• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is the reason for William Pitts rise to power ?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Pitts Rise To Power The Fox-North Coalition fell in December 1783, after Fox had introduced Edmund Burke's bill to reform the East India Company to gain the patronage he so greatly lacked while the King refused to support him. Fox thought the bill was necessary to save the company from bankruptcy. But what he really wanted was to aid himself. The King was opposed to the bill; when it passed in the House of Commons, he secured its defeat in the House of Lords by threatening to regard anyone who voted for it as his enemy. Following the bill's failure George III dismissed the coalition government and finally entrusted the power to William Pitt, after having offered the position to him three times previously. A constitutional crisis arose when the king dismissed the Fox-North coalition government and named Pitt to replace it. Though faced with a hostile majority in Parliament, Pitt was able to solidify his position in a few months' time. Some historians argue that his success was inevitable given the importance of monarchical power; others argue that the king gambled on Pitt and that both would have failed but for a run of good fortune. ...read more.

Middle

He retained the support of the King, who would not entrust the reins of power to the Fox-North Coalition. He also received the support of the House of Lords, which passed supportive motions, and many messages of support from the country at large, in the form of petitions approving of his appointment which influenced some Members to switch their support to Pitt. At the same time, he was granted the Freedom of the City of London. When he returned from the ceremony to mark this, men of the City pulled Pitt's coach home themselves, as a sign of respect. When passing a Whig club, the coach came under attack from a group of men who tried to assault Pitt. When news of this spread, it was assumed Fox and his associates had tried to bring down Pitt by any means possible this was regarded as dirty play by the fellow Pittites. Pitt gained great popularity with the public at large and was nicknamed Honest and who was seen as a refreshing change from the dishonesty, corruption and lack of principles widely associated with both Fox and North. ...read more.

Conclusion

Great legal wrangling?s ensued, including the examination of every single vote cast, which dragged on for more than a year. Meanwhile, Fox sat for the pocket borough of Tain Burghs. Many saw the dragging out of the result as being unduly vindictive on the part of Pitt and eventually the examinations were abandoned with Fox declared elected. Elsewhere Pitt won a personal triumph when he was elected a Member for the University of Cambridge, a constituency he had long craved and which he would continue to represent for the remainder of his life. In conclusion Pitts rise to power was down to the fact that he was underestimated by the public and predominantly the Fox-North coalition, they believed that he would last past Christmas. Pitt took the political spectrum by storm and hence caused a swing in supporters from the coalition to himself. Pitt also had the backing of the king which significantly aided him and fox soon tried to replicate that same connection but with the prince. Pitts many great policies helped him stay in power as well as his rise to becoming the youngest ever Prime Minister at just age 24. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. 'The support of George III was the most important reason why William Pitt the ...

    Pitt's supreme ability as a politician contributed greatly to his success and longstanding term of office, his dedication led to well informed, impressive speeches- something not due to the king's influence. He also had the example of his father to follow and thus preordained knowledge about aspects of the prime ministerial role.

  2. How and Why Did Pitt Stay in Power for so Long?

    Pitt's country above 'party' approach also looked good compared to the 'Whigs' disagreements between each other. Also, the opposition had links to the previous government that Pitt did not. This was damaging for the opposition because the public thought losing the American colonies was a dark chapter in the country's history and blamed Fox.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work