• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Was The Impact Of World War I On America?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What Was The Impact Of World War I On America? World War I, from 1914 to 1918, began as a local European war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia on July 28 1914; and was soon transformed into a European war against Russia on August 1 1914. Eventually, it became a global war involving 32 nations. Twenty-eight of these nations, known as the Allies included Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the United States. The opposition (known as the coalition or Central Powers), consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria. The causes of World War I were the intense nationalism that infused Europe throughout the 19th Century and into the early 20th century. The political and economic rivalry among the nations, and the establishment and maintenance in Europe after 1871 contributed to the conflict. When World War I broke out, Woodrow Wilson, the American President at the time, declared America neutral - which many Americans agreed with, despite the vast number of anti-British and pro-German views. As America didn't have an 'individual' identity, it would have been very difficult for the Government to support one side over another without causing a conflict in society. Although, America was neutral, they sent money, munitions and food supplies to Britain and France. It was economically and financially rewarding for America to remain out of the War, as munitions and food were bought from them - improving their economy. ...read more.

Middle

Many African- America immigrants fulfilled these applications, providing them an income, although not sustainable, which allowed people to buy goods that they otherwise may not have been able to afford. This would also have benefited the local economy as more money would have been spent in shops. However, despite all the positive affects of the War, there were a number of negative affects. For example, four million soldiers were de-mobbed in 1919. There was also mass unemployment, as many industries before and during the War had expected high levels of production and so let go of many employees. After the War, these soldiers had difficulty in finding new employment. Likewise, due to the War, prices had doubled, but earnings had barely risen. As a result, people had trouble affording goods and produce. Many workers demanded higher wages in order to combat the price increases, but employers realised that high unemployment gave them a power and influence; and so bosses failed to compromise. A wave of violent strikes went on throughout 1919 as a consequence to this. White Americans believed that they were being deprived of work, or forced to accept lower wages because of the abundancy of cheap labour available in the form of immigrants. There were also many fears of radicalism. The Communist revolution in Russia had been triggered by the War in Europe. In the USA, two Communist parties formed in 1919, where rebels and anarchists began a wave of bomb attacks. ...read more.

Conclusion

The majority of Americana believed immigrants were the cause to all of their problems; which led to widespread intolerance towards foreigners. The migration from the southern rural areas had begun in the 1890's, but reached its peak of an estimated 500,000 African- Americans during the War. This aggravated long-established racial tension between blacks and whites causing conflict and many social problems. As a result, there were many incidents of race riots between 1917 and 1919; - there were riots in 23 cities throughout America. The Black community in particular faced attacks from Whites - a reaction to the discrimination and poor economic circumstances faced by all Americans after the War. In conclusion, the First World War had a negative impact on America. During the War however, America's economy did boom, which could give the impression that they benefited from the War whilst it was taking place. Nether the less, there were more problems caused than were solved. When the War ended in 1918, America's economy declined resulting in mass unemployment of true white Americans, as immigrants provided cheaper labour for employers. This created racial tension and discrimination, resulting in many social problems which all had to face. This led to many race riots and violent strikes - again causing tension and hostility between workers and employers. The views towards immigrants declined leading to the number of immigrants being limited by Harding and the Government. This, together with the customary pain of war and conflict, shows that the War had negative effects on the American public and all those living in America at the time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Assess the impact of the First World War on British society.

    Many women were brought into paid employment for the first time to replace men who were on military duties. There are views that the war brought about huge changes for the role and status of women in work and generally in society.

  2. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * The Austrian High Command was determined to deal with Serbia once and for all and looked for an excuse to crush it by military action. * The opportunity came in 1914, when the Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian throne was due to visit the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo to inspect units of the Austrian army.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    As the IDF withdrew, it did the same in Tyre and Nabatiyya in the south. Just as relative calm was restored to Christian East Beirut, fighting broke out again in West Beirut.

  2. At the end of World War Two America realized that "…the role of an ...

    which poured $13 billion of aid into the region. In addition, the US adopted a policy of "containment," shoring up non-communist areas in danger of encroachment. Thus, when the Soviet Union blockaded all surface routes into Berlin, the US and Britain launched the Berlin Airlift, supplying the western sectors of the city by air.

  1. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    In 1632, Maryland was granted to the CALVERT family as a personal possession, to serve as a refuge for Roman Catholics. Protestants, as well, flooded into the colony, and in 1649 the Toleration Act was issued, guaranteeing freedom of worship in Maryland to all Trinitarian Christians.

  2. The impact of the Second World War on the US economy and society.

    The impact of the war upon black Americans Roosevelt had ordered that blacks should get equal treatment under the New Deal, although in the CCC they had to attend separate camps. The same policy continued during the Second World War.

  1. History of the United States

    power: the securing of the LOUISIANA PURCHASE (1803) from France practically doubled American territory, placing the western boundary of the United States along the base of the Rocky Mountains. In 1811, under Jefferson's successor, James MADISON, the 20- year charter of the Bank of the United States was allowed to lapse, further eroding the Federalists' nationalist program.

  2. Forrest Gump; the Modern Day Fairytale

    He recognised the fact that jus because people were different in looks, didn't mean they were any less of a person. When the black students are going into university, Forrest picks up a dropped book; the protesting crowd around him doesn't lead him, he just carries on as normal.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work