• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was Roosevelt's foreign policy a success or failure

Extracts from this document...


Was Roosevelt's foreign policy a success or failure? Roosevelt did many things in his foreign policy including: the building of the Panama Canal, the Spanish - American war. In this essay I will explain the failures and successes and then come up with a conclusion as to whether or not Roosevelt's foreign policy was a success or failure. After Japan showed its strength against Russia the US became distrusting of them; as they were worried about the threat in which Japan showed to the Philippines. However the distrust was mutual and was widened by racial ammonites on the west coast of America. A San Francisco school board ordered that students of oriental descent were to attend a separate school. This 'yellow peril' as it was known in 1906 caused relations between US and Japan to become sour. Japanese government protested and eventually Roosevelt managed to change the school boards mind. However this was only after ensuring that Japanese would not issue passports for its labourers. The gentlemen's agreement between Roosevelt and the Japanese government halted the influx of Japanese immigrants. ...read more.


This event is therefore seen as a strength as they gained influence, a greater population and harbours. Another failure of Roosevelt's foreign policy is the building of the Panama Canal. Negotiations for a canal began in 1815 between Britain and America. The canal would be beneficial to America as it would allow them to travel from the East to the West coast without having to go around South America. However Britain pulled out on he grounds that it forbade fortification. After all negotiations and meetings Roosevelt still faced many obstacles. Between 1881-87 a French company, led by Ferdinand De Lesseps had spent nearly $300 million and 20,000 lives to dig less than a third of the canal through panama. The French company now demanded $ 109 million for work to continue. Yet when the House of Representatives passed the go ahead for the construction of the canal in Nicaragua, where it would be cheaper, the French company lowered its price to $40 million. Though to have built the canal in Nicaragua would have been a disadvantage due to it being in an earthquake zone as well as this it would have made the canal longer. ...read more.


It is morally wrong to meddle in other countries affairs. Finally a second success of Roosevelt's foreign policy was the role America played as an international policeman in Morocco. In March 1905 the French and British were criticised by the German Kaiser which aroused a diplomatic storm of dangerous proportions. Roosevelt felt that America could be affected in any sort of way, and so decided to intervene. He then called an international conference this was when The Act of Algeciras was signed in 1906, which was a way of ensuring independence for Morocco and the Americans managed to benefit as they were guaranteed open door for trade there. The Act of Algeciras provided training and control of Moroccan police by France and Spain. The United States senate ratified the agreement as one that may well have prevented a general war. This event was seen as a success because Roosevelt was appraised for avoiding a world war, and plus he rewarded morocco with independence. Overall Roosevelt's foreign policy was just as successful as unsuccessful. However during numerous situations such as the Columbian revolution Roosevelt made very serious mistakes which in turn resulted in America later on had to face grave dangers such as the attack at Pearl Harbour. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Response to the question

This essay answers the question quite well (before the conclusion) by dealing with several examples of successes and failures: this is necessary because it shows the student is thinking widely and understanding that historians have developed different views on Roosevelt's ...

Read full review

Response to the question

This essay answers the question quite well (before the conclusion) by dealing with several examples of successes and failures: this is necessary because it shows the student is thinking widely and understanding that historians have developed different views on Roosevelt's foreign policy. The student could improve by grouping together all of their arguments that his foreign policy was a success, then grouping all their arguments that it was a failure together as well. This would create a clear contrast between the two interpretations, showing they understand the need to point out both sides of the argument. Most of the introduction is unnecessary: there is no need to say exactly what you are going to do because you will not be marked for it - you will be marked for actually doing it rather than saying you will. It would be better to give an example of one of the failures and one of the successes you will use, because that immediately shows the examiner you can organise your knowledge. That way, if at any point in the essay you're not sure what to write next, you can glance back at your introduction as a guide.

Level of analysis

The main problem with this essay is the lack of analysis - it describes what happened but it doesn't do much to explain why or what the effects were. Almost all of the sixth paragraph describes events that happened, and the student makes it sound as though they are telling a story. Most people would be able to do this, but students stand out when they can explain why it happened and what the effects were, because that shows they have thought about what other events caused it. When the student says "Meanwhile in panama tensions were high...", it sounds like a story, and they spend several sentences talking about details. They could improve by devoting one or two sentences to getting some facts in, then using the next two or three sentences talking about the causes and the effects. However, the student uses statistics well, such as "spent nearly $300 million", which is better than if they had said "spent a lot of money" because it shows they understand what makes a figure large or small. The conclusion does not give both sides of the argument, which is necessary all the way through (see section 1). It isn't enough for the student to say "Overall Roosevelt’s foreign policy was just as successful as unsuccessful." because they haven't said why they think there was an equal split between success and failure. Anyone can make a statement but without evidence there is no point. This sentence also seems pointless because in the next sentence the student argues the opposite by suggesting it was mostly a failure. Always leave a minute at the end to re-read and make sure you aren't arguing one thing then arguing the opposite.

Quality of writing

On the whole, spelling, grammar and punctuation are good, but there are some mistakes - "tabocoo" should be "tobacco", for example. It is better for you if the examiner spends time marking you on the quality of your knowledge rather than working out what you are trying to say, so always proof-read. The essay makes good use of words such as "however", which are useful because they leave the examiner in no doubt that the student fully understands the need to consider alternative views. They also help the student to organise their information, which stops the essay from appearing confused.

Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by lordharvey 13/04/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the significance of the role of individuals in reducing racial discrimination in the ...

    5 star(s)

    along with the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which gave black Americans the right to vote, and again reduced discrimination; this was a step in the right direction of equality. Further to this Nixon aimed to enforce desegregation in schools as well as helping the like of voting rights, employment discrimination and aid to the poor.

  2. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil ...

    4 star(s)

    leader of CORE in 1966, and as a supporter of Black Power, turned it into a more radical movement than previously. He died in 1991. 38 Race Relations in the USA 1863-1980 p.157 - Sanders, 2006 39 Stokely Carmichael in The New York Times - June, 1966 40 The Congress


    the stability of just 1% of the banks - which was a precarious situation (a Crash could see almost half of the nation's assets disappearing!). What is more, the lack of regulation in banking meant that the government did not have complete control over the actions of the Federal Reserve Board.

  2. Discuss the influences on Malcolm X and how they helped form his ideology in ...

    and Louise Little. He was born in 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His father was a Garveyite (Black Nationalists that were led by Marcus Garvey) who believed in independent economic action for the blacks. Many a times Malcolm in his early age would be taken by his father to meetings held by the Garvey UNIA.

  1. To what extent does a fear of Communism explain the changes in American policy ...

    These changes are evidence of the increased xenophobia within America as they show the extent that the Americans went to in order to rid the country of foreign culture. However, despite the discrimination against the Germans, many other immigrants were targeted.

  2. Lincoln vs. Davis in the Civil War

    Foreign support would never be realised by the South. Lincoln was far superior in this regard as he managed to engaged the North in a state of total war. In terms of strategy, both presidents were effective. Lincoln preferred to guide military policy from the background and seldom overruled or defined military objectives for his generals.

  1. What lay behind the horrors of the slave trade.

    There are mostly black traders who is either resting or they are ordering the black slaves around. Threw is also a child who is looking at what all the people are doing.

  2. How successful was Roosevelt in delivering relief, recovery and reform during the New Deal?

    Regardless of this and further attempts to reduce unemployment, relief measures appeared to be nothing more than a short-term work occupation for some unemployed people. In the period between 1933 and 1935, many citizens covered by the relief programmes hoped that the federal government would take more responsibilities, also providing long-term employment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work