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Was war able to be stopped in the 1930s.

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Introduction

Was war able to be stopped in the 1930s In a decade the world went through a lot of changes. It experienced a global depression and the start of the biggest war the world has ever seen. World War 2. Could this of been avoided. By 1930 the Great Depression was in full swing. Many people all around the world had no money and were searching for answers. For Germany and Italy the answer was found in Fascism. People believed what was needed were strong leaders and direction. For a country with dictatorship war was an easy option, They could conscript the unemployed and increase the economy through the arms industry. If the war could be stopped you have to look for failures in peace process. The first failure was in the east. In 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria in an attempt to capture markets for their goods. ...read more.

Middle

Britain and France did not want to offend Mussolini because he was vital to containing Hitler. It would have been possible to stop him if the Suez Canal had of been closed and cutting his oil supply but American oil companies would not agree. The British navy didn't want to get caught up in the Mediterranean Sea while the Japanese were expanding in the pacific. So the British and French sighed the Hoare-laval pact, which effectively gave Italy most of Abyssinia for nothing. The publics saw this as betrayal and forced limited Sanctions on Italy. Mussolini was offend and sought other ways of expanding. The League of Nations had failed to protect Abyssinia and had lost Italy. Hitler used the Abyssinen crises to his advantage and sent troops in to the Rhineland. This was in violation of the Treaty of Versailles and the treaty of Locarno but the French did nothing. ...read more.

Conclusion

It had growing strength in both countries and if it were taken up would mean the end of Britain aristocracy. This frightened upper society and Hitler was seen as a barrier. The second Anschluss with Austria came in March 1938. Chamberlain appeased the actions of Germany hopping this would be there last expansion. It wasn't and they had failed to let Austria remain a free country. This gave Hitler increased confidence. The Czechoslovakian crisis was the height of appeasement. Hitler wanted Sudetenland (a German speaking part of Czechoslovakia.) The Czechs offered it independence but that was not what Hitler wanted. Last minute crisis talks were held to avert war. It was called the Munich conference. The Czechoslovakia's fate was decided with out them even being there. They were to hand over the Sudetenland and all there western defences. On the 15th of March Hitler took over the rest of Czechoslovakia. He was exposed as a lire and the appeasement policy ended. ...read more.

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