• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was Chartism and why did it fail?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Unit Title: Agitation and Reform in Nineteenth-Century Britain Kayleigh Giles-Johnson ________________ What was Chartism and why did it fail? The Chartist movement originated in the midst of political frustration and economic hardship of nineteenth-century Britain. In this essay we will be looking at Chartism, analysing its purpose and significance, before secondly discussing how Chartism came to fail and some of the reasons that were to blame. Chartism was a working class movement aimed towards political reform from the years 1838-1848, named after the People?s Charter of 1838. It was a result of the many grievances of the working class, most arguably a deep sense of disappointment with the Great Reform Act of 1832 which had failed to deliver the political voice and voting rights they had hoped for, with five out of every six working men still not enfranchised as a result. ...read more.

Middle

Unfortunately O?Connor lacked organizational skills and after the resulting departure of Lovett had to ?contain Chartist advocates of physical force? (Murphy, 2001, p.49). It could also be argued that it failed as a result of lack of middle class support, thanks to the physical force element of the movement. Despite Lovett?s efforts, the once close cooperation of 1831 had now dwindled, with the middle class focusing mainly on their own organisation, the Corn Law League (CLL), which was much more successful in gaining their support (Murphy et al, 2003, p.164). Compared to the CLL, Chartism could not out-do them in terms of financial and organisational strength (Murphy, 2001, p.49). As a result of this loss of support, Chartism found itself with less money to fund its cause. It could also be argued that Chartism was a ?knife and fork, bread and butter question?, as described by Joseph Rayner Stephens in 1838. ...read more.

Conclusion

As a result of the negative reaction to much of the physical force, it lead them to use much more peaceful protesting and campaigning techniques to get their point across in the future, which worked out positively for them in the long run. In conclusion, the idea of Chartism was one that certainly had potential. Had it the correct level of organisation, financial stability and support from more of the public it may have been within reach of accomplishment with positive benefits for the working class. However, despite its failure to obtain any significant results, it did play a part in the gain of a political awareness for the majority of the working class. Reference List 1. Lynch M, (1999), An Introduction to Nineteenth-Century British History 1800-1914, London: Hodder Education 2. Murphy D, (2001), Exam Revision Notes AS/A Level, 19th Century and 20th Century British History, Oxford: Philip Allen Updates 3. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Free essay

    Why, between 1903 and 1914, did the women's suffrage movement fail to achieve its ...

    the higher social classes it was likely that people for the same class to follow them, plus nothing could be change with out parliament say so. The support for the public, different social classes and Parliament held different view so support for the movement varied, as many people held tradition

  2. Charlemagne Essay.

    It took about ten months to assemble forces for a campaign. This problem was compounded by the lack of a standing army. The Regnum Francorum had a largely subsistence economy, there was little fulid wealth. For many campaigns this was not a major problem, since the enemy was defeated decisively

  1. Nell Gwyn (Playhouse Cretaures) essay

    of the gay couple on the Restoration stage entirely to "the talent and popularity of a single actress, Nell Gwyn".[15] The Great Plague of London shut down the Bridges Street theatre, along with most of the city, from the summer of 1665 through the autumn of 1666.

  2. Death is Part of the Process

    James was taller and thinner than his brother. He was good-looking, with the same dark-brown eyes, but his angular face lacked the boyish quality that made Will's face so universally popular, and so instantly recognisable, Alex thought. It was also hard to tell that James was blind in one eye.

  1. Did Chartism fail because lower class unrest was basically a knife and fork question?

    The Chartists main aim was to aid the working classes current situation and in turn the middle class weren't very supportive as they felt that they had almost been deserted and that their existence had eluded the Chartist movement. In 1839 The chartist presented to parliament a petition that was

  2. Reform Chartism

    nation dominated Westminster- however outside parliament Liberal politics had different complexion- more radical flavour * Agriculture returned to prosperity in 1850'ss- landowners continued to thrive- look at list of PM's dominated by landowners * Same parties 1867- Yes * Creation of modern political party * Parties recognised key to success

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work