• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What part did the British navy and the war at sea play in bringing about allied victory.

Extracts from this document...


What part did the British navy and the war at sea play in bringing about allied victory. The British navy and the war at sea was a crucial reason for Britain and her allies winning the First World War. This is because it stopped supplies reaching Germany and prevented an attack by sea on British and French targets by German ships on a large scale. Probably the biggest advantage that the British navy gave the British war effort was that their naval blockade that stopped supplies reaching Germany. This left the German army and civilians starving and extremely short of supplies. 300,000 Germans died from malnutrition as a direct result of the blockade. This would affect the German troops because as well as being starving themselves they would have been hearing how their families and friends at home are suffering, this will lower the German moral. Another example of this the blockades success and contribution to allied victory was that by 1916 the German adult meat ration was reduced to the equivalent of two burgers per week. ...read more.


The allies had many tactics that helped them to defeat the German U-boats such as Q ships, which were merchant ships armed with disguised heavy guns. They fooled the German U-boats in to attacking well-armed targets. Mines were a crucial weapon against the U-boats as they prevented U-boats from using the English Channel and sailing in to British ports, they destroyed more U-boats than any other weapon. A good tactic in preventing the U-boats from sinking merchant ships was the use of convoys with British and US war ships escorting the merchant ships. This reduced the losses of allied shipping by 20 per cent. These convoys were protected by Long-range aircraft, which by the end of the war could protect the convoys and give advanced warnings of any U-boat attacks. These tactics were very effective and by 1917 the British and Americans were producing so many ships that the Germans halted their U-boat campaign. There were a few battles at sea such as in Heligotand where the British scored a clever tactical victory in the North Sea. ...read more.


This lack of major sea battles meant that relatively few deaths were inflicted as a result of the British Navy. Also the British Navy's blockade was not totally effective as supplies could still reach Germany over land. The entry of America can also not be claimed as a direct result of the Navy as their were many factors that contributed to Americas entry, such as Germanys attempt to ally with Mexico and the fact that the Americans were already supplying weapons and loans to the allied nations. Also the sinking of the 'Lusitania' happened in 1915 but the USA did not declare war until April 1917 two years later. So in conclusion the British Navy and the war at sea played a crucial part in bringing about allied victory. The main reason for this was the fact that they managed to blockade the German Supply routes meaning that the German people and the troops were poorly fed and under supplied. It also led the Germans in to a tactic of unrestricted submarine warfare, which led to the sinking of an American passenger ship bringing the USA in to the war. Brendan Thorne 28/04/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. What part did Ronald Reagan play in bringing the Cold War to an end?

    He established the so called Reagan Doctrine, which was the promotion of Western values as being universal, and this was a direct challenge to the Brezhnev Doctrine of the establishment of a Communist state that could not be reversed.4 In 1983 Reagan made the now infamous speech in which he

  2. How important was the war at sea

    German was scared to have battles, as they knew they would be crushed. Their most successful tactic was the U-boat attack. The U-boats seemed to be an unstoppable force. The Germans sank some American ships, notably famous ship called the Lusitania.

  1. The Sinking of the Lusitania A Justifiable Act of War, or an Immoral Attack ...

    Evaluation of Sources The first source that was a crucial part in my analysis was an editorial written by C.L. Droste. The editorial is located in a newspaper published in 1915 in New York, called the Fatherland. This editorial was written to provide a contradicting thesis to the outrage

  2. In 1915 a British Newspaper printed a letter from a 'Lady Reader' who claimed, ...

    The Germans thought they were up against machine-gun fire. The German's Schlieffen Plan had not gone to plan. They had planned to invade France and take Paris via Belgium but had not taken into account the Belgian resistance, which slowed them down and they did not reach Paris in the expected six weeks.

  1. How important was technological innovation compared with other factors in producing allied victory in ...

    The British infantrymen advanced in two deep lines, thus maximising the firepower of the new Enfield rifle which they were armed with. These tactics worked very well against the Russian infantry who had not changed there battlefield tactics for many years, they were still relying on the force of numbers

  2. How important was Haig's tactics on the Western Front in bringing an end to ...

    some would be faster than others and attack in completely disorganised manner. Due to the previous artillery attack failing, the machine guns where still positioned in place and where able to mow down the line of soldiers. It turned out to be a disaster, because Haig was fighting on such

  1. From Triumph to Rebellion - British Losses in Victory.

    into the Ohio valley to challenge French expansion. Washington built a stockade called Fort Necessity and staged an unsuccessful attack on a French detachment.(Lois, 181) The French countered with an assault on Fort Necessity, trapping Washington and his soldiers inside. After a third of them died in the fighting, Washington surrendered.

  2. How important was technological innovation compared with other factors in producing the allied victory ...

    Good leadership was lacking on all sides during the Crimean campaign. The British commander, Lord Raglan, was elected due to his seniority, rather than on merit. As a consequence he was overly cautious, and indecisive. However, apart from the initial failures of Allied strategy, there were no major strategic mistakes on the Allied side as a consequence of bad leadership.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work