• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was the NAACP responsible for the successes of the Civil Rights Campaign in the years 1945

Extracts from this document...


To what extent was the NAACP responsible for the successes of the Civil Rights Campaign in the years 1945-57? The National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) was an organisation that challenged segregation and demanded equality of rights for all black citizens. Founded in 1909 by civil rights campaigners and headed by W.E.B Dubois, the NAACP challenged segregation on three main fronts; court cases, pressurising politicians and a series of non violent protests and boycotts. The significance of the organisation increased dramatically after the Second World War when its membership sharply rose, a period now described as the 'Golden Years of the NAACP'. The NAACP was the paragon of organisations tackling segregation through the American legal system. They used the 14th and 15th constitutional amendments in an attempt to protect the rights of individuals in their favour; the amendments collectively state that citizenship rights and voting rights were to be guaranteed to all who were born in the USA, regardless of their race. ...read more.


Additionally the NAACP used non-violent direct action as a successful means of tackling segregation. An example of this is the Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955 - 56) in which the black people of Montgomery boycotted the local buses, following Rosa Parks' arrest, to show the importance of black customers by financially crippling the bus companies. This, along with the Browder v. Gayle (1956) case, outlawed segregation on local buses, thereby demonstrating the power of uniting direct action with a legal campaign. Strong leadership in the form of local NAACP leader E.D Nixon and Martin Luther King was shown within events such as this, which provoked great media attention and conveyed the injustice of segregation to a national and international audience. The NAACP and its supporters used the media in this way as an opportunity to put pressure on the government for change. ...read more.


In conclusion, having considered the inputs and achievements concerning the civil rights movement between the years 1945 - 1957, I believe that the NAACP was responsible for the successes of the civil rights movement to a large extent. It was the organisation that first opened the door for opportunities to successfully challenge segregation using the legal system and even managed to overturn previous unsuccessful cases, such as the Plessy v. Ferguson case of 1896. It served as an inspiration for other organisations, such as CORE and the later Southern Christian Leader Conference (SCLC), to protest segregation using new ways of non-violent, direct action. Furthermore the organisation itself, along with similar ones, had not yet perfected its methods by this point but would greatly contribute in seeing the new dawn of the civil rights movement beginning in the late 1950s. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sam Beardmore ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil ...

    4 star(s)

    For Stokely Carmichael, Black Power meant "political power, economic power, and a new self image for Negroes."39 For some it even meant a working class revolution. For some, though not all supporters, a number that was surprisingly few, it meant aiming to combat the political and social institutions that threatened

  2. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    an incredibly important decision, as it reduced the likelihood of resentment about African American workers being hired preferentially - had feelings of resentment come to light, this might have stirred deeper racist feeling, and a return to the hostility of the early 20th century.

  1. Linguistic Study - Linguistic Analysis of Martin Luther King's 'I Have a Dream', and ...

    He tells them 'somehow this situation can and will be changed'. This is very definite language, using verbs such as 'can' and 'will'. This again reassures the audience, as they trust and respect him. Change of Tone 'I Have a Dream...'

  2. How far was Martin Luther King's leadership responsible for the gains made by the ...

    His support, however, was demonstrated through the passing of two acts, including the civil rights bill of 1964 and the voting rights act of 1965. These acts were highly significant as segregation was finally thought to be over and all black citizens could vote ending disenfranchisement.

  1. How Successful Was Martin Luther Kings Campaign For Civil Rights Between 1955-68?

    King, who had vowed to remain in jail until demands were met, left when City authorities made various promises. But these were deceiving. For example, the city of Albany promised to desegregate bus and rail terminals as if in response to the protests, even though legislation already required this.

  2. How far was peaceful protest responsible for the successes of the civil rights movement ...

    Again demonstrating that peaceful protest had the power to force intervention to ensure success. It is clear that without these campaigns, Eisenhower may not have paid attention to the views of those wanting racial equality. However it wasn?t just Eisenhower that was swayed by peaceful protest, Kennedy also remained to

  1. What was the short term impact of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1957?

    even though, the white people are being told of the injustice that occurs, not much is being done to stop it, emphasising how the Bus Boycott had maybe made more damage than to resolve any problems as it increased the backlash from the white people and especially the KKK.

  2. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    President Eisenhower sends federal troops and the National Guard to intervene on behalf of the students, who become known as the "Little Rock Nine." 1. Who? STUDENTS (eg ? Melba Pattillo ? inspired by bus boycott & Thurgood Marshall) 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work