• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

War and Peace in the Middle East

Extracts from this document...


War and Peace in the Middle East 'Chapter 1-2' Page 3. 1. What was the main aim of the Zionists? The main aim of the Zionists was to find a Jewish national home. 2. Study source D carefully. For many years after this letter was published many Jews regarded the Balfour Declaration as a promise from the British government to help set us a Jewish state. a. Does it read like a promise? Yes it does. b. If so, a promise to do what? The Balfour Declaration was a promise to the Zionists, where they would make Palestine the national home for the Jewish people. c. What does this document say about the non-Jews in Palestine? Why? It says that Palestine becoming the national home for the Jewish people, and the immigration of the Jews will not affect or harm the 'civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine...' This is to appease the non-Jews of having to share land with the Jewish. Page 5. 1. Read source B. a. Who is the 'oppressive tyrant'? The Turkish. b. How does the writer think the Arabs should achieve their independence? The writer thinks that the Arabs should achieve their independence by staying united and to revolt against the oppressive tyrant. ...read more.


The Balfour Declaration seemed like a promise to the Jews of a homeland, however, little did they realize that it was for the benefit of Britain. The British needed the United States to join the First World War through influence from Jews in America. So Britain was basically using the Jews for their own good. The declaration stated that Palestine would become the national home for the Jewish, however, when they began immigrating, they were not allowed to access anywhere in Palestine, which means the promise still has not been fulfilled, as the Jews only have a part of the intended 'national home'. So in general, Page 7. 1. Why were Palestinian Arabs angry about Jews immigrating to Palestine after the First World War? The Palestinian Arabs were angry about the Jews immigrating to Palestine because they believed that Jews were buying land in 'their' country, in the Promised Land as written in the Quuran, the holy book of Islam. In the areas the Jews were buying land, the Arabs claimed that they were being driven out of their own country. The Arabs felt that they were becoming 'landless', and that the Jews were affecting their life style. ...read more.


The Arabs rebelled in 1936 because of two main causes. Firstly, they were encouraged by the British to rebel against their Turkish rulers, supporting independence and self government if they did, however, later on the Arabs realized that the British were using them, as the British wanted them to turn against the Turkish, as it was on the German side, where Britain was not. The Arabs were extremely angered when they heard of the Sykes-Picot Agreement and the purpose of the British encouraging them to rebel against the Turks. However, in the end, the Peace of Versailles confirmed the Arabs that they would gain their independence once they were ready, so in the mean time, Britain was given mandates over Palestine and Iraq, taking control of these lands. You can probably guess the cause of the second reason the Arabs rebelled in 1936. The Arabs felt ruled over by again, feeling that their Turkish rulers were just exchanged for British rulers. Moreover, they felt that the British were pro-Zionist, as they allowed the immigration of the Jewish, which the Arabs strongly disagreed upon, claiming that they were affecting their lifestyle, buying 'their' land, and being driven out by these 'intruders'. Consequently, the Arabs rebelled, and attacked the Jewish settlements. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Gandhi was instrumental in India achieving its independence. Gandhi was able to procure Indias ...

    In 1919 Gandhi coined the phrase "non-cooperation" which he said was, "a tangible form of showing ones displeasure at the acts of ones government (6)." In 1920 this became the slogan for the Indian National Congress and it became a movement.

  2. Education in the Middle Colonies

    Girls attended school with boys, but they were seated in different classrooms. Just as in Puritan New England, Dutch schoolmasters had duties at church often assisting with baptisms, funerals, and with keeping children quiet and attentive. With such strong community spirit and often blatant resistance to English culture among the

  1. The First English Civil War

    They had the sympathies of most of the large towns, where the trained bands, drilled once a month, provided cadres for new regiments. Further, by recognising the inevitable, they gained a start in war preparations which they never lost. The Earl of Warwick, the Earl of Essex and the Earl

  2. Why did Britain not establish an independant Palestine jointly ruled by Arabs and Jews ...

    Government was committed to supporting the Jews in acquiring a homeland in Palestine, where the population was in majority Arab, with No clear distinction was made as to what a 'homeland' meant , Zionist interpreted as a national state, with Chaim Weizmann affirming it would be "as Jewish as England

  1. How were the lives of Civilians affected by the Second World War

    The hosts also had problems with evacuation. The Women's Institute made reports (Source 4) which shows how the hosts had to tidy up children because they had problems like scabies and how they might have to clothes them because their clothes were worn.

  2. Discuss the course and consequences of the Arab Israeli Conflict

    pain and suffering of their people, would emerge victorious, and there would be the final declaration of the State of Israel by David Ben-Gurion on the 14th of May, 1948. In the 1890s, the Zionists, after choosing Palestine as a possible homeland, had an initial problem to solve, for their goal to be achieved.

  1. In the context of India in the 1840s to 1947, how far can independence ...

    Further discontent was caused when a peaceful demonstration in Amritsar on the 13th April 1919, descended into massacre when Brigadier-General Dyer opened fire on thousands of unarmed civilians, who were unable to escape. Considered ?one of the most brutal episodes in the history of the Raj?,[17] nearly four hundred people were killed; it was followed by public floggings and humiliation.

  2. The Belgian Congo Before and After Independence

    Another politician emerging at the same time is Patrice Lumumba. A member of a minor tribe, he believes in a future nation which is strongly centralized. In 1958 he founds the Congo's first nationwide party, the MNC or Mouvement National Congolais.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work