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Were the people of Russia better off with Lenin or the Tsar?

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Were the people of Russia better off with Lenin or the Tsar? The beginning of the 20th century saw a great change in the political structure of Russia. A country once lead under an autocracy leadership was suddenly changed into a communist state over night. Dictatorship and communism are at separate ends of the political spectrum but as this study so clearly shows both involve the oppression of society and a strict regime in which people are unable to voice there opinions without vicious threats and action from the government. In 1894 the Tsar Nicholas 2nd was crowned. He was to start an autocracy leadership in which he ruled alone. The Tsar had great support from the Catholics because he declared he had divine right therefore meaning he was put on earth by God to rule the people. Consequently they were not susceptible to some of the Tsars discriminations. Also the Nobility who made up just one 1% of the 128 million population owned 25% of the land therefore meaning they had a large amount of power within the country. ...read more.


Although as Russia is so vast it was hard for him to control what people did further away from the capital. There was only one National railway that linked the whole country and that took seven days to travel on and there wasn't much in the way of roads mainly just dirt tracks. Therefore the freedom of people depended on their situation within the country. Lenin showed much more power and control (often using violent measures). He enforced a strict structure to society in order enforce communist ideals. For example if you were to set up your own business you would be shot by the secret police as this was disobeying the state. So both leaders used violence in order to control the people thus creating an oppressed state. Lenin tended to only resort to violence or discrimination when someone opposed the government where as the Tsar particularly discriminated against some groups for no reason e.g. Jews. Although peoples freedom were greatly limited under both leaders. The quality of the economy and lifestyle of people during the Tsars reign was very poor. ...read more.


Both tried to rule the country single-handed and as a result saw wide spread famine and economic collapse. Although it seems to me despite the obvious corruptions in Lenin's leadership (people getting shot for opening up there own business and the destruction of democracy) he did want to turn the country around and he saw that in order to make gains, at the start there would have to be losses. In affect he was trying to repair the damage that the Tsar had done to the country. This was a huge task and I think that before Lenin came to power he had not considered what a huge task it would be. Therefore I see Lenin as someone who was trying to resolve and trying to help a country through a time of crisis and although he made many mistakes I feel he did have the interest of the people at heart. Quite different from the Tsar who caused the problems and made no real attempts to put things right. In conclusion Lenin was a better leader than the Tsar despite not making many improvements to Russia. ...read more.

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