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Was it justified for the U.S.A. to drop the atom bomb on Japan?

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Introduction

Was it justified for the U.S.A. to drop the atom bomb on Japan? In august 1945 an American plane dropped an atom bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima killing 78,000 people and injuring 40,000. Three days later the same happened in Nagasaki killing 40,000. The U.S.A. was both justified and not justified in doing this. These two bombs were dropped, ending a war that had all started by Japan wanting an empire to provide it's own raw materials, especially oil (which would be vital for war). Japan launched a full-scale war with China in 1937. As Japan was invading parts of Asia, President Roosevelt stopped the supply of important materials to Japan - from 1940. On 7th December 1941 the Japanese attacked the Americans at their Pearl Harbour navel base in Hawaii. Luckily the American aircraft carriers were out on a training exercise at the time, and were not damaged, but many other navy ships were. Japan had awoken a sleeping giant and a state of war was declared. America was justified to drop the atom bomb on Japan for the following reasons: - First and foremost, Pearl Harbour. Although most of the US fleet was on a training exercise, this Japanese attack has devastating consequences. Many other ships were destroyed, and thousands of men were killed. ...read more.

Middle

By dropping the atom bomb, Stalin would realise how powerful and advanced the Americans were, and that they weren't afraid to use that power (the U.S.S.R. didn't get the atom bomb until 1953). But after the atom bombs were dropped Stalin still refused to leave Eastern Europe, and Soviet forces were their until 1989. Truman's idea of scaring the Russians into leaving didn't work, so I am not sure whether this is or is not justified - it could fit into both categories. Near to end of the war, the Japanese wanted to hold out and surrender to better terms. Truman was totally different from Roosevelt; he was a very strict man and much more anti-communist. He was also very suspicious of Stalin. He wanted unconditional surrender, and wanted to end the war quickly. This was as he didn't want the U.S.S.R. to claim a slice of Japan, if they entered the war in the Pacific and Japan was defeated. The Japanese fought with courage, and to the death. They were very brutal and therefore the Americans were very brutal to them. By this I mean they (the Japanese) fought fanatically, using anything they could (including their hands) and taking no prisoners. When Japan attacked the Americans at Pearl Harbour on 7th December, there was no declaration of war. ...read more.

Conclusion

When the second was dropped 40,000 people died. This all could have been avoided, but American casualties would have been high. They had also lost the Battle of Midway, a decisive naval engagement of World War II, which gave the United States sea power over the Japanese. Japanese and US aircraft carriers fought it in June 1942 near the Midway Islands. The victory at Midway terminated a major Japanese attempt to capture the islands as a possible way to invade Hawaii. The success of the operation effectively tipped the balance of sea power in the Pacific Ocean in favor of America. The Americans dropped two bombs on Japan, one on Hiroshima and the other on Nagasaki. They easily could have forced the Japanese into defeat by just dropping the one bomb. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were not even military targets, President Roosevelt definitely wouldn't have, where as Truman would have happily done it. In my own opinion, I feel that the Americans probably were justified to drop the atomic bombs on Japan considering the fact that many thousands of American soldiers were being killed due to the slow island-hopping tactic. If they had carried on with this, there would have been many un-necessary deaths and the dropping of the bombs ended it quickly and efficiently. I can understand why America felt it was okay to drop the bombs and I agree, but I think they could have gained the same outcome by only dropping one bomb and not killing 40,000 people for no reason. ...read more.

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