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War and Peace in the Middle East

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Introduction

War and Peace in the Middle East 'Chapter 1-2' Page 3. 1. What was the main aim of the Zionists? The main aim of the Zionists was to find a Jewish national home. 2. Study source D carefully. For many years after this letter was published many Jews regarded the Balfour Declaration as a promise from the British government to help set us a Jewish state. a. Does it read like a promise? Yes it does. b. If so, a promise to do what? The Balfour Declaration was a promise to the Zionists, where they would make Palestine the national home for the Jewish people. c. What does this document say about the non-Jews in Palestine? Why? It says that Palestine becoming the national home for the Jewish people, and the immigration of the Jews will not affect or harm the 'civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine...' This is to appease the non-Jews of having to share land with the Jewish. Page 5. 1. Read source B. a. Who is the 'oppressive tyrant'? The Turkish. b. How does the writer think the Arabs should achieve their independence? The writer thinks that the Arabs should achieve their independence by staying united and to revolt against the oppressive tyrant. ...read more.

Middle

The Balfour Declaration seemed like a promise to the Jews of a homeland, however, little did they realize that it was for the benefit of Britain. The British needed the United States to join the First World War through influence from Jews in America. So Britain was basically using the Jews for their own good. The declaration stated that Palestine would become the national home for the Jewish, however, when they began immigrating, they were not allowed to access anywhere in Palestine, which means the promise still has not been fulfilled, as the Jews only have a part of the intended 'national home'. So in general, Page 7. 1. Why were Palestinian Arabs angry about Jews immigrating to Palestine after the First World War? The Palestinian Arabs were angry about the Jews immigrating to Palestine because they believed that Jews were buying land in 'their' country, in the Promised Land as written in the Quuran, the holy book of Islam. In the areas the Jews were buying land, the Arabs claimed that they were being driven out of their own country. The Arabs felt that they were becoming 'landless', and that the Jews were affecting their life style. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Arabs rebelled in 1936 because of two main causes. Firstly, they were encouraged by the British to rebel against their Turkish rulers, supporting independence and self government if they did, however, later on the Arabs realized that the British were using them, as the British wanted them to turn against the Turkish, as it was on the German side, where Britain was not. The Arabs were extremely angered when they heard of the Sykes-Picot Agreement and the purpose of the British encouraging them to rebel against the Turks. However, in the end, the Peace of Versailles confirmed the Arabs that they would gain their independence once they were ready, so in the mean time, Britain was given mandates over Palestine and Iraq, taking control of these lands. You can probably guess the cause of the second reason the Arabs rebelled in 1936. The Arabs felt ruled over by again, feeling that their Turkish rulers were just exchanged for British rulers. Moreover, they felt that the British were pro-Zionist, as they allowed the immigration of the Jewish, which the Arabs strongly disagreed upon, claiming that they were affecting their lifestyle, buying 'their' land, and being driven out by these 'intruders'. Consequently, the Arabs rebelled, and attacked the Jewish settlements. ...read more.

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