• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956 and 1968?

Extracts from this document...


History GCSE Coursework Candidate Name: Candidate Number: Vietnam Post 1939 Assignment 2 What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956 and 1968? From 1956 to 1968, and beyond, different tactics were used by both sides in an effort to win the war. Although the tactics used by both sides were different, they had the same objective in mind, which was to win the war, and these tactics can be linked together. A well remembered tactic that came out of the war was Guerrilla tactics. This consisted of the Viet Cong using hit and run attacks as well as ambushes to damage the U.S forces, and was decisive in them winning the war. The Viet Cong used Guerrilla tactics as they simply could not go head to head in conventional warfare with the much stronger and technologically advanced American army, and it suited them, as they knew their terrain much better than America. Many Americans were injured or killed by Guerrilla tactics showing its effectiveness. Although it was a very useful tactic for a weak nation, the Viet Cong were unable to take control of the major cities, and came out of the war with a much greater number of casualties. ...read more.


tortured or killed. America simply did not know how to win the 'hearts and minds', and this was a major factor in their inability to control the war. Torture and interrogation was used by both America and the Viet Cong to gather intelligence of the enemy's whereabouts and to discover traitors. America set up 'Operation Phoenix', aiming to capture and interrogate 3,000 Viet Cong per month. This tactic could be used to find out where villages allegiances were, and to find out whether a village had been taken over by propaganda or force. America's target of 3,000 Viet Cong a month was unrealistic. This tactic links in as a reason why 'hearts and minds' did not work. Torture and interrogation worked better for the Viet Cong, as they would be more likely to know who's 'sleeping with the enemy'. Torture and interrogation did not provide reliable intelligence to America and often, innocent Vietnamese were killed in revenge for lost comrades. Surgical bombing was first used in 'Operation Rolling Thunder', in which it was used to destroy selected targets, usually roads, bridges and barracks. America thought this tactic would demoralise the Vietnamese. ...read more.


It can also be seen as unsuccessful as America still could not get a stronghold on the war, and massacres on innocent people like at 'My Lai' were transmitted to the West through the media, which resulted in more anti-war protests. 'Search and destroy' links in with another tactic, 'high body count'. American Generals thought that the war would be won by killing everything in site, because eventually everything would be wiped out, therefore insisted on putting the tactic 'high body count' into action. Unfortunately for America, the Viet Cong were willing to suffer great losses. 'High body count' was not effective as soldiers and Generals would exaggerate kills, so the exact number of kills could not be pinpointed. From the pro-war American view, it was effective as many Vietnamese were killed. The native's of both countries had a lot to say against the war. In protest, Vietnamese Buddhists burnt themselves alive while praying. In America, the students were causing a rebellion, with marches and demonstrations of their own, in protest against the war. Although many tactic's were used by both sides in the Vietnam War, the most effective tactics used by Vietnam were the guerrilla tactics, and for America it was the 'search and destroy' tactics, due to its ability to wipe out enemy bases in a matter of hours. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Arab-Israeli conflict 1956, 1967 and 1973.

    The war was over before it had even begun. The six day war witnessed the cleverness of the Israelis, both in having attacked first and having used the best from of methods for their military attacks. After bombing all the airfields and taking control of the air, they were safe

  2. American History.

    - The SGA caused people to believe the Second Coming was drawing near and inspired people to try to speed the process by fighting evil through reform. All the sects of the SGA also shared a belief in self-improvement and the formation of organizations to help others convert.

  1. America In Vietnam, 1953-73

    Asia and passed laws which forced the withdrawal of America from the region. 1965 August 7, congress passed the South East Asia resolution granting Johnson considerable power to "take all necessary measures to repel any armed attacks against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression".

  2. The Vietnam War – G.C.S.E. History Coursework

    This source is a speech so immediately I can say it is biased and unreliable but not totally. The ferocity of this source suggests to me that Nixon may fear the power of the AWM. This aggression shows the tension between the previously mentioned "doves" and "hawks".

  1. The Vietnam Conflict and its Effects

    Kennedy provided economic and military aid to South Vietman to prevent the takeover by North Vietnam. At this time, this was still a civil war. The United States were not yet officially involved. The North Vietnamese resented the little intervention by the United Sates and so, three Vietnamese torpedo boats fired on the U.S.

  2. History Coursework on Hammersmith and Fulham

    dropped and 681 serious casualties whilst the borough of Westminster had a total of 125,258kg of bombs dropped and 2,142 serious casualties. This source suggests that Westminster was one of the most severely affected boroughs because they were trying to aim towards the houses of Parliament and also Buckingham Palace.

  1. Describe the ways that propaganda was used to mobilise the minds of the nation ...

    There were many advertising and poster campaigns undertaken by the Ministry of the Interior. These posters were designed to do four things: To raise morale and keep it high; to inflame the nation against the enemy; to make people act in certain ways; to encourage overseas allies to support Britain's war effort and persuade enemies to end the war.

  2. Did the TET offensive (1968) impact the conflict in Vietnam

    It is true that the enemy suffered far more but to an already sceptical US public this mattered little. Uncle Ho, a Vietnamese leader who later became N. Vietnams first president, was recorded saying ?They can send hundreds of thousands, even millions of soldiers; the war can last ten, twenty

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work