• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was the NAACP responsible for the successes of the Civil Rights Movement?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐To what extent was the NAACP responsible for the successes of the CRM The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was an organization that challenged segregation and demanded equality for the rights of all black citizens. It was founded in 1909 by the civil rights campaigners. The NAACP challenged three different fronts of segregation; court cases, pressurizing politicians and a series of non-violent protests and boycotts. The NAACP was the paragon of organizations, which tackled segregation through the American legal system. They used the 14th and 15th Amendments in an attempt to protect the civil rights of individuals in their favor and the amendments collectively state that citizenship rights and voting rights were to be guaranteed to all who were born in the USA regardless of their race. ...read more.


Virginia (1946) and Smith v Allwright (1944). The Morgan v. Virginia case was successful for the NAACP; after being taken to the Supreme Court it won the battle to make segregation on interstate buses illegal. Similarly fought for by Marshall in the Supreme Court, the Smith v Allwright case outlawed all-white democratic primary elections throughout America. Cases such as these were significant because they demonstrated that organizations such as the NAACP were able to achieve successful steps to ending segregation through non-violent action. Another case, which struck triumph for the NAACP, was the Brown v Board of Education, this case ruled that separate but equal was constitutional and segregation was inherently unequal. ...read more.


Additionally the NAACP used non-violent direct action as a successful means of tackling segregation. An example of this is the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-56 in which the black people of Montgomery boycotted the local buses, following Rosa Parks' arrest, to show the importance of black customers by financially crippling the bus companies. This, along with the Browder v. Gayle case, outlawed segregation on local buses, thereby demonstrating the power of uniting direct action with a legal campaign. The NAACP was a huge success for the Civil Rights Movement and without it there would not have been the same great achievements and without it there might never of been the changes that were made. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil ...

    4 star(s)

    cause of working themselves out of poverty and to improve the black condition. As a northerner who had experienced the troubles of the ghetto and come out as a better man, he was able to be more of a role model for young people than the educated southerner, King.

  2. The question that will be investigated is, to what extent was the case of ...

    Reviewed studies that revealed black girls grew up in schools with low racial self-esteem. 3 Although the Court was unanimous in claiming that Congress did not mean for integration, but did not prohibit it, this led to future conflict between integrationists and separatists.4 Effects: Brown v Board of Education drastically affect society, though not as much as was expected.

  1. Rosa Parks and her significance to the Civil Rights movement.

    When she was arrested it caused an outcry from the black religious community including Martin Luther King. In her autobiography she wrote "PEOPLE ALWAYS SAY THAT I DIDN'T GIVE UP MY SEAT BECAUSE I WAS TIRED. BUT THAT ISN'T TRUE.

  2. How far was Martin Luther King's leadership responsible for the gains made by the ...

    Firstly, the case indicated that it was possible to overturn the ruling of Plessy v. Ferguson. Secondly, this combination led to the establishment of the SCLC which would soon become an important player in the civil rights movement. This shows that without the legal work of the NAACP being put

  1. To what extent was the NAACP responsible for the success of the civil rights ...

    Meaning any direct action would most likely have caused them to be labeled communists, as they were going against the government legislation. Eventually, after being taken to the Supreme Court it was ruled that all schools for black and white students should be ?separate but equal?.

  2. Research on the major Civil rights events between 1963 to 1968

    It also marked the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation by Abraham Lincoln. In the political sense, the march was organized by a coalition of organizations and their leaders including: Randolph who was chosen as the titular head of the march (A.

  1. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    2. President Eisenhower did not believe it was the presidents job to enforce change 3. Southern States ? attitudes v.slow to change ? used local judges, local government, local police to resist change and intimidate black Americans. Major obstacle to change = attitudes.

  2. How far was peaceful protest responsible for the successes of the civil rights movement ...

    schools in both areas of the US were segregated and the black schools were inferior, with usually about 5 times more money being spent on the white schools. It wasn?t until 1954 that the inequality of the school system was brought in a highly publicised law case to the Supreme Court (BROWN v BOARD OF EDUCATION).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work