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"When did Hitler authorise the undertaking of the Final Solution

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Introduction

"When did Hitler authorise the undertaking of the Final Solution?" Hitler launched operation Barbarossa on 22nd June 1941, which was the attack on the USSR. He was now fighting the war he had always wanted. As German troops penetrated deeper into Russia, special units of police and SS waged an unprecedented campaign of murder against communist officials and Jews. This was the prelude to the holocaust, the logical extermination of all the European Jews. A great deal of controversy surrounds this "Final solution" not least the question of when, but also the process which the genocide decision was made. There are many reasons how and who authorised the undertaking of the "Final Solution" some say it was Hitler and the operation Barbarossa, it also points towards Himmler and Heydrich who were made to come up with a genocide feasibility study. The Wannasee Conference, Operation Reinhard, economic considerations were all other issues to when the undertaking of the Final solution came about, but it is not shown in historian times that Hitler had actually authorised the undertaking of the Final solution even though he was really anti-Semitic there is no proper evidence to him authorising, the undertaking of the final solution. ...read more.

Middle

There is no doubt that by late august the killing of Jews was on a different scale. In June/ July most of the victims were shot individually by firing squad however by August hundreds at a time were forced to lie in or kneel at the edge of a trench which they had often dug themselves before being shot in the back of the head. The surge of the killings in the USSR meant that Hitler had yet decided to kill all of Europe's Jews; historians think Hitler's decision came later. "Everything suggests that there was a decision making process lasting several weeks before the fatal verdict was handed in September" By September 1941 the mass slaughter of Russian Jews was well underway. Himmler and Heydrich was asked by Hitler to come up with a genocide "feasibility study" after all it was illogical to kill Russian Jews and then transport Polish Jews. It can be said that Himmler and Heydrich are as much to do with authorising the undertaking of the final solution once Hitler had asked them to plan genocide. ...read more.

Conclusion

By the end of 1942 Himmler's goal of exterminating all the polish Jews had been largely achieved. Auschwitz which was originally created as camp for Polish prisoners was expanded in to an enormous labour camp. The exact number of Jews who died in the holocaust will never be known... Hitler declared that the killing of Europe's Jews was the most significant work he bequeathed to the German people. This all comes back to "when did Hitler authorise the undertaking of the final solution" there is not much proof of him authorising it, but it came underway when Operation Barbarossa came about. He also had to help through deciding and planning the final solution if Hitler is to blame, Himmler would be equally to be blamed for taking out tasks, but on the other hand Himmler says he ensured that Hitler's orders were carried out. It maybe that Hitler and Himmler, despite their intense anti-Semitic convictions, felt some unease about the mortality of their actions, whether their intense convictions lessen their guilt is a debate which is likely to continue as a longer as there are people on this planet. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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