• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the significance of the Jameson Raid at the end of 1895?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What was the significance of the Jameson Raid at the end of 1895? 'Partly because of its dramatic qualities, the Jameson Raid has always been assigned a prominent place as a cause of the Anglo-Boer war.'1 However this is not the only significance of The Jameson Raid - it also had important political consequences. Rhodes was forced to resign as Premier of Cape Colony because of his knowledge of the conspiracy; evidence suggests that Joseph Chamberlain knew and approved of the revolt in Johannesburg, if not the actual raid. A Parliamentary Inquiry exonerated Chamberlain from participating in the conspiracy, resulting in what appeared to be a corrupt government and many debates between historians. The Boers exaggerated their ability to deal with British forces and were encouraged by the 'Kruger Telegram' that they had German support in resisting the British. The British, primarily concerned with the strategic Cape Colony, were content to accept two neighboring Boer states until 1886, when the discovery of gold in the Transvaal made Johannesburg a boomtown, larger even than Cape Colony's capital at Cape Town. Prospectors, including British settlers known as "Uitlanders", flocked to the Transvaal. The vast store of gold discovered in the Witwatersrand Reef was more than the world had ever seen. This new development in the Transvaal led to confrontations, such as the infamous Jameson Raid, led by Sir Leander Jameson but encouraged by Joseph Chamberlain and supported by Cecil Rhodes. ...read more.

Middle

The telegram also encouraged the Boers in the mistaken belief that they could expect German aid in case of conflict with Britain. As an eyewitness to events in South Africa, J.A Hobson assembled piles of statistics and corroborating arguments for his view that capitalist interests drove the war. In the Boer War, Rand millionaires such as Cecil Rhodes embodied the general idea that capitalist interests rather than Uitlander grievances were the real cause of the conflict. Hobson believed that Rhodes backed Jameson in an attempt to open the Transvaal to his corporate mining interests. However, the significance of Rhodes does not end there. He remained a key figure for other reasons, for instance, though Rhodes may not have had ultimate control of the Jameson Raid, Rhodes and his associates owned the South African newspaper-publishing network, 'a small confederacy of international financiers working through a kept press'2, and this translated into a great deal of control over British home opinion. Rhodes personal and business sympathies with the Uitlanders in the Transvaal, led him to conspire against the government of Paul Kruger. Although Rhodes did not approve the timing of the raid, he was so clearly implicated that he was forced to resign as Prime Minister in 1896. In 1897 a committee of the British House of Commons pronounced him guilty of grave breaches of duty as prime minister and as administrator of the British South Africa Company. ...read more.

Conclusion

Her only substantial difference from van der Poel is that she did not accept that the Committee of Enquiry was actually fooled by Chamberlain's verbal maneuver. Rather, they were quite aware of the real implications of his sophistry, but discontinued the investigation and allowed the public to believe that Chamberlain was innocent out of patriotism and a desire to avoid further scandal. The result of the Jameson Raid was disastrous: it signified to the rest of the world that Britain had authorized the unprovoked invasion of a foreign state. The raid offended the Orange Free State and the Cape Boers; it confirmed all Kruger's fears about British intentions and he continued to arm heavily. When one looks back in history at imperialist expansion, it appears the consequences of the raid could have been avoided if the responsible minister and his party suffered the ordinary constitutional penalties. When the opposite course was taken, a tragic error had been made. War was not inevitable at this stage, though 'the shielding of Chamberlain had much to do with the coming of war. It left a determined, and temporarily discomfited, imperialist in power. And it aroused in the minds of the Afrikaners a deep suspicion of the Government that he dominated.'6 It could be said that the Jameson raid not only signified a corrupt government but also the beginning of the end of the British Empire. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Moon Landing: Conspiracy or Reality?

    true, would have been possible to survive the space flight to the moon through the Van Allen belt with out any dramatic consequences. Another point of interest for the conspiracy believers is the time lapse between the conversations of the astronauts and the NASA technicians, who were in constant communication.

  2. American History.

    in NE and led to smuggling, (2) it did not really hurt Britain overall as the people it affected (factory workers) had no role in gov't, (3) it did not really hurt France b/c there was already was British blockade on Europe. Its only positive effect was that it encouraged domestic manufacturing.

  1. The Hollywood Ten - House Un-American Activities Committee.

    Following education at Columbia University and the Yale School of Drama, Maltz worked as a playwright for the left-leaning Theatre Union. During the early '30s, many of his plays were produced in New York. He also published his novels and stories.

  2. American Imperialist Ambition

    "George W. Bush ran for president emphasizing some of these themes, describing his approach to foreign policy as "new realism" the focus of American efforts should shift away from Clinton-era preoccupations with nation building, international social work, and the promiscuous use of force, and toward cultivating great-power relations and rebuild the nation's military.(Ikenberry 46)"

  1. Creative Writing - Crossing the Frontier

    She quickly filled a small bag with what remaining food and water she had left. As she stepped out onto the street, it's surface scarred by years of warfare, she realised that Berlin was surrounded, and the only way she was going to get out was to go straight through the Soviet lines.

  2. Was Canadian participation in the Boer

    These were several debates throughout the nation about this issue. Also, Canada was using up their resources making artillery machinery and equipments and then later have to take responsibility of transportation of these goods onto Britain. Moreover, Government had to pay the soldiers, pay for their equipments and training.

  1. Were Contemporaries Correct in Viewing Chamberlain as a Peacemaker?

    1919 May issue of the Daily Herald shows: The child on the source's left hand side is crying because it knows that the treaty will eventually lead to war due to the treaty's points being too harsh. The child is from the 1940 class, and will end up having to

  2. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    Then from England came an upsurge of evangelical Protestantism, led by John Wesley (the eventual founder of the Methodist church; see WESLEY family) and George WHITEFIELD. It sought to combat the new rationalism and foster a revival of enthusiasm in Christian faith and worship.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work