• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using all the sources, and your own knowledge, assess the extent to which Marys attempts to restore Roman Catholicism in England between 1553 and 1558 were successful.

Extracts from this document...


When Mary gained the throne following Edward's death in 1553, one of her main priorities was to restore Roman Catholicism in England. She herself was a devout Catholic and having been through the reforms of Henry and Edward, she was determined to bring the country back to the 'true faith'. During the start of her reign, Mary's popularity was at its peak. This can be seen from source 1 and 2. Source 1 does not mention religion directly, but the proclamation is very much about opposing Mary's marriage Philip of Spain, the centre of Catholic power in Europe. Source 2 shows Mary and the people's response to source 1, as told by the Spanish Ambassador following the rebellion. It showed the support for Mary as people 'cried out loudly that they would live and die in her service'. These two sources together suggest that the fact Mary was a Catholic did not affect her position on the throne as only a minority were prepared to go against her because of it. ...read more.


Being extremely Catholic she was determined to punish the heretics and by this she hoped to set and example to the people and hence stamp out Protestantism. One of the key figures burnt at the stake was Archbishop Cranmer, who allegedly recanted but was stilled not spared. Over 200 were burnt during Mary's 5 year reign, a total greater than those burnt by the Spanish Inquisition, and was very much counterproductive. Many common folk had been indifferent about religion, but this sudden increase in persecution led them to look more closely at the new religion which so may were willing to die for. By creating martyrs Mary ensured that Protestantism became much more prominent with more people taking notice of it. Even the Catholic population disliked the persecution, as they did not like seeing people die such a painful death for their beliefs. It also made it much easier for Elizabeth to impose a new Church Settlement, as Mary's religious policies were so unpopular. Foxe's Book of Martyrs, a bestseller during Elizabeth's reign, helped to more firmly establish Elizabeth's position by creating the image of Bloody Mary, and by her extreme religious persecutions Mary's name was to be tarnished forever. ...read more.


This ensured that for a period of around 20 years the monarch had been in favour of reforms (this is questionable for Henry but he did ensure that the country did not return to Catholicism). Mary's reign lasted only five years, not long enough for her reforms to take root. The lack of a Catholic dynasty meant that many of the changes could be quickly undone when the Protestant Elizabeth came to the throne, resulting in the ultimate failure of her restoration. Overall, Mary's restoration of Catholicism can only be called a success within her lifetime. England was very much Catholic during her reign, largely due to her determination to make sure her country followed her faith. However even whilst she was alive there were significant failures, such as the failure to restore monasteries and chantries and conflicts with the Pope mainly because of her Spanish marriage. The biggest failure I think was her failure to produce and heir to continue her legacy. After her death the restoration stopped and was very much reversed by Elizabeth. Hence with hindsight and viewing the long term results, Mary's restoration to Catholicism had limited success during her reign and all but passed away with her. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Using all the sources, and your own knowledge, assess the extent to which Henry ...

    4 star(s)

    Appeals, so appeals to Rome no longer had an effect on Henry's decisions. With payments to Rome stopped by the First and Second Act of Annates, the money originally for the Pope went to Henry instead, giving him much welcomed financial gains.

  2. To what extent was the burnings of Protestants the real cause of the failure ...

    describes the burnings of Rogers and Hooper: "At the same time the heroism of the early victims...made a deep impression upon many who were not predisposed to favour their cause."3 Pro-Protestant jaunts such as "smite the Jezebel of England [Mary]"4, were shouted from the crowd when Hooper was burnt.

  1. To what extent was Mary I successful in her attempt to re-impose Catholicism in ...

    Every person's religious beliefs, in England, couldn't be monitored and many Protestants could always practice their beliefs in the privacy of their own homes. The reasons why the Marian Reformation was so successful was firstly, Mary acted without too much speed; secondly, she acted with the consent of the Parliament;

  2. England was a Protestant country by 1553. To what extent do you agree ...

    prayers for the dead (which was very significant because the Catholics believed that if this was not done the deceased would go to hell), and more emphasis was put on the relationship of an individual with God rather than the traditional confession to the priest in Catholic churches.

  1. What was the Edwardian Reformation and how successful was it?

    It proposed for the first time that the sacrament of the altar should be taken in both kinds, (both bread and wine) by communiants. It also made vernacular insertions into the Latin Mass. It certainly appeared that the appartus of the parliament was being used to push through an esstentially Protestant Edwardian Reformation.

  2. In order to assess how Protestant England was at the cessation of Edward's reign ...

    Henry's legacy, despite dabbling with Protestant reforms to plunder and ensure his and his progenies' authorized succession, was essentially orthodox Catholicism in doctrine and ceremonies by 1547. The period after the break from Rome between 1534 to 1547 saw Henry pressured to formulate acceptable doctrine to appease both sides, swinging between favouring either the Protestant factions (led by Cramner)

  1. How Far At the Death of Mary I, In 1558, Was England a Roman ...

    Mary was a staunch Catholic. She renewed the faith and once again introduced mass. In her parliament, she refuted the acts of Edward VI as immature. She tried to swerve England towards Catholicism. The Tudors generally had a flair for understanding people, but unfortunately Mary lacked this quality.

  2. To what extent did Edward IV restore royal authority in the years 1471-83?

    Unfortunately for him, he had to pay off Henry?s debt ? which made it harder for him to gain a profit. After taking refuge in Burgundy, Edward returned to defeat Warwick in the Battle of Barnet. By doing this he showed his strength and determination to be king (which instantly

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work