• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using the information in the sources and your own knowledge, in what ways were the lives of the people at home affected by the First World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Carly Harwood Coursework - Assignment One - The British Homefront Using the information in the sources and your own knowledge, in what ways were the lives of the people at home affected by the First World War? War was declared on Germany on 2nd August 1914. A world war like this had never been experienced before and many people did not know what to expect. Many of these people thought that it would be over by Christmas of the same year. But it wasn't. It affected the British people in many different ways. This is what I am aiming to investigate. The most obvious and immediate affect of the war was recruitment. Traditionally Britain had relied on voluntary recruitment, and the government decided this should continue, backed by an official recruitment campaign, e.g. posters, leaflets, stirring speeches by government ministers and regular stories of German atrocities etc. These things proved very effective to begin with; many people were encouraged by the recruitment campaign and thought it was their duty to remain loyal to their country. They were proud of their country which the Germans were seen to be threatening. Half a million young men signed up in the first month. An example of the posters used to encourage the men to sign up is the one in Source B. It was issued in 1914 and features Lord Kitchener, a successful former soldier who later became the Secretary of State for War, pointing at the reader. ...read more.

Middle

There is evidence of this in Source A, written by Clive Emsley (a modern historian), in 'New Perspectives' magazine in 1990. In this secondary data he explains that 'many of the poor found themselves in permanent employment... and wages generally kept up with wartime inflation', leading to more money being saved and spent on food. Also the food that was being bought was healthier; fruit and vegetables were not rationed where as sugar, butter, beer and meat (all high-calorie foods) were. Emsley also mentions there was a decline in death rate, particularly in infant deaths, suggesting people were healthier because of their better diet. DORA was also responsible for giving the government the right to control the newspapers and other mass media that might influence people's opinions towards the war. Despite the problems of the first few months on the Western Front, the British people were only told about great British victories or heroic resistance. They were not told about the sinking of the British battleship HMS Audacious in October 1914 for example. It was not until November 1916 that the government allowed approved journalists to be at the Front. Reports focused on good news. This was censorship. If anybody resisted, forced censorship was used. If independent papers didn't publish balanced news or even anti-war articles, they were closed down (as The Tribunal was), or monitored closely (like The Daily Herald). ...read more.

Conclusion

It shows how women's working wasn't always welcomed. After studying the different aspects of the British Homefront during WWI, I think the lives of people at home changed greatly. Recruitment and conscription meant that millions of men joined the armed forces to fight for their country, and millions of these men were killed, wounded or went missing, leaving Britain without a generation of men. Both home and away there were positive and negative effects. Away from home there was heroic resistance but much death and horror. At home, diets and therefore health improved with rationing, and women became more independent and had more money as the government encouraged them to fill job vacancies created as men left their jobs to fight. But they did face discrimination in the workplace. And at home, due to censorship, the British public saw little of the terrible war conditions. With the help of DORA, the government could control what the public saw and how they saw it. This appears to have helped the war effort, but it annoyed many people who felt it was their right to know what was happening but were still kept in the dark. In my opinion, I think the government used their power to change people's lives for the better in the circumstances, and despite the huge numbers of casualties, the prejudice women experienced and the shocking horror of the war that was kept from the public, people at home did benefit, and as their lives changed, the war effort became as success. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. In what ways did World War I affect the lives of civilians in Britain ...

    Later in the war, it was used to maintain national sacrifice and unity on the home front. British propaganda depicted Germans as savage barbarians. They labeled Germany responsible for the war. Photographs in newspapers were also used in the propaganda campaign.

  2. What were the consequences of the First World War for the British people 1914-24?

    There was also a serious decline in housing due to fewer being built yet demand increasing. This promote the rise to the "Homes fit for heroes" campaign, but the government had improved maternity care and it introduced British summer time and afternoon closing of public housing and cigarette smoking became more popular and beer rose in price.

  1. In 1915 a British Newspaper printed a letter from a 'Lady Reader' who claimed, ...

    There is no woman in Britain who will forget it." When German warships shelled the east coast of Britain on 16 December 1914, 199 people were killed, including innocent women and children. In January 1915, German airships began bombing raids on Britain using Zeppelins.

  2. Propaganda, Recruitment and ResistanceThe Home Front 1914-1918

    Many wounded or dead soldiers were shown. This was not an attempt to show how bad war was, but to build up anger towards the enemy. The cinemas were not only used to screen films, they were also used to show short length cartoons such as the 'Bully Boy' series, to mock the Kaiser.

  1. "How were the lives of women on Britain's Home Front affected by World War ...

    from 1995 and it was a GCSE review and so I think that it is reliable as some secondary sources are reliable because in the long term it is easier to make more accurate figures and it was for a GCSE history review, which also shows that it is very

  2. The Home Front 1914-1918, Women and work - source related study.

    In source E the poster that was published in 1916 to encourage women to join munitions factories had had an impact because in Source F it shows in 1914 only 2,178,600 women were employed in manufacturing industry but by 1918 (two years later the poster was published)

  1. In what ways did the Second World War affect the lives of ordinary people ...

    The unfair wages angered a few women as they felt they deserved the same as men considering they were producing the same quality work as equivalent male employees, some even refused to work sticking to their traditional values and way of thinking.

  2. In What Ways Did The First World War Affect The Lives Of People At ...

    * "The world owes to the little five-foot nations." * "The heroic deeds." * "Thrill humanity through generations." * "The deeds of little nations fighting for their freedom." * "Wales must continue to do her duty" * "I should like to see a welsh army in the field." * "The race who defeated the Normans for hundreds of years in their struggle for freedom."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work