• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Vladimir Lenin was the Bolshevik leader

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Vladimir Lenin was the Bolshevik leader. He was a clever thinker and a practical man; he knew how to take advantage of events. When Lenin arrived in Russia, he issued a document called the April theses, promising 'peace, bread, land and freedom'. He called for an end to the 'Capitalist' war, and demanded that power should be given to the soviets. He demanded a revolution against the Provisional Government as soon as possible. In November 1917, under the leadership of Lenin and Trotsky, the Bolsheviks overthrew the Provisional government, beginning the era of Communist rule in Russia. Stalin played no real part in the events of the revolution. The revolution was the result of detailed Bolshevik planning, and of the failures and weaknesses of the Provisional government. Lenin knew that there was enough discontent amongst the people for a revolution to work. By October 1917 the Bolsheviks controlled both the Petrograd and the Moscow Soviets. ...read more.

Middle

Yet it was Joseph Stalin who was eventually to emerge as leader of the party. This was largely because Stalin was a clever and astute politician, who was seen as being a man of the people. He was able to manoeuvre himself into a position of power through his role as General Secretary of the Communist Party. Once in power, he exerted an iron grip on the USSR. Stalin's aims differed from Lenin's in that he did not expect to spread Communism worldwide until Communism was secure in the USSR. He also wanted to achieve autarky in agriculture (via the Kolkhoz) and industry via the Five Year Plans. The state took over planning for industry and agriculture with a commission called Gosplan to set targets for achievement. A five year plan set targets for all basic industrial factories and workers. The first five year plan concentrated on heavy industry, the second five year plan was similar to the first, but also developed transport and mining and the third five year plan put more emphasis on light industry, housing and consumer goods. ...read more.

Conclusion

The political system which existed in the Soviet Union under Stalin was a system of terror. The purges of the 1930s sent millions of Russians to their deaths, the population was scared of the secret police, the NKVD, and the forced collectivization of agriculture had wiped out a part of Russian society, the Kulaks. Due to Stalin's Purges the army and navy were seriously weakened by the loss of senior officers; however in Lenin's time in Russia he used war communism to help feed and strengthen the army. Stalin's dictatorship can be compared to Adolf Hitler as they ran everything by themselves and did whatever they felt like, even though others objected. Lenin was clearly had a greater impact on Russia as he was the one who contributed the most to the Revolution's and he got the Bolsheviks into power. He also helped to modernise Russia. Stalin was a dictator and he did not do as much as Lenin to help Russia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    not only with the Mensheviks, but also the Socialist Revolutionaries and the anarchists. Despite the slogans of the April Thesis, the Bolsheviks remained one of the smaller parties in the Soviet. One of their strengths was the formation of the Red Guards consisting of armed soldiers and workers who operated under the authority of the Bolsheviks.

  2. Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia and Its People Lenin was a great ...

    Peasants no longer had to worry about their produce being taken away from them by force. The peasants would have to give a small amount of grain each year to the government as a tax. Though, any surplus of theirs could be sold on the market for a profit that they could keep.

  1. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin Both Vladimir Lenin and Joseph ...

    His life was his work, politics and nothing else: "Lenin believed that revolutionaries had to be tough. This attitude left little room for sentiment. Lenin had colleagues and followers rather than friends. Even his marriage to Krupskaya was a political partnership more than anything else.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    fact that, all political prisoner were freed, an eight hour day was introduced for industrial workers and the Tsars secret police was abolished. The provisional government could never of had any power as they had little/no control over the army.

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    In order to guard the liberty of the country and to save the revolution, the Central Committee of the All-Russian Union of Railwaymen has, from the very beginning of this civil strife, assumed a strictly neutral attitude and has declared that the only way to obtain internal peace is by

  2. The significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923).

    Lenin imposed the idea that a revolution must happen as soon as possible; he used patriotism and unity as the basis of his argument. He also took advantage of the workers angers at their treatment and pay, while using peasants land worries to get their support.

  1. Calvin and Knox: Religious Thinker and Religious Politician

    Knox preached Calvinistic views on such topics as predestination and idolatry. Knox once said that: "Your imperfection shall have no power to damn you, or Christ's perfection is reputed to be yours by faith, which you have in his blood" (Online: Lent, p.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    There were some things to consider? 1. The USSR needed to quickly become stronger and more self-sufficient both in industry and agriculture. 2. The USSR needed to become militarily strong; this depended on more industrial power. 3. Stalin and the regime must be able to prove that living in a Socialist economy would offer a better standard of life.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work