• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What part did the British navy and the war at sea play in bringing about allied victory.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What part did the British navy and the war at sea play in bringing about allied victory. The British navy and the war at sea was a crucial reason for Britain and her allies winning the First World War. This is because it stopped supplies reaching Germany and prevented an attack by sea on British and French targets by German ships on a large scale. Probably the biggest advantage that the British navy gave the British war effort was that their naval blockade that stopped supplies reaching Germany. This left the German army and civilians starving and extremely short of supplies. 300,000 Germans died from malnutrition as a direct result of the blockade. This would affect the German troops because as well as being starving themselves they would have been hearing how their families and friends at home are suffering, this will lower the German moral. Another example of this the blockades success and contribution to allied victory was that by 1916 the German adult meat ration was reduced to the equivalent of two burgers per week. ...read more.

Middle

The allies had many tactics that helped them to defeat the German U-boats such as Q ships, which were merchant ships armed with disguised heavy guns. They fooled the German U-boats in to attacking well-armed targets. Mines were a crucial weapon against the U-boats as they prevented U-boats from using the English Channel and sailing in to British ports, they destroyed more U-boats than any other weapon. A good tactic in preventing the U-boats from sinking merchant ships was the use of convoys with British and US war ships escorting the merchant ships. This reduced the losses of allied shipping by 20 per cent. These convoys were protected by Long-range aircraft, which by the end of the war could protect the convoys and give advanced warnings of any U-boat attacks. These tactics were very effective and by 1917 the British and Americans were producing so many ships that the Germans halted their U-boat campaign. There were a few battles at sea such as in Heligotand where the British scored a clever tactical victory in the North Sea. ...read more.

Conclusion

This lack of major sea battles meant that relatively few deaths were inflicted as a result of the British Navy. Also the British Navy's blockade was not totally effective as supplies could still reach Germany over land. The entry of America can also not be claimed as a direct result of the Navy as their were many factors that contributed to Americas entry, such as Germanys attempt to ally with Mexico and the fact that the Americans were already supplying weapons and loans to the allied nations. Also the sinking of the 'Lusitania' happened in 1915 but the USA did not declare war until April 1917 two years later. So in conclusion the British Navy and the war at sea played a crucial part in bringing about allied victory. The main reason for this was the fact that they managed to blockade the German Supply routes meaning that the German people and the troops were poorly fed and under supplied. It also led the Germans in to a tactic of unrestricted submarine warfare, which led to the sinking of an American passenger ship bringing the USA in to the war. Brendan Thorne 28/04/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. What part did Ronald Reagan play in bringing the Cold War to an end?

    He established the so called Reagan Doctrine, which was the promotion of Western values as being universal, and this was a direct challenge to the Brezhnev Doctrine of the establishment of a Communist state that could not be reversed.4 In 1983 Reagan made the now infamous speech in which he

  2. Was the Battle of the Somme the Most Significant Factor in Leading to the ...

    Somme definitely helped, cumulatively with other factors, to deliver the knockout blow in 1918. The main hope that Germany had of winning a war on two fronts3 lay with the Schlieffen Plan. A quick victory in the West would allow Germany to focus all her attention in the East.

  1. How important was Haig's tactics on the Western Front in bringing an end to ...

    This event might well be considered the most important reason for the United States entering the war, which ultimately brought about the allies' victory. For this reason we must consider the U-boat campaign relevant to the outcome of the war, not because of its success but because of its fatal error, the sinking of this ship.

  2. The great Patriotic war - From incompetence to victory.

    The combination of French and British appeasement, U.S. isolationism, and ignoring Soviet proposals had the effect of leaving the leadership of the anti-Nazi struggle to the USSR by default, and they knew it.v Stalin certainly did not help matters when he prohibited precautionary measures directed towards a more defensive disposition of the Soviet troops that could not have provoked Hitler.

  1. How important was the war at sea

    German was scared to have battles, as they knew they would be crushed. Their most successful tactic was the U-boat attack. The U-boats seemed to be an unstoppable force. The Germans sank some American ships, notably famous ship called the Lusitania.

  2. The Sinking of the Lusitania A Justifiable Act of War, or an Immoral Attack ...

    He requested that the U.S. declare war against our evident foes. "Must we sit down like dogs and see our laws defied?" (Watterson, 3) He questions the President's authority when he declared that the U.S. government would hold the German government to strict accountability if the German's war zone avowal resulted in the loss of one single American.

  1. In 1915 a British Newspaper printed a letter from a 'Lady Reader' who claimed, ...

    It shows a picture of British fishermen with half of their hair shaved off being jeered at by Germans. Another was of a German sister (right) who poured water on the ground before a wounded British soldier. Underneath it says "There is no woman in Britain who would do it.

  2. How important was technological innovation compared with other factors in producing allied victory in ...

    The British infantrymen advanced in two deep lines, thus maximising the firepower of the new Enfield rifle which they were armed with. These tactics worked very well against the Russian infantry who had not changed there battlefield tactics for many years, they were still relying on the force of numbers

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work