• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was Mussolini all-powerful?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was Mussolini all-powerful? By 1929, Mussolini had managed to consolidate his power and secure his personal dictatorship. After 1922, fascism's direction became more closely associated with Mussolinism and this took priority over fascistising Italy. Mussolini appeared to have control of various groups in society, but others, like the Catholic Church, remained beyond his reach despite appearing to collaborate with the Duce and approve of his regime. Was Mussolini really all powerful? Mussolini significantly reduced the role of the PNF in Italian society, and got rid of the more radical fascists who posed a threat to him. His first battle for supreme leadership was fought with his own fascist party. In early 1923, Mussolini conducted a purge of the PNF, removing those who did not accept his authority. In a bid to reduce the power of the more radical fascists, he disbanded the Fascist squads and recruited the members into the MVSN, a state-controlled Militia. In doing this, he not only reduced the influence of the squadristi and more radical elements of his party but also eliminated any possible threat of a rival to him emerging. ...read more.

Middle

Mussolini abolished Cabinet and eventually Parliament, and basically dominated Italian political institutions. The old liberal structure of government was reorganised and brought under fascist control - control of the Duce. This meant that all legislation had to be approved by the Duce, and made the political institutions in Italy lame ducks as they had no real power. Mussolini was able to dominate many areas of Italian society, and dictate what society should be like. Mussolini manipulated the courts and the presence of OVRA meant that opposition to his regime was virtually impossible. Those who attempted to oppose Mussolini were caught between repression and genuine enthusiasm felt for the Duce. Many Italians chose not to oppose Mussolini as it would hinder their careers; they appeared to support the Duce as this was advantageous to them. If they opposed, their career prospects would be seriously limited and it would be difficult to live normally as they would face discrimination, as no boss wanted to employ people who had showed outward oppostition to the regime, as this would make it appear that they too were anti-Mussolini. ...read more.

Conclusion

Though they did have an alliance of interests which gave Mussolini considerable freedom of action for some time. The delicate balance of the relationships between the state and these institutions could easily be disrupted. If it was disrupted, Mussolini would be expose and the shallow roots of his dominance would be revealed, as happened in the late 1930s. Mussolini's regime also carried huge expectations. Any inability of Mussolini to satisfy these expectations he had raised would cause opposition to his regime. In conclusion, though it did appear that Mussolini controlled all areas of Italian society, he was not all-powerful. The appearance of Mussolini's regime as totalitarian is a misconception, as is revealed by the underlying realities of his rule. The all-seeing and energetic Duce who lived for his country, was actually fast asleep while the lights in his study burned deep into the night as a public display of his ferocious will. The apparent power of the dictator rested on the appearance and impression of control over Italian society, a lie which would be exposed when disappointment and disaster that hit Italy in the late 1930s would expose the inadequacies of his ideology and his personal rule. Mussolini appeared to be all-powerful, but this was not the reality. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. "Mussolini was an all powerful dictator" - How accurate is this statement?

    Consequently Mussolini survived the crisis and stayed in power and continued his repressive violence especially against political opponents such as the Rosselli brothers who were assassinated by fascists who were sent after them by Mussolini. Then finally he introduced the Legge Fascistissime decree which meant that all opposition parties and

  2. Explain how Mussolini was able both to obtain office and to consolidate his power ...

    of preventing the looting and discord, and it was Mussolini's shared contempt for the government's policy against the strikes that led him to be revered and supported by property owners in general as a guarantor of law and order, and he himself made it known that his aim was to "rescue Italy from feeble government".

  1. Soviet history - The Purge.

    Smirnov, a party member since 1896, for having advocated ideas similar to those of Riutin among a small number of old Bolshevik workers in Moscow. Both episodes illustrated that there were limits beyond which many normally pro-Stalin police officials and Politburo members still were not willing to go.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    Maybe if Kerensky had called a constituent assembly then the Bolshevik wouldn't have seized power so easily An analysis of the power structure in Russia between February 1917 and October 1917 The February revolution in Russia in 1917 was a spontaneous event caused by rioting, which at the start, was

  1. Was Mussolini an all powerful dictator?

    The party seemed to become less and less important whilst Mussolini became more powerful. Mussolini used members of the party to centralise it such as Farinacci, and dismissed him once he had done this to prevent him becoming too powerful. This can be seen as something typical from a dictator.

  2. How Successfully did Mussolini Consolidate Fascist Power between 1922 and 1925?

    the Fascists more in his take-over; this could have resulted in Mussolini not gaining personal dictatorship by 1925 or consolidating Fascist power. The way in which Mussolini relied on others to project him to power would be a consistent factor in his rise to a dictatorship.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work