• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using the sources and your own knowledge do you agree with the view that "Hitler's masterful organisation of the German economy made him both immensely popular and able to fight a prolonged war to 1945?"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Using the sources and your own knowledge do you agree with the view that "Hitler's masterful organisation of the German economy made him both immensely popular and able to fight a prolonged war to 1945?" In Hitler's Four Year Plan Memorandum of August 1936, he outlined that "The German economy must be fit for war within four years." In order to do this, he believed it was first necessary to "put a stop to the everlasting fluctuations of wages and prices" as set out by Hitler in source one. A scheme such as this would indeed prove "immensely popular." From the evidence shown in this statement, it could be assumed that it is true to say "Hitler's masterful organisation of the German economy made him both immensely popular and able to fight a prolonged war to 1945," however whether these effects were carried to full fruition and indeed whether they were to the fault of the F(hrer is a matter which may come under scrutiny. There is evidence to suggest that many economic plans laid down by Hitler led to the growth and expansion of the economy and the ability to fight a prolonged war until 1945. For example, production levels saw a definite increase between 1933 and 1938 as we can see from source two, particularly production goods. ...read more.

Middle

Ulrich Herbert believes that for a large proportion of the German public, the "image of National Socialism was characterised principally by reduction of unemployment, economic boom, tranquillity and order." By 1939, official figures show that there was full employment under the Third Reich. This supports the idea of Hitler's popularity, however can also give evidence that "Hitler's masterful organisation" was not to blame. As we can see from source four, two other reasons for Hitler's increase in popularity were the "regime's monopoly of the media of information" and the "system of terror which it imposed on its subjects." For some, it is true to say that Hitler was the only option. Source three shows that people were desperate for work and food: " I'd have made a pact with the devil to get work. Hitler came along and offered me work, so I followed him." In truth, to the unemployed of 1932, the Third Reich brought prosperity of a kind, increased job opportunities and increased job security, for example in the form of the new DAF organisation. More people were attending the cinema and listening to the radio, showing an increase in consumer goods. From the point of view of the middle classes, Hitler offered security from the Communist menace and a declining crime rate, a sure piece of evidence that Hitler's popularity was widespread. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 1939, the regime's leaders knew that a "serious economic crisis was just around the corner." In the view of historian Tim Mason, economic problems within Germany eventually led to the war itself. Therefore, Germany had virtually no choice as to whether to fight the war or not. On the side of popularity, Mason and other Marxist historians argue that within the Third Reich, the workers were losers, kept in place by repression and propaganda, in which the prospect of benefits was fully exploited. Despite increased job opportunities and security, there were pitfalls, as workers had to endure longer working hours and less freedom. For the middle classes, the pressure to conform, monotony of party parades and harassment for donations was resented. Hitler in some ways proved to be unpopular. In spite of the opinion of many that Germany under Hitler was kept in place largely by repression and propaganda, weighing up the evidence it can in fact be said that his popularity very often stemmed from his promises or achievements within the Third Reich. As for whether "Hitler's masterful organisation of the economy made him immensely popular and able to fight a prolonged war to 1945," Hitler did succeed in implementing a massive rearmament programme, however, as is evident, his preparations would in the end not be enough to enable Germany to emerge triumphant from the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Using these four passages and your own knowledge, assess the view that Napoleons Empire ...

    5 star(s)

    own mechanizations, ?The ideals of?social designs.? As the interpretation suggests, Napoleon only uses his subjects as a means of funding his military and fiscal needs. Likewise, newly acquired nations were used to extend his Bonaparte dynasty across Europe, which is evident by the appointment of Napoleon?s ineffective sister as the king of turbulent Spain.

  2. Assess the view that the failures of the Congress of Vienna outweighed the successes.

    sat down to construct a peaceful international situation after a great war and succeeded.'55 In this way, the Settlement was largely successful as the principal aim was achieved, and hence the view can be opposed. 1 Tim Chapman, The Congress of Vienna; origins, processes and results, Routledge 1998, 58 2

  1. History Research Project. The influence of Major Vernon Kell in the effectiveness of the ...

    The Secret Service Bureau was established by the 'Committee of Imperial Defence' and began operations in October 1909. The Bureau began as a single organisation and was staffed initially by Mansfield Cumming and Vernon Kell. This structure existed until 1910, when they parted company to become the first heads of SIS (Secret Intelligence Service or MI6)

  2. How far do you agree that the collectivisation of agriculture made an essential contribution ...

    So Stalin called for the return of voluntary principle, which lead to a lot of peasants going back to farming for themselves. But the campaign was restarted shortly afterwards and was just as determined as the previous wave. Throughout 1931 peasants were once again forced back into collectivisation, taking back 50 per cent of peasant households.

  1. Vietnam war

    Disruption of South Vietnamese economic processes. Peasant choice between communists and corrupt South Vietnamese government- Viet Cong either force them into being guerrillas, while Americans/ South Viet government force them into fortified hamlets (or shot them for being VC sympathisers).

  2. How far had Hitler achieved his Third Reich?

    Eintopf insisted that national comrades eat only a simple 'one pot' meal once every month, so they could save money and donate to welfare schemes such as Winterhilf. This fund was formed in 1933 to provide extra help during the winter months for the unemployed, and payments did actually benefit nearly 9 million Germans in 1938.

  1. Albert Speers Role as German Armaments Minister during the War

    Several months after joining the party in March 1931, Speer realised his ambition of being an architect could be resolved working for the Nazi Party under Hitler. It was the ambition that blinded Speer in not being able to ?tell the difference between good and evil? although he wasn?t ?intrinsically

  2. The handling of the economy was poorly coordinated and this accounts for the weakness ...

    The armed forces were determined to have the very best munitions possible and as a result the drive for quality was pursued at the expense of quantity. This meant that after two years of war, with the armed forces advancing into the USSR, Germany?s economic mobilisation for total war had not achieved the expected levels of armaments production.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work