• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was The German Defeat on The Western Front Caused by the Failure of the Schlieffen Plan?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

James Ireland History Coursework Dr. Hill Task: Was The German Defeat on The Western Front Caused by the Failure of the Schlieffen Plan? One cause of the failure of Germanys on the Western Front in the First World War was the failure of the Schlieffen plan. The Schlieffen plan aimed to take and capture France within six weeks of the start of the attack. They wanted to attack through Belgium and Verdun and defend Alsace and Lorraine from the French counter attack. However the plan ended up attacking in four groups south of the original planned attack and north of the planned attack on Verdun. They wanted the plan over in six weeks as they felt that this was how long it would take Russian to arm and transport all there troops. Due to the failure of the plan the Russians were equipped quick enough and attacking the east of Germany casing another front and forcing the Germans to defend their country on two fronts. This dispersed there troops across two places and therefore no one place was stronger than the other causing a halt in the war. This then caused trench warfare which slowed the war down and then Germany started to loose troops and money. ...read more.

Middle

This was the worst consequence during the war as the Americans were also supplying ammunition to the Germans so when they entered on the side of the allies the Germans lost the supply of the Americans. Another cause for the failure of Germany on the western front was the introduction of America in the war. The Americans had a very large army and was a very rich country so when they came in on the sides of the allies there was a new balance of fresh troops to strengthen the forces at both fronts and also financial security. The Germans were at a loss after America joined as they now had 3 large powers 2 fight against where as before there was only France and Britain with the Russians on the eastern front. This was a long term cause as it still took a long time from when America joined the war for Germany to declare defeat. Another cause of the failure of the Germans on the western front was the string of heavy defeats suffered throughout the war. With these defeats the morale of the German people and the German forces dropped dramatically as it became more and more clear that the war was on a downward slope towards defeat and that is not what the people of Germany wanted. ...read more.

Conclusion

However this made them extremely tired and as morale was so low because so much was asked they refused to fight anymore and instead of going through with the offensive they looted all of the British possessions and returned home ending the offensive in great embarrassment to the Germans. In conclusion I feel that although the failure of the Schlieffen plan was important in the defeat of Germany on the western front it was not the only cause for it. There were a number of long term causes including the allied sea power, the failure of the German submarine campaign in the Atlantic ocean, the USA entering the war, the strain of heavy losses and Germany being let down by its allies. There was also one short term cause that helped towards the defeat of the Germans on the western front and that was the Ludendorff offensive. Now the connections between the sources show that the submarine campaign by the Germans in the Atlantic bought USA into the war which was the worst thing that could have happened as America could be the turning point and the decisive element in winning or loosing the war for Germany. The strain of losses also sank German morale which could be seen to have been the reason for the troop's failure in the Ludendorff offensive. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    The tanks also played their part in the war. The new weapon of 1915 was invented and built in Britain by a designer of farm machinery. It was an amour-plated tractor which moved at 6 km/h and was armed with both cannons and machine-guns. When tanks were first used in battle in 1916, the Germans were so scared by the sight that the panicked and fled.

  2. To what extent did the failure of the Schlieffen Plan lead to Germany's defeat ...

    However, they had already left it too late; By 1914 the balance of power was already incredibly equal. Had they decided to launch war five or ten years previously just after the plan had been drawn up, Russia would still be suffering after Japanese defeat and the French had not yet been reorganised.

  1. To what extent did the failure of the Schlieffen Plan cause Germany's defeat on ...

    German Army was weakened to strengthen the Alsace-Lorraine defences and guard the Eastern Front where Russia had mobilized much quicker than expected. This meant that the German right-wing was too weak to encircle Paris. Belgium put up significant resistance and had even waterlogged their fields to slow the German advance.

  2. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan - Stalemate.

    * For the front-line soldier, the superiority of defensive power dictated his life. * For the staff officer, this superiority was merely a tactical problem. * The heavier the bombardment to create a whole in enemy lines, the more difficult for the masses of troops and equipment to move across a torn and cratered landscape.

  1. The Marshall Plan.

    Recovery has been seriously retarded by the fact that two years after the close of hostilities a peace settlement with Germany and Austria has not been agreed upon. But even given a more prompt solution of these difficult problems, the rehabilitation of the economic structure of Europe quite evidently will

  2. Was the Battleof Britain a turning point in the defeat of German in World ...

    against 4British divisions. The Blitz began on the7th of September, so marking the end of the Battle of Britain, and the beginning of the bombing raids on London. The Battle of Britain, as Hitler's first defeat, would be considered as changing the course of History.

  1. There are four main factors which affected the final outcome of the war: the ...

    Each fam,ily was given a ration which was stamped when anything was bought. There were heavy fines for those whgo tried to break the rules. Rationing was welcomed by most and even improved the health of poorer people by the ne dof the war.

  2. The Schlieffen Plan and the Reality

    Horses which were used also needed immense supplies of hay and with the roads so cramped the horses also fell tired. This meant that Germany were already behind on supplies and soldiers and slightly behind in the Schlieffen Plan. The Germans were in for a big shock as Russia mobilised and armed its troops quicker than expected.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work