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Vietnam research project.

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Vietnam research project 1. Vietnam was a conflict that was originally fought by the French. They acted this way to follow the 'Truman doctrine' but by 1950, war had flared up again and America joined. In '54 Eisenhower had come up with the 'domino theory' as a justification for the involvement. This theory stated, "If South Vietnam falls to the Communist, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma, India and Pakistan would also fall like dominos. The Pacific Islands and even Australia could be at risk." After the French were defeated in 1954, Vietnam was split in two; the north was Communist, led by Ho Chi Minh, and the south was Capitalist under Ngo Dinh Diem. Diem's regime got billions of dollars from the US but remained very unpopular with most Vietnamese people. The US prevented the elections that were promised under the Geneva conference because it knew that the Communists would win. Vietnamese Buddhist monks protested against American involvement by suicide, mainly by burning themselves. Operation Phoenix was organised by the CIA. This led to the arrest and murder of thousands of Communists in the south. First the US sent in military advisers, and then President Johnson sent in troops in huge numbers. This shows that America had one main reason for getting involved in Vietnam; to stop the spread of communism. They didn't want to get involved in this conflict, so they let the French try to resolve it, helping them with a donation of $15 million, including a military mission and military advisors. ...read more.


Nicknamed "Agent Orange" because of the identifying orange stripe on its steel drum containers. It was sprayed over large areas by aircraft and over smaller areas by hand. It was supposed to have been diluted 20:1, but it was used full strength. Many Vietnam Veterans suffer from health problems caused by exposure to Agent Orange. Napalm is an Incendiary, such as jelly gasoline, used in Vietnam by the French and the Americans using flame throwers and dropping in bombs from aircraft to serves as a defoliant and as an antipersonnel weapon. 3. It is believed that the most important event that changed the US opinion is the TET offensive. The TET offensive was a massive attack by the Viet Cong upon South Vietnam, which began on 30 January 1968. All the major cities of South Vietnam were attacked. In Saigon the US embassy was overtaken by suicide squads, who were only removed eventually by paratroopers. This was a big shock as it came at a time when the US was seemingly winning the war. The number of casualties per week kept rising, the men were being constantly sent home in body bags. The war was draining money form the 'Great society' and the civil rights leaders were getting annoyed. Now, at 1968, the people got involved, mainly students outside universities, they protested. Some ended nastily when the National Guard was called to control the protests, several students were shot. ...read more.


The defoliants painfully killed thousands of soldiers from both sides of the war, and destroyed hundreds of acres of forest land. 2,000,000 men, women and children were killed and Over 7,000,000 tonnes of bombs were dropped on North Vietnam, destroying masses of forest land. Vietnam was reduced from a major exporter of rice to a country that could not feed itself. Many mines and other booby traps were left after the war. They are still there in many cases. And people continued to suffer from the effects of chemicals and defoliants. 2,000,000 people fled from Vietnam to escape famine and the communist government. These included 1,000,000 'boat people', who tried to sail to other countries as far away as Hong Kong. In America the a lot of the people's taxes went toward funding this war in Vietnam, and the people protested against this. 6. The war had a major affect on America and its people. The government had to use tax payer's money and money from the 'Great society' to fund the war. The people found out about this and protested against it. The people also demonstrated about the efficiency of the troops and the treatment of the P.O.W's. The war cost $120,000,000,000, and many people say this money went to a complete waste, and it's a hell of a lot of money to through away. 700,000 veterans have suffered from psychological disorders since returning to the USA. More veterans have committed suicide than were killed in the fighting. ...read more.

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