• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was the most important reason for Stalin's accession to power in the USSR by 1929 his skilful use of the 'Lenin Legacy'?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'The most important reason for Stalin's accession to power in the USSR by 1929 was his skilful use of the 'Lenin Legacy''. Explain why you agree or disagree with statement. It will be argued that Stalin's use of the 'Lenin Legacy' was the main reason for his rise to power. The Lenin legacy was his achievements, such as the NEP and the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, and Stalin tried to explain to everybody that he intended to carry it on. His use of the Legacy did help him succeed to a certain extent. At Lenin's funeral, Stalin used the opportunity to set himself up as Lenin's disciple. He vowed that he would carry on his work. This led to popularity for Stalin, as Lenin was adored greatly by his people, and they wanted somebody as great as Lenin to be their leader. Stalin's policy of "socialism in one country" was his belief that the USSR had to build a strong socialist state without the help of other countries. ...read more.

Middle

This is why Zinoviev and Kamenev, two of his opponents, sought his support. He also got rid of radical members of the party, such as students and soldiers, who were likely to support Trotsky. He replaced them with young urban workers who supported Stalin's policies on "socialism in one country" and nationalism. Stalin was able to influence the selection of delegates sent to party congress each year. He packed the congress with his supporters with his supporters, which allowed him to outvote Trotsky at the Thirteenth Congress, and Bukharin to end the NEP. Stalin's opponents also made many mistakes. They all made the false assumption that Stalin wasn't powerful enough to become leader, that "Comrade Card-Index" would never seize power. They all felt secure, and Trotsky's aloofness made him feel that there was no need to act against Stalin. This allowed Stalin to build a stronger power base and become leader. In Lenin's Testament, Stalin was heavily criticised, while Trotsky and Bukharin were praised. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin tricked Trotsky into missing Lenin's funeral, which damaged Trotsky's reputation severely. In 1924 the left-wing contenders, Trotsky, Zinoviev, and Kamenev began to argue amongst themselves. Zinoviev and Kamenev launch a campaign against Trotsky and he decided to fight back. During this, Stalin watched the left-wing fall apart with great satisfaction, all the while pretending to want party unity in honour of Lenin. Once the left wing was out of the way, Stalin turned his attention to the right. In a shock twist, Stalin began to criticise the NEP and support industrialisation. Bukharin defended the NEP, but the Congress, now full of Stalin's supporters, sided with him. Bukharin was outvoted, and the NEP was swept aside. The right wing contenders Bukharin, Tomsky, and Rykov were ousted from their positions of power and Stalin was now the leader of the USSR. To conclude, it seems that Stalin's adaptation of the Lenin Legacy was not as crucial as his positions of power and his opponent's mistakes. However, it did gain him support in the early stages of the struggle over power, and allowed him to continue the building of his power base on his way to succeeding Lenin. Michael Lee 12/08/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. What is Lenin's legacy?

    He eventually led what was soon to be known as the October Revolution. Almost three years of civil war followed. The Red Army emerged victorious, and the Bolsheviks assumed total control of the country. During this period of revolution, war and famine, Lenin demonstrated negligence for the sufferings of his fellow countrymen.

  2. Stalin had fully consolidated his dictorship by 1935."With referene to the years 1929 to ...

    The Trans-Siberian railway, formerly single-track, was now double-tracked. The Second (1933-1937) and the Third (1939-1943) Five Year Plans attempted to pay more attention to the development of the light industries with the production of more consumer goods. As the Plans were carried out, war threat was increasing.

  1. Why did Stalin and not Trotsky emerge as the leader of the USSR by ...

    Stalin was not so concerned with policies and such as he was with getting rid of his former left-wing colleagues. On October 4 all the major opposition leaders replied with a statement admitting violation of Party statutes and pledging disbandment of the opposition, but they could not refrain from repeating their policy criticisms of the Politburo majority.

  2. Links between the two regimes of Lenin and Stalin.

    first instance in which a government undertook a plan to regulate the whole economic life of its country, and to direct its industrial resources towards a uniquely rapid multiplication of the nation's wealth"20. He states that the plans enabled Russia to modernise and transform society´┐Ż, and for the first time ever, an abstract idea was made practical.

  1. Who Was More Important - Lenin Or Stalin?

    Lenin produced the April These despite vast criticism. These began immediately. On the 8th November, all land previously belonging to the Tsar, church and nobles was handed over to the peasants, making previously unused land now usable, created new jobs for the unemployed, and improved the economy of Russia.

  2. How important was war in Lenin's securing and consolidation of power in the USSR.

    On the 3rd April, Lenin finally arrived in Petrograd. He spoke to the Social Democrats the next day and ordered there to be no co-operation with the Provisional Government at all. He remarked that Russia should "not be a parliamentary republic,... but a republic of Soviets of Workers', Agricultural Labourers' and Peasants' Deputies throughout the whole country from top to bottom."

  1. Why was Stalin able to come to power by 1929?

    Stalin continued to eliminate the other leaders by playing them off against each other in the Politburo, using key information he had gathered from being a vital cog in the communist party machine. One could say it is surprising that the rightist Bukharin did not gain power after Lenin?s death.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    By 1941, the USSR had an industrial base which allowed it to withstand the German invasion and then eventually win the war ï this was due to industrial power combined with other factors like Stalin’s leadership. 2. The Soviet economy between 1928-40 probably grew at 5-6% each year.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work