• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was Chartism and why did it fail?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Unit Title: Agitation and Reform in Nineteenth-Century Britain Kayleigh Giles-Johnson ________________ What was Chartism and why did it fail? The Chartist movement originated in the midst of political frustration and economic hardship of nineteenth-century Britain. In this essay we will be looking at Chartism, analysing its purpose and significance, before secondly discussing how Chartism came to fail and some of the reasons that were to blame. Chartism was a working class movement aimed towards political reform from the years 1838-1848, named after the People?s Charter of 1838. It was a result of the many grievances of the working class, most arguably a deep sense of disappointment with the Great Reform Act of 1832 which had failed to deliver the political voice and voting rights they had hoped for, with five out of every six working men still not enfranchised as a result. ...read more.

Middle

Unfortunately O?Connor lacked organizational skills and after the resulting departure of Lovett had to ?contain Chartist advocates of physical force? (Murphy, 2001, p.49). It could also be argued that it failed as a result of lack of middle class support, thanks to the physical force element of the movement. Despite Lovett?s efforts, the once close cooperation of 1831 had now dwindled, with the middle class focusing mainly on their own organisation, the Corn Law League (CLL), which was much more successful in gaining their support (Murphy et al, 2003, p.164). Compared to the CLL, Chartism could not out-do them in terms of financial and organisational strength (Murphy, 2001, p.49). As a result of this loss of support, Chartism found itself with less money to fund its cause. It could also be argued that Chartism was a ?knife and fork, bread and butter question?, as described by Joseph Rayner Stephens in 1838. ...read more.

Conclusion

As a result of the negative reaction to much of the physical force, it lead them to use much more peaceful protesting and campaigning techniques to get their point across in the future, which worked out positively for them in the long run. In conclusion, the idea of Chartism was one that certainly had potential. Had it the correct level of organisation, financial stability and support from more of the public it may have been within reach of accomplishment with positive benefits for the working class. However, despite its failure to obtain any significant results, it did play a part in the gain of a political awareness for the majority of the working class. Reference List 1. Lynch M, (1999), An Introduction to Nineteenth-Century British History 1800-1914, London: Hodder Education 2. Murphy D, (2001), Exam Revision Notes AS/A Level, 19th Century and 20th Century British History, Oxford: Philip Allen Updates 3. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. "Internal disunity was the main reason for the failure of Chartism"

    Therefore we must look at all the separate viewpoints on the 'failure' and decide how much of a bearing the apparent 'ineptitude' of its leadership had for being a main reason for the failure of Chartism. The issue of whether Chartism was a complete failure is perhaps important in understanding

  2. Reform Chartism

    at borough elections- efficiency of organisation at constituency level- after 1867 * 1867- extension of suffrage so large that old methods of influence no longer applicable- need to connect and meet supporters- Gladstone's Midlothian campaign, Disraeli's one Nation toryism-1880- Pugh states that it is the first modern election- 84% seats

  1. Did Chartism fail because lower class unrest was basically a knife and fork question?

    The Chartists main aim was to aid the working classes current situation and in turn the middle class weren't very supportive as they felt that they had almost been deserted and that their existence had eluded the Chartist movement. In 1839 The chartist presented to parliament a petition that was

  2. Free essay

    Why, between 1903 and 1914, did the women's suffrage movement fail to achieve its ...

    the movement, through some not all of working class women held this view and wanted equality for all women and the working class men. Where upper class women had a very traditional view of women and plus having husbands in high power places meant that was not to be seem supporting group that are lower down on the social ladder.

  1. Nell Gwyn (Playhouse Cretaures) essay

    June 1668 found her in Dryden's An Evening's Love, or The Mock Astrologer, and in July she played in Lacy's The Old Troop. This was a farce about a company of Cavalier soldiers during the English Civil War, based on Lacy's own experiences.

  2. Charlemagne Essay.

    Not every modern historian agrees with Ganshof, though, and it is possible that the freemen levies were more important in the earlier stages of military campaigns that Ganshof argues.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work