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Use of the Atomic Bomb during the War Against Japan

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Introduction

The Facts The Americans used the Atomic bomb so that they could get the war over with as quickly as possible, well that was one of the reasons. Another reason was that the Americans dropped the a-bomb primarily to impress the Soviet Union. Another one is that the cost of the A-bomb drove the Americans to using it, and the people that made the bomb just wanted a chance to see what it did. Some people believe that America didn't think of the consequences of the bomb exploding, and they think that afterwards the Americans regretted dropping it. The atomic bomb itself was an extremely powerful explosive weapon, which was fuelled by the fission of the nuclei of a specific isotope, which could have been an isotope of uranium or plutonium. Nowadays there are two types of Atomic bombs there are the fission bombs, which were used, in the 2nd world war and there are fusion bombs, which are sometimes called Hydrogen or Thermonuclear bombs. The fusion bombs are much more powerful than the fission bombs but you would expect that because they are a l0t more up to date. These newer bombs have never been used in war but were tested in the 1950's. ...read more.

Middle

The area of devastation was much smaller than Hiroshima; it was only 1.8 square kilometres. Casualties were lower as well between 35,000 and 40,000 were killed and nearly the same injured At Nagasaki a different type bomb was used, it was called 'The fat man' and it was 3.2 metres long and 1.5 metres in diameter, it weighed 4,500 kilograms. The amount of damage was greater than Hiroshima, even though the area of damage was smaller. The people of Nagasaki mostly all had radiation disease, in fact 95%. These pieces of information are the casualty's statistics; flash burns 20-30%; radiation sickness 15-20%; other injuries 50-60%. A flash burn was when the bomb exploded the flash of light, which was extremely fast, emitted radiant heat, which travelled at the speed of light. All of the people that were in the open sustained flash burns. Survivors said that most people didn't have their eyeballs burnt out because they are more susceptible to heat than skin. Most of the victims were to have died within a few minutes or hours depending on the intensity of their burns. The victims bodies were either very brown or they looked as if they were covered in charcoal. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was so important because now if any country breaks some of the world's law e.g. starting a war for no reason on a country that is very small, and the U.N came to intervene the country getting stopped could have access to nuclear weapons, so they would be able to react. The bomb affected everyone's life in Japan. Children when they walking around had to wear masks over their mouths and noses because the smell of rotting bodies was too much. This is important because the children will remember the smell for the rest of their lives, and some of them became very ill because of the nauseous smell. The dropping of the bomb was classed, as a good thing in some people's eyes because they thought that there would never be a war again because of the use of a nuke and Japan in the 1950's became an ally with the U.S.A. After some years the two cities were rebuilt and there were more people living in the cities than there were in 1945. But people were scarred physically and mentally because of what they had suffered, people who were scarred were known as hibakusha. This just means that they were 10% more likely to catch leukaemia and other cancers than a person who wasn't affected. ...read more.

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