• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict? In the Vietnam War the tactics used by both sides were completely different. America wanted a conventional war; this was because they were a superpower well equipped and were not trained to fight a guerilla war. The Vietcong couldn't fight a conventional war because of lack of weapons and no training but they had knowledge of the land terrain to suit them and their tactics, which meant they were suited for a guerilla war. Both these sides used tactics they thought would help them win the war. The Vietcong tactics were based on the guerilla tactics developed by Mao Tse Tung in China. The NLF were organised in small groups of three to ten soldiers and were known as cells. The knowledge they had of each other was limited and therefore if captured and tortured, a soldiers confessions wouldn't harm the NLF much. The NLF would not go into combat unless it outnumbered the enemy and was certain of winning. ...read more.

Middle

Hiding the base areas had always been a high priority for the Vietcong. Now, with American planes everywhere, it was more vital than ever to protect them. In remote jungles there were few problems, but nearer cities and towns it was more difficult. In order to protect their bases from the air strikes the Vietcong built enourmous systems of underground tunnels. The tunnels were not just shelters, they were fighting bases capable of providing support for troops. Even if a village was in enemy controll, the NLF beneath were still able to conduct offensive operations. Even if the American troops found the entrance to the tunnels, which were often boobytrapped if abandoned, they could not go into them as they were often too small for the larger American soldier. In an attempt to disrupt North Vietnamese sea routes used to funnel supplies into the south, Operation Market Time, a joint effort between the U.S Navy and the South Vietnamese Navy commenced. ...read more.

Conclusion

The U.S soldiers found this difficult as the Vietnamese civilians and members of the NLF looked alike and civilians were often killed by mistake. In January,1968, the turning point of the war occured as 84'000 Vietcong guerillas aided by NVA troops launched the Tet Offensive attacking more than one hundred cities and towns throughout South Vietnam. The enemy even attacked the U.S embassy in Saigon in which Vietcong commando's invade the building. The Vietcong were eventually beaten back with losses of 40'000 men but they had proved that the Americans were still not in control of the country, and although they had lost the military battle,they had won a psychological battle. Air forces proved essential for Americas miltary effort in Vietnam, so much so that many air combat innovations occurred over the course of the war. New tactical ideas ranged from search and destroy missions to bombing raids. The Vietcongs tactics were highly successful against the Americans. They would avoid pitched battles against the Americans unless the odd's were clearly in their favour. To counter the American build-up, Vietcong recruitment was stepped up and more North Vietnamese Army troops were infilerated into South Vietnam. James Knight ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Describe the military tactics and weapons used by both the USA and the Vietcong ...

    height of the war, the Cu Chi tunnel sytem streched from the outskirts of Saigon all the way to the Cambodian border; approx. 250km of tunnels! The tunnels had everything to offer for the villagers to live in comfort: kitchens, beds, living areas and dining quarters, planning rooms, ammunition stores, hospital wards and even wells.

  2. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the ...

    They were used against the U.S attack 'operation rolling thunder', which was a huge bombing attack on North Vietnam. The guns were provided by both China and U.S.S.R. This tactic was the demise of 14,000 American planes between 1965 and 1968.

  1. To what extent can it be argued that the use of guerilla warfare tactics ...

    ideals, on occasions this represented an idealism on their part - but on others represented a determination to import their capitalist system regardless of the needs of the country concerned. It is therefore clear as a country should not go to war on their own, unsupported, concerning Vietnam in can

  2. The Vietnam conflict - "Our objective is to create conditions for a favorable settlement ...

    This group, or MAAG as it was called, due to an 85 million dollar per year budget, was able to turn an unorganized and poorly equipped south Vietnamese army into a modern fighting unit. In the economic arena, the U.S.

  1. Describe the tactics used by the U.S and the N.L.F in the Vietnam War. ...

    Napalm is a thick liquid, which usually contains petrol and is used in firebombs and flame-throwers. It cleared the undergrowth, which gave the US more chance of being able to spot the Vietcong from the air. Although, there was one major problem.

  2. What Different Tactics Did Both Sides use in an Attempt to Win the Conflict ...

    * Surface-to-air missiles. Supplied by the Soviet Union, were new and high-tech but not as effective as the older anti-aircraft guns. * Air-to-air missile. There were Soviet Mig-17's and Mig-2 PF fighters. The Vietnamese pilots were highly skilled and held in high regard by their U.S counterparts.

  1. The Tactics used in Vietnam

    Another reason is that the Vietcong knew their surroundings and also the American soldiers had to contend with Vietcong mines and booby traps. These included what was known as a Punji trap, which was a deep hole filled with spikes covered with poison of faeces.

  2. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the ...

    A valid point perhaps, many would react in the same way under similar conditions. Next, when Johnson took over after Kennedy's assassination, he resorted to heavy bombing so that he did not have to risk American lives. There were still 11 months to public elections, and Johnson would never be elected if he were seen to risk American lives.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work