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What were the consequences of Vietnam War for civilians in the years following the U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam?

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Kirsty Singleton 11MG Assignment 1 Question 2 What were the consequences of Vietnam War for civilians in the years following the U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam? Once it was realised by the American's that the Vietnam War was a lost cause, they began the long and arduous task of negotiating a peace deal that, above all, would satisfy the American public. These talks began in the January of 1969, and were not concluded, or at least did not take effect until, the 28th of January 1973. The cease fire should have begun much earlier, in October 1972, but the current president of America, Richard Nixon, was not entirely happy with the proposed deal (which had been agreed in Paris by representatives from the U.S., North Vietnam, South Vietnam and the NLF)which stated that in order for the war to come to an end there would have to be a complete U.S. withdrawal, which would in turn be rewarded with a cease fire and release of all U.S. war hostages, who were currently being kept in Hanoi. The deal also included that both of the current South and North Vietnamese governments would remain in charge until new elections could be set up to unify the whole country. ...read more.


Okay, they didn't quite lose, but they didn't win, and to them, there was no second place in the war, if you hadn't won, you had lost. Incidents like the My Lai massacre, were hundreds of innocent peasants had been brutally killed by American troops, were attempted to be covered up by the military, but it was uncovered by journalists, who encouraged the soldiers to recount their experiences to the public. There was also the drug use, the soldiers in Vietnam had needed to take something to help them cope, heroin and other drugs were the answer for them. Its use was continued when these soldiers returned home, because they brought the nightmares of what they had done, what they had seen in Vietnam, back with them. Heroin was expensive, and these veterans were unable to find the money to supply their own demands, and so turned to crime. But these were just the short time problems, there was the long term to consider. America had spent billions financing South Vietnam during the war, taxes were increased to pay for it, inflation went up and money was made virtually worthless. The soldiers who returned, half a million of them in fact, suffered mental problems as a result of either what they themselves had committed, or what they had seen their own friends do. ...read more.


Thieu fled Vietnam, in the end and that really did signify that the war was over for many. Conclusion For those who had lost their loved ones during the Vietnam war, still, no doubt, bear the emotional scars today. Soldiers, taunted by their deeds, and what they saw still can't cope with normal society today, living in isolation, and using drugs to cope with the pain, both emotional and physical. Their families, broken by the war, will still remember. The physical scars of the war many will still share. Even those who never lived a day through the war, are effected by it. Children were born and are still being born deformed, or with cancer, both American and Vietnamese because of the lasting affects of Agent Orange and Napalm. These agents, Agent Orange in particular damaged the countryside of Vietnam, the farmland was rendered useless and could not grow anything, wildlife was killed. This left the Vietnamese hungry, and in poverty for a long time to come. The use of those chemicals still last today, the Vietnam countryside scarred, and bare. The water supply is infected and much of the land is still unable to bare a harvest. These are the consequences of a war that ended more than 25 years ago, and although no good came of the war, hopefully it will prove a deterrent and that no other event like it shall ever happen again. ...read more.

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