• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Broke the Stalemate Stalemate is the word used to describe the situation on the Western Front from December nineteen fourteen

Extracts from this document...


What Broke the Stalemate? Stalemate is the word used to describe the situation on the Western Front from December nineteen fourteen right through to nineteen eighteen. It appeared to everyone that the war could go on forever and it would be impossible to make a breakthrough on the Western Front, but then from nowhere a series of events followed that broke the stalemate. The question is which one of these events was the key to breaking the stalemate on the Western Front? In my opinion there isn't just one event that broke the stalemate and triggered a breakthrough, it was a collection of two events that wee equally influential. I think the events that broke the stalemate on the Western Front were the blockade of German ports and the Ludendorff Offensive. The Ludendorff Offensive was executed on the twenty first of July. It was a last ditch effort for the Germans to win the war, they figured out that it was an all or nothing gamble, that was worth taking considering the situation they were in. I think the situation they were in affected their decision as the Germany arm was short of supplies and back in Germany the people were starving so it was just a matter of ...read more.


German trade had decreased from $5.9 billion in nineteen fourteen to just $0.9 in nineteen seventeen. I think the other objective of the blockade to stop vital supplies to the German army on the front lines played an important part in the breaking of the stalemate as it meant that the Allied army always had an advantage as they could always get supplies from ports when ever they wanted, whereas Germany's supplies were restricted as they could only arrive by land from Germany and from other countries that didn't need to use the sea to deliver supplies. Although the other aspects all contributed to the stalemate being broken I believe that the most important purpose of the Blockade was to starve German civilians in to submission, as three hundred thousand deaths were related to malnutrition during 1914-18 among civilian population. Also the adults had a meat rationing equivalent to two burgers a week and at one point a third of all pigs had to be slaughtered. I think Germany found it very hard to win the war with everyone at home being starved, because morale and doubt would start to creep into the civilians minds and this made them not support the war effort and resent it. ...read more.


Even though some new weapons like tanks were invented between 1917-18 they played minimal parts in the war and so weren't important. I think overall that the weapons were a reason for the $talemate on the western front so, I can't really see how they helped to break the stalemate on the western front, and I therefore think that they are the least important factor that broke the stalemate. In conclusion I think together the Ludendorff offensive and the Blockade of Germany were equally the most important things that contributed to breaking the stalemate on the western front. This is because they together forced Germany in to making rash decisions that they wouldn't of otherwise. Also they made Germany scared which made them as a nation weaker and thus easier to defeat. I think then that America joining the war helped the most next as without them the allies would have been short of soldiers after Russia's departure, which would have put the allies on the defensive. I think that the new technology and weapons were the least important things that helped to break the stalemate as they helped to cause the stalemate as they were so defensive in the way in which they could be used. A$hley Whitfield ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did a stalemate occur on the Western Front?

    The integral part of this plan was to be sure the 'hammer-swing' would move west of Paris and circle the city from the south. When Paris was trapped, the capital would fall and its rich mining and industrial areas would be under German control.

  2. There are four main factors which affected the final outcome of the war: the ...

    For thew first time in a war civilians were a legitamate target. The British government pulled back fighters to defend Britain from the attacks. Once airdefences improved it became clear that zeppelins were voulnerable. By 1918 speedy, powerfull fighter planes and accurate antiaircraft fire took a heavy toll on these giant aircraft.

  1. Was the USA's entry into the war, the British blockade, Tanks and the German ...

    The tanks showed how successful they could be at the Battle of Cambrai, when British infantry and 400 tanks crashed through the Hindenburg line with great success. The Hindenburg Line, the last and strongest of the German army's defence, consisted of three well-defended trench systems, established in 1917.

  2. Account for the development of stalemate on the Western Front by the end of ...

    many issues that only a strong-minded, committed Chief of General Staff could deal with. Through Germany violating Belgian neutrality, the Great Power established itself as violent and forceful. This was confirmed by German historian, Gerhard Ritter who wrote in the 1960s that "Germany was therefore obliged by purely technical necessities

  1. Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front in 1914 ? How was ...

    The Germans were certain this plan was going to work. They did not have a contingency plan.However the plan did not work though. The Schlieffen Plan failed for a number of reasons. One being that Moltke, the German commander, had altered the balance of the forces so that the right

  2. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan - Stalemate.

    40,000 volunteered ? Initial high standards for enlistment were lowered as labour needs increased during war. * By end of 1914 enlistment numbers had dropped. Galipolli created surge by mid-1915. ? After mid 1915, recruitment became a problem for the government as the grim reality of modern warfare hit home

  1. Sclieffen Plan &There were 4 main reasons 'why the stalemate on the Western front ...

    Also they were supplying Britain and France which enabled them to carry on fighting. This broke the German spirit. The blockading of German meant that supplies for ammunition and food were very low. This meant that Germany was falling further and further behind in technology.

  2. Why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken

    The Germans attacked and destroyed many American ships. In 1917 Germany sent Mexico a telegraph that has been referred to as the Zimmermann telegraph. The Zimmermann telegraph was a message to the Mexican saying to attack America. If they did this then Germany would give them Texas once they invaded America.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work