• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was Lenin a Red Tsar?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Was Lenin a Red Tsar For hundreds of years, Russia had been under the rule of the Tsarist regime in which they were given the right to rule by God and had absolute power. In this period the Tsars had sat on their laurels and allowed Russia to get into a backwards, agricultural and generally a weak country that was not living up to its full potential. This however all changed when the February revolution of 1917 occurred in which from the ranks of the Bolsheviks Lenin arose to become the leader of the new and improved Red State. To determine whether or not Lenin rulings were enough to make him a ?Red Tsar?, the similarities between the two regimes need to be addressed. There are many similarities from that of the rulings of the tsars to the way that Lenin ruled communist Russia, for one thing both Lenin and the Tsars believed that they had been elated to this position from a higher power, Lenin ...read more.


Another aspect which both regimes shared is that both generally repressed the forming of other political parties and general freedom of speech of the people, although Alexander the 2nd did take out a reform that allowed the formation of the zemstva, it did not have the effects that it should have had on the people as it still enabled Alexander to have all the power and so in this aspect it failed, however it was the closest Russia came throughout all the rulings of the tsars and Lenin to be a democratic state. Nicholas the 2nd and Alexander the 3rd also repressed the people in if anything a greater degree which started to lead to a more and more resentful working class, however Nicholas did pass the October manifesto in 1906 which allowed the formation of opposition parties this made little difference to the power structure in place as Nicholas still retained power thanks to article 87 of the manifesto, however it was an important historical step for Russia as it was the first time in the whole of the Tsarist regime where political parties were allowed. ...read more.


During Lenin?s rule the major reforms to have passed allowed the peasants were their own land. Increased Literacy rates from 25% to around 65% (at the time of Lenin?s death). Under the tsars peasants mainly worked on land owned by aristocrats and Women were considered the chattel of their husbands, could not vote, could not go to university, cold not initiate divorce, and could not have an abortion. Under Lenin they could do all of these things. The philosophy of both rulings also shows the major differences, Lenin believed in his slightly altered version of Marxism (Leninism) whereas the tsars had no such philosophy and ruled from their god given right. This in itself is proof against the fact that Lenin was a red tsar as Leninism itself is to do with the betterment of the state. The tsarist regime not so much. To answer the question, no, I do not think that Lenin was a red tsar. The transformation of the country under Lenin was rapid and dramatic, and was not simply replacing one form of authoritarian despot for another. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    Because of this, all of the problems and shortages in Russia continued and got worse and worse. The Provisional Government looked weak and ineffective and the people started to look for a new government. They found the Bolsheviks. However, it was the First World War that made this worse for the Provisional Government.

  2. To what extent can Lenin be considered the begetter of Stalinism? Frank Carson - ...

    A converse break between the two leaders emerges here however, as Stalin's purges in the 30's rid the party of Lenin's Bolshevik elite almost completely. Of the 1 966 party members who attended the XVIIth party congress, 1 108 were executed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work