was the Defeat of Nazi Germany in the Second World War as a Result of Allied Bombing Campaigns?

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Introduction

´╗┐To What Extent was the defeat of Germany in the Second World War due to the impact of the allied bombing campaigns? The German defeat in 1945 came down to a number of factors, the allied bombing campaigns did have disastrous effects on the civilian population, but it was Hitler?s underestimation of his opposition which ultimately caused his downfall. The allied bombing campaigns over Germany targeted many civilian buildings but far from crushing morale, much like the British response to the Blitz, most people (under the hypnosis of Goebells propaganda) were even more motivated to wage ?Total war? Despite this 80% of the German Luftwaffe had to be used to defend German skies, rather than supporting the troops. Meaning the allies had a very good position of which to be offensive. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler when he made himself Commander in chief of the Armed Forces made several mistakes and miscalculations, the biggest of which were declaring war on America. Due to the fact that America?s economy was so good, not only good they fight an effective war, they could also send large amounts of aid to their allies. Secondly he gave orders to his strong army of 250,000 men in Stalingrad to fight to the last man, despite being encircled by heavy infantry and artillery. This resulted in the death of 100,000 and the brutal capture of another 150,000 men. These mistakes meant that the ally armies were easily able to exploit the faulted ideology of Hitler and cause the death of more German men. Despite this Hitler?s view of Russia was the cause of this mistake and one of the reasons that Hitler made such risky and detrimental moves was that he felt that his ?Aryan? army could not lose. ...read more.

Conclusion

This effective enemy fighting however was part of the reason Hitler?s underestimation of the allies was so detrimental, it was because they were able to use their own quick explosive force against them. Whilst Hitler had the view that they would keep as far back as possible. Overall, Hitler underestimating the allies meant that the German army were not correctly prepared in more than one way. This meant that, despite the other factors that gave the allies a considerable advantage. Hitler did not see it as a problem and so sent his armies with the ideology that they were invincible which is why he gave so many men died and lost so spectacularly. The allied bombing raids did damage many buildings and cut factory production but, only gave a small advantage to the allied troops as Hitler was still had armies that could fight effectively despite the fact that they were held back by the ego of their Fuhrer. ...read more.

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