• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Vladimir Lenin was the Bolshevik leader

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Vladimir Lenin was the Bolshevik leader. He was a clever thinker and a practical man; he knew how to take advantage of events. When Lenin arrived in Russia, he issued a document called the April theses, promising 'peace, bread, land and freedom'. He called for an end to the 'Capitalist' war, and demanded that power should be given to the soviets. He demanded a revolution against the Provisional Government as soon as possible. In November 1917, under the leadership of Lenin and Trotsky, the Bolsheviks overthrew the Provisional government, beginning the era of Communist rule in Russia. Stalin played no real part in the events of the revolution. The revolution was the result of detailed Bolshevik planning, and of the failures and weaknesses of the Provisional government. Lenin knew that there was enough discontent amongst the people for a revolution to work. By October 1917 the Bolsheviks controlled both the Petrograd and the Moscow Soviets. ...read more.

Middle

Yet it was Joseph Stalin who was eventually to emerge as leader of the party. This was largely because Stalin was a clever and astute politician, who was seen as being a man of the people. He was able to manoeuvre himself into a position of power through his role as General Secretary of the Communist Party. Once in power, he exerted an iron grip on the USSR. Stalin's aims differed from Lenin's in that he did not expect to spread Communism worldwide until Communism was secure in the USSR. He also wanted to achieve autarky in agriculture (via the Kolkhoz) and industry via the Five Year Plans. The state took over planning for industry and agriculture with a commission called Gosplan to set targets for achievement. A five year plan set targets for all basic industrial factories and workers. The first five year plan concentrated on heavy industry, the second five year plan was similar to the first, but also developed transport and mining and the third five year plan put more emphasis on light industry, housing and consumer goods. ...read more.

Conclusion

The political system which existed in the Soviet Union under Stalin was a system of terror. The purges of the 1930s sent millions of Russians to their deaths, the population was scared of the secret police, the NKVD, and the forced collectivization of agriculture had wiped out a part of Russian society, the Kulaks. Due to Stalin's Purges the army and navy were seriously weakened by the loss of senior officers; however in Lenin's time in Russia he used war communism to help feed and strengthen the army. Stalin's dictatorship can be compared to Adolf Hitler as they ran everything by themselves and did whatever they felt like, even though others objected. Lenin was clearly had a greater impact on Russia as he was the one who contributed the most to the Revolution's and he got the Bolsheviks into power. He also helped to modernise Russia. Stalin was a dictator and he did not do as much as Lenin to help Russia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    He brought to the Bolshevik movement a programme distinct from all other parties in Russia, which had an unstoppable drive to grab power. Lenin to enhance his oratory skills in April 1917 produced April Theses. Within this he set out his effective slogans 'peace, land and bread' and 'all power to the Soviets'.

  2. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    Lenin fled to Finland and many Bolsheviks were arrested. At this point it did not seem possible that they would ever rule over Russia. From the point of view of political legitimacy, Lenin and the Bolsheviks were already in a severe disadvantage in the Soviet because they had to compete

  1. Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia and Its People Lenin was a great ...

    Another main feature of the NEP was that Traders could buy and sell goods. This had been illegal during War Communism. These traders were known as Nepmen and they made high profits by buying food and goods at low prices, but selling them for high prices.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin Both Vladimir Lenin and Joseph ...

    There were no children...There was nothing much to Lenin: He gave himself entirely to politics". M. Whittock - Stalin's Russia (Coursework Booklet) A fellow revolutionary of Lenin's, wrote this description ad appearance of Lenin during the 1920's: "Practically bald, his cranium high and bulging, his forehead strong, he had commonplace

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    chance that the allies would offer help to rebuild Russia and invest the money to rebuild to economy. This was an unpopular decision, which left the provisional government in an unstable position. In July 1917 Kerensky became war minister. Though staying in the war contributed to making the government weak

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    The union maintained itself in a position of considerable strength for several months following the Bolshevik seizure of power, but was eventually supplanted by legislation which gave control of each rail line to a soviet representing the workers on that line.

  1. The significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923).

    Not everyone believed that Lenin's second reveloution would work at that time and wanted to wait. During July to August 1917, Lenin concentrated on building support within the workers, publishing propaganda in Bolshevik newspapers, expanding membership of the Bolshevik Party and creating an army called the Red Army by arming workers with guns.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    There were some things to consider? 1. The USSR needed to quickly become stronger and more self-sufficient both in industry and agriculture. 2. The USSR needed to become militarily strong; this depended on more industrial power. 3. Stalin and the regime must be able to prove that living in a Socialist economy would offer a better standard of life.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work