• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

''Too few politicians were willing to oppose Mussolini.'' How far do you agree that this was the main reason for Mussolini's consolidation of power 1922-1928?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

January 15 2005 Anna Carlisle ''Too few politicians were willing to oppose Mussolini.'' How far do you agree that this was the main reason for Mussolini's consolidation of power 1922-1928? From 1922 to 1928, Mussolini managed to successfully maintain Fascist power because of a combination of different factors. Lack of political opposition was certainly an advantage during this time but it may have not been the main reason why Mussolini was able to sustain control. Other aspects, such as Mussolini's exploitation of the socialist threat, propaganda and perhaps most importantly, the party's relationship with the Catholic Church were probably more significant contributors to the period of Fascism. Despite this, the fact that there was little political resistance at this time certainly made it easier for Mussolini to gain and keep Facsist power. The lack of oppostion from the King and other prominent politicans such as Giollitti allowed him to pass acts such as the Aceobo law 1924 and eventually the right to issue decrees in early 1926. ...read more.

Middle

Evidently, the lack of opposition was an imprtant reason why the fascists were able to gain control as it meant it was easier to enforce his policies but Mussolini himself played a vital role in consolidating his own power- without his influencal nature and ability at expoliting Italy's frail system of government, he wouldn't have been able to persuade politicians that he alone could solve Italy's problems. The economic circumstance at the time also contributed to Mussolini retaining his power. He was lucky in the sense that industry was booming when he came to power which he took credit for. Eg: 1922-1925 exports in cars and textiles doubled. In contrast to the Liberal governments, Mussolini seemed, for a short time, to be making a difference. Mussolini further emphasised his role as a powerful leader with his heavy propaganda campaign which was also an principal reason why Mussolini was able to consolidate power at this time. 'The Myth of the Duce' presented him as an omnipotent and omniscient leader- eg: the words 'Mussolini is always right' appeared in every classroom and his 'ppolo d'Italia' further exaggerated the socialist threat. ...read more.

Conclusion

Both parties benefited form the pact: Catholism was made the official religion of state and Priests empahaised the good points of the facsits regeime in sermons. With the support of the Populari', Mussolini was ablw to pass the Acebo Law' in 1924 to ensure the fascists could be almost guaranteed to remain in power. While relations with the church were successful, Mussolini remained firmly in power. It was true that too few politicians were prepared to oppose Mussolini but this was only because of his ability to exploit politican's fears in order to keep opposition under control. The reason why they were unwilling to dispute him was because of Mussolinis support from the catholic church, which gave him a political and moral advantage. Although other key interest groups were important in helping Mussolini gain power, it was the Church which held a significant role in society that promoted and sustained Fascist views. It was only after the relationship with the church began to cool in 1931 after the fascist attack on Catholic youth groups and introduced a policy of anti-semnitism that Fascist rule began to decline. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Why did Mussolini come to Power in 1922? How did Mussolini consolidate his position ...

    4 star(s)

    The movement was also able to grow due to the support from the rural and industrial elite. These groups also appreciated the weakness of the liberal government and the threat of socialism and so gave money to support the fascist movement - this further persuaded the group to move more to the right of the political spectrum.

  2. History - Mussolini's Rise to Power

    Mack Smith comments on this in relation to the 1921 election, 'the atmosphere of officially permitted intimidation influenced the results significantly'. Despite this, the election's mass campaign of violence only resulted in 35 Fascists being elected, along with many PSI members, a feeble number when taking into account the intensity of the violence orchestrated.

  1. Mussolini(TM)s rise to power up to 1922 owes more to the failures of others ...

    Mussolini did not seize power nor did he need to use force, he gained power merely by threatening to use violence. I do not believe that at this stage Mussolini was unbeatable and had the leading figures stood up to him I believe that Mussolini may never have come to power.

  2. Free essay

    The consolidation of power

    Once the Nazi Party had taken power, or rather gained control of the Reichstag, Hitler made moves to gain control of the institutions that ran Germany on a day to Day basis. This was achieved in a number of ways.

  1. Fascist education and youth policies played a major role in helping Mussolini secure his ...

    It aimed to provide leisure activities with a fascist flavour and at the same reducing worker irritation with the fascist ban on trade union-sponsored clubs. By the 1930s, the activities of the Dopolavoro covered soccer, theatres, bands and libraries. Membership swelled from 300,000 in 1926 to nearly four million in 1939.

  2. Benito Mussolini.

    full employment, rearming and a strong Lira, as for agriculture, so to be able to provide Italy with a good food supply. But nevertheless Mussolini's dream of autarky remained just a dream. He never achieved that Italy became self-sufficient in industry and agriculture.

  1. Why was Mussolini able to consolidate power between 1922 and 1929?

    In June the opposition senators walked out of the senate. The anti-fascist press increased in popularity and a new anti-fascist party was formed, the Italia Libra. The scandal was at its worst for Mussolini during the winter of 1924-25 when a paper published evidence that showed he was connected to the crime.

  2. How far do you agree that propaganda and compromise were more important than force ...

    Mussolini also addressed the Italian people and took responsibility for the fascist part but not directly for the death of Matteotti. In the Matteotti crisis then, Mussolini shows use of both force and propaganda, however importance is quite clearly placed on force more than propaganda as the propaganda was mainly

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work