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Vietnam Sources Questions

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Introduction

Question 1 Study sources 1 and 2. What do these sources tell us about the attitude to war in Vietnam? The two sources are very significant in revealing the attitudes to war, as in source 1 it reveals the coalition of early opposition to the war, this included from Pacifies and left-wingers anxious for a Vietcong victory and liberals who preferred a democratic strategy to safeguard Vietnam. When the war started only a small number of Americans population opposed the war (25,000 people took place in the anti-war demonstration but it was the largest of its type up to date). Source 2 is a graph which clearly shows the correlation in the decline of support for the war with the concomitant increase in the opposition to the war. The graph indicates a deterioration for those who supported the war from 50% to around 26% while the opposition increased dramatically from 25% up to 60%. Question 2 Study sources 3 and 4. Do you think it would be true to say that "all U.S politicians supported America's involvement in the Vietnam war". Back up your answer with evidence from the sources. ...read more.

Middle

The utility is helped by the fact that it is a visual snap shot of history. The photograph is a contemporary picture taken on the 4th May. In the photograph we see what appears to be a grenade or tear gas. In addition it seems that the two groups are at battle with each other. We are under the impression that the National Guards have drawn banonets and rifles. Source 8 is beneficial because of the immediacy of the evidence and we can empathize with visual evidence like this easily. It allows us to comprehend complex political concerns like the anti-war movement in an accessible form, conversely we must be cautious of accepting this evidence at face value as photos can be staged of even air brushed for propaganda reasons. Source 9 is a speech by Nixon on the 1st of May (three days before the Kent State confrontation). In this extract Nixon describes the campus students as "BUMS" and not worthy of respect, unlike those soldiers in Vietnam. It is possible that the National Guards were influenced preconditioned towards violence in opposition to the student by the speech. ...read more.

Conclusion

Conversely, Adam Garfinkle, who also opposed the war believed that the movement prolonged the war because the everyday American weren't willing to be associated with the undesirables who opposed the war. Accordingly to sources 16 and 17 media gave weight to the Anti-War Movement. Robin Day is convinced that "blood looks very red on colour television screens", implying that this added momentum to the opposition of war. On the other hand, knightly argues, based on the Newsweek survey that "64% of viewers replied that they were moved to support the soldiers and 24% to oppose war". Finally in source 18, Summers, a combat Colonel in Vietnam, placed responsibility for the loss of Vietnam firmly on the government's lack of resolve to "win the damn war or get the hell out" and he marginalizes contribution of protestors. Having reviewed all the arguments in the sources I believe that the Anti-War Movement had a significant impact on ending the war as it was a dramatic time in American History, and many people relied on their government to make the right choices. As the government wasn't doing so it was the responsibility of those who disagreed with the war to take a stand and put pressure on the government to withdraw from the war. ?? ?? ?? ?? Micheal McAughey History Course Work 12A ...read more.

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