• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Until 1939 Mussolini's achievements out weighed his failures. How valid is this judgment on fascist domestic policies in the years 1924-1939.

Extracts from this document...


Until 1939 Mussolini's achievements out weighed his failures. How valid is this judgment on fascist domestic policies in the years 1924-1939 From the year1924 to 1939 Mussolini when from Italy's greatest leader who was strong and determined to a leader who was unsure and dived about and was under the influences of Nazi Germany. The cause of this is divided between Mussolini's failure to listen to his people and make decisions that were in the best interests of Italy and decisions made with the influences of Nazi Germany and Hitler. Up until 1936 Mussolini had achieved many success for fascism but were not always in the best interests of Italy its self. Mussolini's biggest success was in creating a strong fascist youth which was loyal to fascist ideas and beliefs, the idea was to ensure that fascism would be firmly installed within Italy for generations to come, this was achieved by making all schools fascist with fascist teachers and Mussolini to be seen as a god like figure, this did resemble a Roman method. ...read more.


The Lateran agreement was a treaty that gave the Vatican City their independences, financial compensation and religious studies with in schools to be made compulsorily. The reason why the Lateran agreement was such a success was because at the time the relations between the church and the fascist state were very sourer and Mussolini finally accepted the church with in the fascist state. The church later regretted the agreement because of Mussolini's foreign policies and the relations that he had with Hitler. The significances the Lateran agreement in the end gave Mussolini the maneuverability to expand his empire and to not have to worry about domestic problems. The OND (Opera Nazionale Dopolavoro) was Mussolini's answer to getting his people more involved in fascism and the idea was to provide the Italian people with free leisure and entertainment, this was controlled by a government agency which was set up in 1925. The fascist party organized the entertainment and by 1939 there were 4 million members, which was not as successful as the ONB but was also not compulsorily where the ONB was. ...read more.


Mussolini also decided to change the youth body to "the Italian youth of the Lictors" (GIL) this was to ensure the increased military and physical training for the youth, the idea was to turn the youth organizations in factories producing loyal fascist solders who saw Mussolini as their god. Mussolini's policy on anti-Semitism in 1939, which he had introduced because of Hitler, caused many catholic and the church to go against Mussolini and with the majority of Italians catholic this was a very bad move for Mussolini. Anti-Semitism had never been featured with the fascist regime before and caused many Italians especially the youth and students to have growing cynicism of the regime. Before 1936 when the Italian government had not differed into unpopular forign policies, adventures and commitments the Italian people had tolerated Mussolini and the decisions that he took but after 1936 when Mussolini started to interfear with dometic policies and unessaseliry change policies it started to inoy the Italian people and the church which caused the down fall of Mussolini's popularity amoung the church and the party. 07/05/07 History 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policy.

    5 star(s)

    For Mussolini the control over education was seen as essential, and he wanted to teach all young people the fascist principles of manliness, patriotism and obedience. He also attempted to glorify himself, the Duce, to create a very pro-fascist generation that would be completely disciplined to the state, something that he really desired.

  2. Assess the view that the failures of the Congress of Vienna outweighed the successes.

    Harold Nicolson comments that 'the settlement arrived at a preserved Europe free from conflagration for all but a century.'30 Paul W Schroeder also endorses the century of peace view, by calculating that the ratio of battlefield deaths to the population of Europe was seven times greater over the eighteenth century

  1. Lenin and his Achievements.

    He was humble because he was aware of his setbacks and tried to fix them. But on the other hand he was not humble because he always wanted to be seen as powerful as the grate leader, strong and fearless.

  2. Critically evaluate the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policies in Italy between 1922 ...

    Other field of domestic policies where Mussolini tried to invent several reforms was the social policies. As being a dictator of course he had to deny the opposition and ban other parties. Also his propaganda was quite successful but only until Mussolini started to cooperate with Hitler.

  1. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    Supplementary payments were to be made by individual states, Bismarck found this distasteful and hoped the new tariffs would give the federal government a valuable extra source of income ensuring financial independence from both the states and the Reichstag. Bismarck also realised that there were political advantages in abandoning free trade.

  2. Critically evaluate the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policies in Italy between 1922 ...

    However, there was a large side-effect to the whole scheme. Much of the land had now been turned over to produce grain - land that was very fit for this crop. The climate in Italy was more suited to grow other crops such as citrus fruits, olives, or wine grapes.

  1. Why Was Mussolini So Popular Between 1925 & 1936?

    Mussolini's aim was for a Fascist education system that would ensure 'the whole school...must educate youth to understand Fascism.' Due to the age and vulnerability of it's audience, the Fascist changes to the education system must surely have strongly influenced the young minds subjected to the censored, propaganda-laden, militaristic-style teachings of the regime.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Rapid increase in urbanisation. 7. Shortage of labour (as opposed to unemployment under the NEP). Many new workers were inexperienced peasants and there were too few specialists such as engineers. Problem was partly solved by recruiting skilled workers from abroad.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work