• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

War Communism was a complete failure. How valid is this statement?

Extracts from this document...


Úna Richards 10/03/2013 War Communism was a complete failure. How valid is this statement? War Communism was a failure in that it led to famine in the Russian countryside, as well as widespread opposition from the Russian population, most notably from the Kronstadt sailors. However, this is not to say it was a complete failure. There were some aspects of success to War Communism; it established equality of men and women; the economic policy equipped and fed the Red Army, and as a result, the Red Army was able to defeat the Whites. Therefore, War Communism was not a complete failure. There were several reasons for the introduction of War Communism. It was used in a pragmatic sense, as it was a response to the military exigencies of the civil war. Indeed, it aimed to feed and equip the Red Army and increase the likelihood of a White Army defeat. The effectiveness of this particular aim of War Communism was demonstrated through the success of the Red Army during the civil war. ...read more.


The heavily enforced policy was able to eliminate capitalist aspects of Russia, e.g. private property, and implement communist economics instead. War Communism, in this sense, was a fundamental aspect of the Bolsheviks? revolutionary strategy. The cheka senselessly stamped out any political opposition groups or political resistance that they encountered or rooted out. Arguably, this aim within War Communism wasn?t a failure and was largely successful, as Bolsheviks remained in power, and the communist regime was kept until 1991-2. In spite of the successful maintenance of Bolshevik power, some of the methods used as part of the policy were massively unpopular. This was demonstrated through the Kronstadt uprising that took place in March 1921, the naval soldiers wanted greater freedom. Many took part but the Red Army quickly and brutally put it down, many died. This incident was particularly significant, as the people that resided in the area of Kronstadt previously formed the ?pride and glory of the Russian revolution? but were now extremely unhappy with the conditions of War Communism, as well as the communist regime in general. ...read more.


As a result, there were simply not enough workers to run fully functioning factories. This was a key failure of War Communism; Lenin?s decision to hand over control of factories to the workers proved detrimental to the Russian economy. It wasn?t a complete failure, however, Lenin?s decision and policy of War Communism allowed women to take on different jobs, helping to increase sexual equality. Overall, War Communism had both successes and failures and therefore cannot be called a complete failure or a complete success. Its failures; however seem more major, such as the 1921-4 famine. Food output decreased dramatically in the three years, and many died as a result. This is not to say that its successes weren?t significant, War Communism?s role in sexual equality triggered further positive changes for the women of Russia. Arguably then, Lenin?s policy wasn?t a complete failure but due to the severity of the problems created by War Communism it can be categorised as a failure that had some successes albeit of small-scale. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    So he decided on a head-on attack. The battle lasted 10 hours. Casualties were huge on ech side: the Russians lost 40,000 and the French 28,0000. * Napoleon could claim a win because the Russians retreated. Kutuzov also claimed a victory because he was able to escape with only 700 taken prisoners.

  2. Vietnam war

    * Beginning in the summer of 1955, Diem launched a 'Denounce the Communists' campaign, during which communists and other anti-government elements were arrested, imprisoned or executed. Also at this time, people moved across the partition line in both directions. It is estimated that around 100,000 Vietnamese moved from South Vietnam

  1. The Bolshevik Consolidation of Power 1918-21.

    It strengthened his hold over the party, and provided the opportunity to expel the Left SRs from the Government and to outlaw them politically. 3 The Civil War 1918-20 The Bolsheviks presented the Civil War in Russia as a class war; but it was never merely this.

  2. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    He thought that the Party would encourage civil disobedience among Catholics whenever the policies of the state conflicted with those of the Church. His suspicions further increased as he observed how rapidly the part became the rally point for all those opposing the Empire.

  1. Fascism Compared to Communism

    Times had been changing rapidly, technological improvements in the fields of manufacturing, transportation, and communication made this period of time very different from any other. Hitler spent his time imprison writing his book, Mein Kampf, filling it full of warped ideas of conquest and superiority of one race over another.

  2. Speer claims that he was non-political - What evidence isthere that this was valid?

    other members of the Nazi elite, when Hitler finds out via telegram that Russia and Germany had signed a non-aggression pact. Hitler was quoted saying "I have them". This comment was followed by Hitler talking about the effectiveness of the Red Army, which should have made it evident to all present what Hitler was planning.

  1. Trotsky - Succession, Revolutionary Success, Civil War Hero, Death, Failure and End

    the 'otherthrow of capitalism as the only way to end the war'9, and that no further support must be given to the Provisional Government. Yet upon hearing Lenin's views on the state of affairs in Russia, Bolshevik leaders were aghast.

  2. "The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust" How valid is this assessment ...

    Holocaust as it shows the Nazi party may have been forced to kill inferior races in order to make way for the new influx of victims to the Nazi war machine. This source is interesting as it explores Hitler's intentions before coming into the role of Furher, here Hitler describes

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work