• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Use of the Atomic Bomb during the War Against Japan

Extracts from this document...


The Facts The Americans used the Atomic bomb so that they could get the war over with as quickly as possible, well that was one of the reasons. Another reason was that the Americans dropped the a-bomb primarily to impress the Soviet Union. Another one is that the cost of the A-bomb drove the Americans to using it, and the people that made the bomb just wanted a chance to see what it did. Some people believe that America didn't think of the consequences of the bomb exploding, and they think that afterwards the Americans regretted dropping it. The atomic bomb itself was an extremely powerful explosive weapon, which was fuelled by the fission of the nuclei of a specific isotope, which could have been an isotope of uranium or plutonium. Nowadays there are two types of Atomic bombs there are the fission bombs, which were used, in the 2nd world war and there are fusion bombs, which are sometimes called Hydrogen or Thermonuclear bombs. The fusion bombs are much more powerful than the fission bombs but you would expect that because they are a l0t more up to date. These newer bombs have never been used in war but were tested in the 1950's. ...read more.


The area of devastation was much smaller than Hiroshima; it was only 1.8 square kilometres. Casualties were lower as well between 35,000 and 40,000 were killed and nearly the same injured At Nagasaki a different type bomb was used, it was called 'The fat man' and it was 3.2 metres long and 1.5 metres in diameter, it weighed 4,500 kilograms. The amount of damage was greater than Hiroshima, even though the area of damage was smaller. The people of Nagasaki mostly all had radiation disease, in fact 95%. These pieces of information are the casualty's statistics; flash burns 20-30%; radiation sickness 15-20%; other injuries 50-60%. A flash burn was when the bomb exploded the flash of light, which was extremely fast, emitted radiant heat, which travelled at the speed of light. All of the people that were in the open sustained flash burns. Survivors said that most people didn't have their eyeballs burnt out because they are more susceptible to heat than skin. Most of the victims were to have died within a few minutes or hours depending on the intensity of their burns. The victims bodies were either very brown or they looked as if they were covered in charcoal. ...read more.


This was so important because now if any country breaks some of the world's law e.g. starting a war for no reason on a country that is very small, and the U.N came to intervene the country getting stopped could have access to nuclear weapons, so they would be able to react. The bomb affected everyone's life in Japan. Children when they walking around had to wear masks over their mouths and noses because the smell of rotting bodies was too much. This is important because the children will remember the smell for the rest of their lives, and some of them became very ill because of the nauseous smell. The dropping of the bomb was classed, as a good thing in some people's eyes because they thought that there would never be a war again because of the use of a nuke and Japan in the 1950's became an ally with the U.S.A. After some years the two cities were rebuilt and there were more people living in the cities than there were in 1945. But people were scarred physically and mentally because of what they had suffered, people who were scarred were known as hibakusha. This just means that they were 10% more likely to catch leukaemia and other cancers than a person who wasn't affected. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did hitler bomb british cities?

    However, an alternative occurred to the public, especially in the east end. The underground became the nightly refuge for 177,000 people. They were perfect, warm, dry, and they had electricity. However, the government said they were not to be used, but the public ignored them.

  2. Was The Dropping Of The Atomic Bombs On Hiroshima And Nagasaki Justified?

    But if the Americans launched a second or third attack, first our food supply would run out then our weapons. The Americans could have won without using the atomic bombs'. This source was from an interview with a secretary to the Japanese war minister.

  1. Truman had several reasons for dropping the atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

    conditions that the P.O.W had to endure and due to food shortages, the P.O.W would be the first made to starve to death. Truman used this as another reason to drop the bombs, as it would save the lives of the P.O.W instead of them dying a slow painful death.

  2. Pros and Cons - The use of the Atomic Bomb.

    With one push of a button, an entire city can be vaporized, killing hundreds of thousands of people. As man got closer and closer to the beginning of a nuclear age, it became unavoidable that these weapons of mass destruction would be created.

  1. For what reason did Japan bomb Pearl Harbour?

    The memorandum opposed and threatened expansion of Japanese 'land'. America knew that Japan would not listen to anything that they said, that is the reason Hull said "I have washed my hands of it and it is now in the hands of ...the Army and the Navy." When I read this quote I had realized that the bureaucrats in

  2. An evaluation of the United States decision to use atomic bombs against Hiroshima and ...

    In the years since the end of the Second World War, important military documents have become available for examination. According to existing documentation of US military planning, ...if an initial November 1945 landing on Kyushu had gone forward, estimates of the number of lives that would have been lost...were in the range of 20,000 to 26,000.

  1. In 1945, atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Why did the Americans ...

    The Japanese fought fanatically for islands like Okinawa. Kamikazes sacrificed their lives by flying their planes, which were packed with explosives, into American ships, and cornered soldiers mounted suicidal 'banzai' charges. Although the Americans conquered the island of Okinawa, they lost many soldiers.

  2. Discussing Japan.

    The export figures from Japan are listed below: Japan exports 15% of it's products to the E.U, 33% to Asia, 6% to South Korea, 6% to Taiwan, 5% to Hong Kong, 5% to Singapore, 3% to China, 2% to Australia, 31% to North America, 29% to the U.S.A, 6.5% to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work