• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What steps did the Bolsheviks take to try and survive and consolidate their power in the year following the October Revolution?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What steps did the Bolsheviks take to try and survive and consolidate their power in the year following the October Revolution? When the Bolsheviks seized power in October 1917 they took control of Petrograd, with Moscow falling a few weeks later. However gaining control of the rest of the country was to prove a more difficult task. They faced external and internal threats, which were linked, and posed a serious danger to the very survival of the revolution. At the beginning of 1918 three particularly urgent questions confronted the new regime. First - how were the Bolsheviks, in view of their meagre military resources, to extend their control over the nation at large? Second - how could they achieve a speedy end to the war and effect a rapid withdrawal of the German army, which was currently occupying the greater part of Western Russia? Third - how quickly, if at all, would they be able to bring economic stability to a Russia devastated by four years of war and internal upheaval? ...read more.

Middle

However in doing this Lenin caused a great number of people to be aggrieved, especially the Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries and thus with an impending Civil War, Lenin had to remove the external threat, so to concentrate on the internal one and hence the two are linked. The external threat was that of Germany and her allies in the First World War. The Russian army was disintegrating, morale plummeted, and they were in no fit state to carry on with the fighting. Lenin's pragmatism shone through and realised that Bolshevik consolidation would be extremely difficult to achieve whilst the war was raging on. He did not want the Bolsheviks to suffer the same fate as the Provisional Government and so needed to end Russian involvement in the First World War quickly. Peace was made in the Treaty of Brest Litovsk 1918, which cost Russia vast expanses of her territory including Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Finland and the Ukraine. ...read more.

Conclusion

logic demanded that in the Bolshevik treatment of the peasants the primary consideration must be how best they could be induced or forced into becoming suppliers of adequate quantities of food. Therefore in 1917 the Decree on Land and the Decree on Worker's Control were brought in, to first of all please the mass of the population so the Bolsheviks power would be consolidated and secondly making agriculture and industry more efficient by legitimising practices that had been around since February, for example factories run by the workers. Therefore in conclusion the Bolsheviks faced several problems that seriously jeopardised the revolution, however in Lenin's pragmatism we find the most important reason why they survived because it was his steps, most importantly getting Russia out of World War One, by signing the Treaty of Brest Litovsk, as it allowed them to concentrate on internal distractions, which helped the Bolsheviks to survive their first year and consolidate their power for future years to come. Adam Sivner 821 words ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How important was Lenin to the success of the October 1917 Revolution?

    to important places in his life and statues built in his honour. Although his wife, Krupskaya, wrote in 1924 (after his death), "do not build memorials to him...All of this meant so little to him" this 'cult of Lenin' still existed and he remained important in the years after his death.

  2. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power: 1917 - 1924?

    Workers were given control over the factories where they worked. Again another intelligent move as the Bolshevik's controlled the workers and hence the factories. State control over the economy was imposed and in January 1918 Lenin nationalised the banks and all national debt was repudiated.

  1. How far can the October revolution be considered a popular revolution?

    It was however tolerated by the people, and more specifically by the Petrograd Soviet, which chose not to risk its power over the people and rather act "behind the scenes". So went the infamous system of 'dual government'. However, this situation could not be kept up, as the people soon

  2. The Bolshevik Consolidation of power 1917-21.

    * Peasants recruits were the most unreliable, deserting often. So the Bolsheviks concluded that the most dependable units came from the workers. * Workers units became, in practise, the elite corps within the Red army. * There were some who joined the Red army because they sincerely believed in the

  1. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their rule?

    They were led by former Tsarist officers. Trotsky made sure of their loyalty by putting their families at risk. There were many murders and beatings in what is now known as the Red Terror.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    Tracing the inflation-induced growth of industrial wages during this period, it is possible to see them struggle and gradually fail to keep up with the rising cost of living, despite their almost constant nominal growth. In comparing the wages of workers at five Petrograd factories during the course of 1917,

  1. The Bolshevik Consolidation of Power 1918-21.

    About a square kilometre of land, containing about 45 million people, stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea and including the Ukraine, as handed over to the Germans. Despite Lenin's argument that Russia could offer physical resistance after the three years was with Germany, he still faced great difficulty

  2. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power in 1917 - 21?

    He did this to gain the popular support of the country's industrial workers, by transferring the power and control of the factories he got the industrial working class on his side. The land decree Lenin authorized the seizure of the landlord's agricultural land by transferring it and the control of food production to the peasants.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work