• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent were Mussolinis economic policies a success in the years 1925-1940?

Extracts from this document...


To what extent were Mussolini's economic policies a success in the years 1925-1940? Mussolini's economic policies during the years 1925 - 1940 have largely been seen as unsuccessful and ineffective, with many of his policies failing to claim sufficient results. For example, the battle for lira and land failed, living standards had evidently declined, autarky hadn't been established and the prominent North and South divide had not been resolved, but had become effectively worse over time. However, there were small victories amongst some policies, which could be perceived as success, such as the use of propaganda, which satisfied the Elite and businessmen. The battle for grain had been won also. Mussolini appeased landowners, the elite and businessman by lowering taxes for them, which consequently saved them money and kept them satisfied. He also formed a corporate state, which removed the original relationship of industry and state, replacing it with a different format. Each corporation consisted of employers' and workers' representatives. The government also sent its representatives to participate in the administration of the corporations. All the corporations were put under the supervision of a National Council of Corporations, of which Mussolini was the Chairman. These Corporations provided accident, unemployment and health insurance for workers. ...read more.


The Battle for Land was, again, more style than substance. Propaganda enlarged the realities of the amount of land reclaimed, a mere 80,000 hectares compared to the claim of 1,600,000 hectares. It was successful in improving public health and had a great impact on jobs which was not to be underestimated given the depression. However, farming was not particularly boosted, the beneficiaries largely the large landowners and the North rather than the needier South. This therefore increased tension between the North and South, as it satisfied the North through the growth of township, but again ignored an already poverty stricken South, resulting in resentment and a deeper divide. Therefore, Autarky was achieved to an extent of grain, but due to Italy's lack of natural resources and dependency on imports it could never have been fully established and therefore it was a failure. However, there were some benefits, mostly however, for farmers and large landowners. Mussolini also formed private economic policies aimed solely to strengthen his image outside of Italy. He wanted to have himself portrayed as a strong leader to heighten prestige and make Italy seem strong, autarky therefore worked as a method to do so. As autarky was to be the basis of preparing Italy for war, because it failed it meant Italy was unprepared for the prospect of war and therefore was not able to become recognised as a great world power. ...read more.


However, the decline of living conditions was more evident in the South as economic policy completely neglected them and was generally very unsympathetic to their situation. As the new economic policies failed to improve North-South relations, and infact caused greater decline, the policies were great failures in this respect. Mussolini's economic policies were successful in respect to gaining potential support from the elite, businessmen and industrialists through his appeasement. They were also successful in the use of propaganda by emphasising minimal successes and hiding failures from the public, resulting in patriotism in some groups, mainly not the classes however. But truly propaganda merely concealed the true economic failures of Mussolini between the years 1925 - 1940. He managed to create self sufficiency of grain production, however true autarky couldn't be established because of Italy's limited resources and therefore the failure of Autarky consequently meant that Italy was not ready for war, and therefore could not pursue itself as a dominant world power, and neither was Mussolini going to be perceived as a great leader internationally. The corporate state created support from important groups in society; however it created worse working conditions for workers. The economic policies did not create a stable economy, which therefore caused a decline in living conditions and generally reflected Italy's poor state, and therefore the economic policies did not prove to be successful. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policy.

    5 star(s)

    Many did join the youth groups, but as De Grazia and Tannenbaum say, the young Italians either join for material benefit, a desire not to be excluded, or the fact that they simply liked dressing up in a uniform; not many joined out of obedience and commitment to the Fascist state.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Was it the policies pursued by Henry VIII that caused "the mid-Tudor crisis"?

    4 star(s)

    However, in 1549, he contributed to the crisis by introducing the 1549 Prayer Book, and the First Act of Uniformity. This was felt by some (devout Catholics) to be too extreme, (although in reality the interpretation of the Eucharist was ambiguous)

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    * As a result, Napoleon decided that if France was to have peace, he would have to impose it, but to do this he would have to defeat one of the allies first. Therefore he embarked on a second Italian campaign aimed against Austria, and forced her to accept humiliating

  2. History - Mussolini's Rise to Power

    However, despite these weak traits, the liberal government was still capable of vanquishing Fascist squads by means of the police and military. According to Mack Smith 'the government could easily have crushed the disorderly Fascist squads in the same way as in December 1920 they had already put paid to D'Annunzio's rebellion at Fiume' (6).

  1. "How far do the sources suggest consistent aims in Mussolini's foreign policy 1922-1939?"

    The economic cost was enormous, militarily the victory led to complacency from the army, diplomatically Italy was left isolated in a hostile world and according to Carocci, "the British, Italy's traditional ally, never forgave Mussolini." After this conquest Mussolini became over ambitious and gave the army and economy little time

  2. To what extent were Mussolini's economic policies a success in the years 1925-1940?

    The government gave grants to farmers for machinery and fertilisers and due to this grain production did increase from 5.5 million tonnes per year (1925) to 7 million in 1935, imports were also reduced by 75%. This was clearly a success on Mussolini's part as he appeared to have achieved

  1. Stalins economic policies were successful, to what extent do you agree?

    The targets for the second FYP were more realistic than the First, and its achievements were more modest. The government announced again that the targets had been met a year early and in fact been overfilled by 3%, the output of steel for example trebled, largely due to production from the new plants such as Magnitogorsk.

  2. To what extent was the Fascist control in Italy during the years 1925 - ...

    Finally, two organisations were created to further incorporate Fascist ideologies into the Italian people. The ?Opera Nazionale Balilla? or ONB designed for Children and the ?Opera Nazionale Dopolavoro? or OND for adults were Italian Fascist leisure and recreational organizations. The ONB, established by the ministry of Education under the slogan

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work