• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the causes of the Korean War (1950-1953)?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What were the causes of the Korean War (1950-1953)? On 25th June 1950, ninety thousand North Korean soldiers invaded South Koreas border defences, The Korean war had begun, this small scale civil war would escalate into an international conflict. Historically Korea had once been a united country, under Japanese rule for between 1905 and 1945 however, the Japanese were unruly and did not treat the Koreans well. At the end of the Second World War it was decided that the country would be divided along the 38th parallel and occupied by soviet troops in the North and American troops in the South. Syngman Rhee, who had spent some years exiled in America, became the president of South Korea in 1948, while Kim Il Sung, having fought for the Russian red army during the war became leader of the Peoples Democratic Republic (Communist) in North Korea. I intent to outline the causes and contributing factors that eventually led to the Korean War. ...read more.

Middle

The USA did not provide an air force for the South Koreans as they too did not want Syngman Rhee to abuse his advantageous position. In 1949, Mao had just led a communist government to victory in a Chinese civil war, leaving the defeated Chinese nationalists in exile on the island of Taiwan (Formosa). This precedent where the Americans failed to stop the spread of Communism resulted in criticism of Truman's apparent soft approach towards the dangers outlined in the domino theory. This may have led to questions being asked as to would the USA intervene if North Korea invaded the South, Truman would now have to take a more stern and uncompromising approach to communism if he was to maintain domestic support and some may argue that the Korean support was an unnecessary token gesture to prove his vigilance and hard-line approach to communism. The Soviet Union adapted a somewhat different approach, Stalin was quite happy for there to be conflict, revolution and war in Asia as it would draw away attention from his plans of ...read more.

Conclusion

There were several short term events and misjudgements that had immediate effects in Korea, In January 1950, the American secretary of state, Dean Acheson made his "Defence Perimeter" speech in witch he failed to include Korea as an area that would have US influence in the event of an invasion. Stalin and the USSR were absent from the UN Security Council in an act of protest against the refusal to allow Communist China into the UN. If it had not been for this the USSR could have prevented UN backing to the Korean War. In Conclusion the real causes of the Korean lie in the wider context of cold war hostility and international relations rather than a civil war in an "Insignificant country". In 1949 It had been revealed that Russia know had the ability to use an atomic bomb, by the 1950's the fear of a third world war or conflict between major powers, the internal suspicions of communism in western politics and the growing reality of a Polarised world led to an increased tension in cold war hostility; Korea was just a venue. Stuart Webber 10/05/2007 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did North Korea invade South Korea in June 1950, and why did USA ...

    A few months later General George Marshall visited Europe and saw poverty and people crying for help and food. So he decided to offer massive US aid exclusively for Europe. The amount offered was around $17 billion in total. The Berlin Blockade is an example of containment working.

  2. Assess the reasons why the USA intervened in Korea 1950 to 1953.

    MacArthur's success forced China to take action against the US/UN force, convinced it sought to destroy it. The Chinese 'volunteers' pushed the US back south, below the line of Seoul. The situation became so dire for the US army that it seriously contemplated the use of nuclear weapons against China.

  1. North Korea and South Korea after the Korean war.

    In reaction the Bush administration stopped oil and other supply shipments to North Korea for its defiance. The North then suspended the UN inspectors who where watching the nuclear program.25 Possibly in retaliation, President Bush in 2002 did damage relations with Korea and inter-Korea relations during his January 29th 2002 state of the union address.

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    confronted with a "political force committed fanatically to the belief that [with the] United States there can be no permanent modus vivendi, that it is desirable and necessary that the internal harmony of our society be broken if Soviet power is to be secure."

  1. To what extent was the Korean conflict of 1950 to 1953 a 'turning point' ...

    This new policy of 'rollback' is evident from the period of 1950 to 1953, during which the USA had increased its military output sevenfold and was in a state of preparedness for war. Believing in the necessity for the US military to outnumber or be on par with the large

  2. A Study of Air Supremacy in the Korean War.

    line of demarcation stabilized at the 38th parallel that they were able to be fully productive. Once the line stabilized infrastructure could be maintained and sustained. At the beginning of the war airfields in Korea were destroyed by both sides in the conflict.

  1. The Korean war and the conflict between North and South.

    The Soviet Union ,basically, declared war on Japan straight after the United States dropped the atom bomb. This was a smart move on the Soviet side, because Japan was almost defeated and they were able to move into Manchuria and North Korea quickly and with much ease.

  2. Korean propaganda during the Second World War and the Korean War had a different ...

    and a general understanding of the circumstances, and strategies of the countries involved. Korea is a country that is not very well known to the general public. Only one specific historical event highlights it; the Korean War. Korea was also deeply involved in the Second World War, although not many

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work