• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the short term impact of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1957?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐What was the short term impact of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1975? The Montgomery bus boycott which was organised by the newly founded Mississippi Improvement Association occurred between 1955 and 1956 and it can be seen that the boycott was a turning point for civil rights; it showed Alabama that African Americans were serious, and willing to go to great lengths for their cause. It has successfully lasted for 381 days, as the Supreme Court had come to the conclusion that the bus segregation was unconstitutional. The success clearly shows the significance of the event, as it would have encouraged the black community to stand up for their rights, however the economic result of the boycott and the backlash from people who had opposed desegregation, could show that the boycott was not in fact significant in the Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks was a dignified and respected women, she was friendly to neighbours and believed strongly in equality. Her attitude and reputation already gave her the moral high ground against opponents. As E.D Nixon said ?nobody could point dirt at her? when she did something people figured it was the right thing to do? (1) the source could be seen biased as E.D Nixon was the president of the Alabama NAACP and Rosa Parks was part of this, however she was respected by many people so what he was saying can be trusted. ...read more.

Middle

King led the SCLC campaign in Albany, Georgia in 1961/2 and in Birmingham, Alabama in 1963, where he gave his famous ?I have a dream? speech which influenced hundreds of thousands of people, and it could be one of the reasons that led to the Civil Rights Act in 1964, which can only be attributed to King?s achievements in his campaigns, as without him and without the publicity and awareness he bought from his speeches the Civil Rights Act may not have come as soon as it did. When Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson succeeded J.F Kennedy he spoke about his ?developed compassion for the courageous struggles of African Americans during the Civil Rights movement?(7) and the way King had influenced him, which led to Johnson passing the Civil Rights Act. King?s efforts after the Bus Boycott shows that he had been able to make everyone aware of the cause in order to change the Civil Rights laws, and that without the Bus Boycott this would not have been possible. However, it could be seen that the Bus Boycott was not that significant as there were many disadvantages that came from it. The success of the Bus Boycott could suggest that the success of the case for bus desegregation was mainly for economic reasons and not in fact for justice and equality for the African Americans. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Freedom Rides achieved its aim in making the Government respond to this hostility as President John F. Kennedy provided federal marshals to help protect the Freedom Riders in the South. This implies that the Freedom Rides was what gained the attention of the government to ensure that segregation was outlawed. Therefore, this shows that the Freedom Rides can be seen as having a bigger impact on Civil Rights than the Montgomery Bus Boycott. In conclusion, I think that the Montgomery Bus Boycott had the biggest significance on the Civil Rights Movement, as due to the boycott, it impacted many events to come which had eventually led to the success of the Civil Rights Act in 1964. I don?t believe it would have been possible for the Civil Rights to have achieved this if it was not for the Civil Rights. As if it was not for the Bus Boycott Martin Luther King would not have emerged and changed the views of many Americans and built momentum for the Black Americans to fight for a change, as it had given them power due to the success of this event. Therefore, the short term impact of the Montgomery Bus Boycott was immense as this was the turning point in the Civil Rights Movement. 2238 words ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    African Americans were able to exercise their new freedoms, and in the run up to his assassination in 1963, Kennedy had begun to draft a Civil Rights Act, which was passed by Johnson in 1964, and which Lyndon B. Johnson followed up with the Voting Rights Bill in 1965.

  2. Describe the impact of the montgomery bus boycott

    It not only showed that violence isn't the only form of direct action, but demonstrated that these people were not the lower class unintelligent people that some whites had previously thought. The boycotters set up their own taxi and car pool services, highlighting how prepared and organised they were, they

  1. Short term impact of Malcolm X

    any Negro who is attacked should fight back"31 again highlighting the fear that many whites felt. However, the organisation failed to create any real change and failed to continue after his death. Furthermore, the methods that he had adopted "seemed negative, irresponsible and unhelpful"32, "it's over tactics of violence vs.

  2. Linguistic Study - Linguistic Analysis of Martin Luther King's 'I Have a Dream', and ...

    Abraham Lincoln also quotes from the Declaration of Independence, stating that America should be dedicated to the proposition that 'all men are created equal' He adopts a conversational tone, 'that all men, yes, black men as well...' to confirm that the term 'all men' includes coloured people as well, as though some of the audience may not think that.

  1. To what extent did the actions of Rosa Parks contribute to the reversal of ...

    Gayle and racial segregation ended on civil buses calling it unconstitutional * Ended december 20, 19563 Contribution of Others Martin Luther King Jr. * Educated, had doctorate in philosophy * Leader of MIA, lead protest * Was young and not well-known at the time * Good candidate because ha had

  2. How far was Martin Luther King's leadership responsible for the gains made by the ...

    Although these decisions were crucial in the fight for total racial equality and the gains made by the civil rights movement, the Supreme Court wouldn?t have been able to make these decisions without the fight from other organisations such as the N.A.A.C.P taking these cases to the court in the first place.

  1. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    Did nothing to end discrimination in housing (even though had promised to do this in election campaign) 4. Black activism pushed Kennedy further and faster than he had intended ? eg ? CR Bill influenced by increasing Southern violence in Birmingham (CR movement more important in initiating change, President reactive rather than proactive)

  2. What was the short term significance of Martin Luther King after the March on ...

    presidential elections taking place on November 3th, which he won with one of the largest landslide victories in American history [4]. An account from a black American called Mr Manley, who participated in the March, further cements the idea that King had a great significance in passing the civil rights bill.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work