• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was it the continuation of the First World War the main reason for the overthrow of the Provisional government in the October revolution?

Extracts from this document...


To what extent was the continuation of the First World War the main reason for the overthrow of the Provisional government in the October revolution? The First World War could be considered the main reason for the overthrow of the Provisional Government in the October revolution because of the opposing views in the government and coalition. However there are also several other causes of the revolution not related to the war. Firstly, the war did play a huge role in the overthrow of the provisional Government in the October Revolution. At the end of April it became apparent that the minister of war not only wanted to defend the Russians but wanted to make territorial gains if the allies won. This caused a huge problem and the socialists were completely opposed supporting a defensive war only. This made it even more likely that revolution would happen as it showed that the government was not doing what the people wanted them to. The Minster of War was forced to resign and the Provisional Government was in crisis. After the crisis ended five socialist leaders joined the new coalition government including some important Menshevik and socialist revolutionary leaders. However the Bolsheviks did not join. ...read more.


This outraged the Liberals as they thought it would be the first step towards the break-up of Russia. This problem combined with the problem of the army and the land meant that a huge group of people were upset/angry by the decisions of the government. This was potentially a great problem especially if the soldiers, peasants, and the national minorities united. Fourthly the deteriorating economic situation in Russia was another reason for the overthrow of the Provisional government in the October revolution. Food shortages, unemployment, and high prices were a huge factor in bringing about the February revolution. This meant that if these problems carried on there was likely to be a second revolution. Workers were affected hugely by this as the shortages of fuel and raw materials led to factories cutting output or closing or laying off work, this led to inflation. Also food shortages were a problem as grain was not getting in from the countryside and the peasants were being extremely uncooperative. The governments sent out requisitioning brigades to the countryside to get grain however this just made the peasants more hostile. Furthermore as all the resources were channeled to the army as the war was still going on, disagreements between workers and employers increased. ...read more.


or a 'main reason' that led to the overthrow of the Provisional Government in the October revolution because it was many factors combined that resulted in the revolution. There was a revolution because so many groups (workers, soldiers, peasants, and national minorities) were united under the leadership of the Bolsheviks to fight and overthrow the government. The war was not the main reason however it was a significant reason as it could be argued that if there had been no war that there may not have been as many food shortages as the peasants who were previously soldiers could have returned back to the country and grown more crops. Also it could be argued that the war was the main reason for conflicting opinions in the government anyway and without a united government the provisional government was doomed from the beginning. However many of the other reasons such as the Kornilov affair could be said to have been the main reason as maybe if it hadn't happened Kerensky would not have lost so much support. So I think that the continuation of the war was quite significant in causing the downfall of the Provisional Government however it was not the main reason as without all of the other factors I doubt that the revolution would have happened at that time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    These two things acted together to help the Bolsheviks into power. The Bolsheviks wouldn't have got power if the Provisional Government had been unpopular on its own, or if the Bolsheviks had been strong without a weak government already in place.

  2. How far was the First World War the main cause of the fall of ...

    Although this demand was supported by some of the generals, and by Britain and France, Nicholas refused to make any concessions to the Progressive Bloc.

  1. "The first world war was the result of long-standing rivalries between the great powers". ...

    In terms of the time period covered, it would struggle to stand as long-standing. Although, because the rivalry was so intense; it exacerbated tensions between Britain and Germany to a great degree in a relatively short period of time. This created the same friction as would have been created had a less intense rivalry sprung up a few decades beforehand.

  2. Free essay

    What Were the Causes of the 1905 Revolution? Why did the Revolution Fail to ...

    The marchers were completely peaceful in their protests and showed this by carrying icons of the Tsar, whilst marching. The marchers simply wanted the Tsar to meet their requests of: * Reducing a working day to eight hours * Minimum wage of a rouble a day * The abolishment of overtime * A constitutional reform put into power.

  1. The Russian Revolution of October 1917 was potentially the most politically formative event of ...

    western governments for the revolutionary regime".2 A further example of icy relations between Russia and the West, and with it the very beginnings of the formation of Churchill's 'Iron Curtain' can be seen in the Nazi-Soviet pact of 1939. It was founded in lieu of three important treatises which saw

  2. "The First World War was the result of a badly mismanaged Balkan Crisis in ...

    dealt with controlling the Straits which were vital for Russian trade and her status as a European power. And their duty as a "Slav brother" was to liberate the Balkan Christians from Turkish oppression and create their respective independent Slav states under Russia's control.

  1. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917 mainly because of the ...

    by this time the Provisional government had very little power of its own. Trotsky was leader of the Soviets, and Lenin was convinced that it was the time to stage a revolution and so Trotsky and Lenin implemented the plans to seize power.

  2. Assess the view that the failures of the provisional government were the main factors ...

    themselves ?It was against this background of rapid uneven radicalisation of the masses that the struggle for political power unfolded. As early as June, Lenin felt sufficiently confident to tell the first All-Russian Congress of Soviets that his party was willing to take state power alone.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work