• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Were The Significant Factors That Led To America's Involvement In the Spanish-American War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Alex Day May 2, 2007 What Were The Significant Factors That Led To America's Involvement In the Spanish-American War? In the late 19th century the United States began to dramatically reshape their foreign policies, and they soon found themselves in a bloody war that would shape the future of the country for years to come. When the United States was first created George Washington recommended limited foreign involvement, this all changed in 1823 with the Monroe Doctrine. This document set out the entire western hemisphere as the United States sphere of influence. However, at the time the Unites States did not have the power or the navy to back up this demand, until the late 1880's when support for imperialism began to take off. People began to support imperialism because all other great powers had empires, strategic objectives became important, expanding the foreign market would support the economy, and social Darwinism was applied to nations, which meant that only the countries with the greatest wealth and largest empires would survive. As the 19th century came to a close, the United States saw an opportunity to put the Monroe Doctrine and a new sense of imperialism into action. At the time, Cuba was under going serious change, and was in the middle of a civil war with Spain. In 1895 a war escalated in Cuba to the point that 500, 000 Cubans were put into camps because of the ...read more.

Middle

Godkin who was the editor of the weekly Nation. Godkin frequently spoke out against Hearst and Pulitzer accusing them of gross misrepresentation, deliberate invention and unnecessary recklessness. He said "They were firebrands, tossed into the American crowd in an attempt to ignite a war."13 No matter how much Godkin spoke out against Hearst and Pulitzer, they continued to dominate the American public with their embellished stories and pro war slants. The American public's humanitarian concerns came into play after reading these articles. They soon believed how terrible the Cuban conditions were and began to plead the government to take aggressive steps towards Cuban independence. When the U.S. naval ship, the Maine, exploded in Havana Harbor, the American people, and their government were confused about what had happened and who had done it. Many fingers began to point at Spain, but even if Spain had not committed the crime, the suspicion alone by the American people was enough to push the war envelope a bit further. One of the final peaceful solutions to the problems in Cuba, presented by McKinley, was autonomy. This granted the country the right of self-government, however, a large portion of the Cuban population opposed autonomy and soon riots broke out. The battleship Maine simply arrived in Havana for a "friendly visit" on January 25, 1898 in response to pro-Spanish mobs.14 Suddenly, on the evening of February 15, 1898, at 9:45 PM, the Maine blew up, ...read more.

Conclusion

(New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1995), 5. 2 The Spanish American War, 1898, <http://dhsaphistory.tripod.com /SpanishAmericanWar.html> [May 2, 2007]. 3 Golay, America At War, 13. 4 Ivan Musicant, Empire By Default: The Spanish-American War and the Dawn of the American Century. (New York: Henry and Company, Inc., 1998), 81-83. 5 Frank Burt Freidel, The Splendid Little War. (Toronto: Little, Brown and Company Limited, 1958), 5-8. 6 Wayne Morgan, America's Road To Empire: The War With Spain and Overseas Expansion. (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1968), ix-x. 7 The Spanish American War, [May 2, 2007]. 8 Golay, America At War, 14. 9 The Spanish American War, [May 2, 2007]. 10 Golay, America At War, 7. 11 Irving Werstein, 1898: The Spanish-American War. (New York: Cooper Square Publishers, 1966) 10. 12 Musicant, Empire By Default, 152. 13 Golay, America At War, 12. 14 Freidel, The Splendid Little War, 8. 15 Albert Nofi, The Spanish-American War, 1898. (Conshohocken: Combined Books, Inc. 1996), 42 16 Nofi, The Spanish-American War, 43. 17 Causes of the Spanish American War. <http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/The_Great_Republic_By_the_Master_Historians_Vol_IV/causesof_c.html> [May 2, 2007]. 18 Causes of the Spanish American War, [May 2, 2007]. 19 Nofi, The Spanish-American War, 44. 20 The Spanish American War, [May 2, 2007]. 21 David Goldfield et al, The American Journey: A History of The United States. (Toronto: Prentice-Hall Canada Inc., 2002), 427. 22 Morgan, America's Road To Empire, 14. 23 The Spanish American War, [May 2, 2007]. 24 Goldfield, The American Journey, 430. 25 Goldfield, The American Journey, Appendix A-15 26 Goldfield, The American Journey, 427. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent did the foreign intervention influence the outcome of the Spanish Civil ...

    Consequently, "Multinational corporations in the sterling dollar countries...helped to crush the Spanish Republicans' hopes". On the other hand, the Stalin provided the Republicans with over 1000 aircraft, 200 tanks, 1500 guns and 500 to 5,000 advisers who were ordered by Stalin to "keep out of artillery range".

  2. Introduction to American drama.

    were attempts to turn the economic tide, but by 1938, there were still 11 million people unemployed. Meanwhile in Europe, fascism had taken root in Germany and Italy: Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party had come to power in Germany in 1933, and Mussolini's fascists had imposed a totalitarian regime in Italy.

  1. American History.

    - The Democrats ran Senator Lewis Cass of Michigan and General William Butler of Kentucky [Polk said that once was enough]. Cass had come up w/the idea of popular sovereignty for the territories, but the party platform still held that Congress couldn't interfere w/slavery.

  2. The American Revolution

    This alone was tolerable, but the part which established the act as truly despicable was that the room and board was not to be a public expense, but one imposed on the private citizenry.

  1. &amp;amp;#145;In origins andoutcome, the Spanish Civil War was a Spanish and not a European ...

    The foreign influence on the outbreak of the revolt appears to have been minimal. The history of origins indicates that civil war was a consequence of the deep polarisation in the population. The next phase of the assessment aims to analyse the influence of foreign intervention in the process of the Civil war.

  2. The Spanish Civil War

    de Rivera yet started to turn back under the 2nd Republic (Carr pXXX). Throughout the war and the years preceding it there had been a large increase in anticlerical violence in the Republic, with large numbers of churches burnt and priests killed, especially in Catalonia, accelerating the return of the middle classes to the Church.

  1. Russia: a Century of Upheaval.

    But let us not forget that many of us were alive when the Soviet Union fell, and that, for us, the cold war meant life and death. For if a few things had occurred differently, or if certain situations had not been dealt with as they were, we might never have been born.

  2. What factors have prompted democratisation in Argentina?

    The new President owed the Navy man a favour. After seizing power in the coup of December 1981, General Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri decided that the means as to Argentina's successful, military-ruled future lay in a 'return to the sources,' a return to El Proceso, as formulated at the time of the 1976 coup.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work