• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"When did Hitler authorise the undertaking of the Final Solution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"When did Hitler authorise the undertaking of the Final Solution?" Hitler launched operation Barbarossa on 22nd June 1941, which was the attack on the USSR. He was now fighting the war he had always wanted. As German troops penetrated deeper into Russia, special units of police and SS waged an unprecedented campaign of murder against communist officials and Jews. This was the prelude to the holocaust, the logical extermination of all the European Jews. A great deal of controversy surrounds this "Final solution" not least the question of when, but also the process which the genocide decision was made. There are many reasons how and who authorised the undertaking of the "Final Solution" some say it was Hitler and the operation Barbarossa, it also points towards Himmler and Heydrich who were made to come up with a genocide feasibility study. The Wannasee Conference, Operation Reinhard, economic considerations were all other issues to when the undertaking of the Final solution came about, but it is not shown in historian times that Hitler had actually authorised the undertaking of the Final solution even though he was really anti-Semitic there is no proper evidence to him authorising, the undertaking of the final solution. ...read more.

Middle

There is no doubt that by late august the killing of Jews was on a different scale. In June/ July most of the victims were shot individually by firing squad however by August hundreds at a time were forced to lie in or kneel at the edge of a trench which they had often dug themselves before being shot in the back of the head. The surge of the killings in the USSR meant that Hitler had yet decided to kill all of Europe's Jews; historians think Hitler's decision came later. "Everything suggests that there was a decision making process lasting several weeks before the fatal verdict was handed in September" By September 1941 the mass slaughter of Russian Jews was well underway. Himmler and Heydrich was asked by Hitler to come up with a genocide "feasibility study" after all it was illogical to kill Russian Jews and then transport Polish Jews. It can be said that Himmler and Heydrich are as much to do with authorising the undertaking of the final solution once Hitler had asked them to plan genocide. ...read more.

Conclusion

By the end of 1942 Himmler's goal of exterminating all the polish Jews had been largely achieved. Auschwitz which was originally created as camp for Polish prisoners was expanded in to an enormous labour camp. The exact number of Jews who died in the holocaust will never be known... Hitler declared that the killing of Europe's Jews was the most significant work he bequeathed to the German people. This all comes back to "when did Hitler authorise the undertaking of the final solution" there is not much proof of him authorising it, but it came underway when Operation Barbarossa came about. He also had to help through deciding and planning the final solution if Hitler is to blame, Himmler would be equally to be blamed for taking out tasks, but on the other hand Himmler says he ensured that Hitler's orders were carried out. It maybe that Hitler and Himmler, despite their intense anti-Semitic convictions, felt some unease about the mortality of their actions, whether their intense convictions lessen their guilt is a debate which is likely to continue as a longer as there are people on this planet. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust. How valid is this assessment ...

    Strecher, as one of Hitler's earliest followers had a strong idea of what the Nazi leaders wanted to achieve with regards to the persecution of the Jews, and published indoctrinating articles and cartoons such as this one to have an important influential role in anti-Semitism in Germany.

  2. The Holocaust

    Eventually this idea was abandoned because of English opposition. By 1904, Herzl died and under the presidency of David Wolffsohn, it was decided that Palestine was the only place to settle (Cohn-Sherbok, D., 2003, pp 278-280). The First World War had a dramatic effect on the fortunes of Germany.

  1. Leni Riefenstahl The Propagandist or Artist? A Historiographical Debate.

    unique and incomparable glorification of the power and beauty of our movement" * Camera work and original editing style had the purpose of promoting Nazism and deify Hitler. * Susan Sontag suggests that Riefenstahl's films which contain beautifully crafted scenes of * Aryan soldiers lined up in formation and reeling

  2. To What Extent did Commandos contribute to final victory in World War Two

    Brooke (The C-in-C from December 1941) never approved of the Commando policy, thinking it a dangerous drain on infantry battalion quality, and that it deprived divisions of the challenge of maintaining and training their own raiding forces. Ladd argues that this so called leadership drain which many use as an argument against the Commando raiding policy was never as bad as critics made out.

  1. Were the Armenian killings of 1915 a deliberate act of genocide or a justifiable ...

    and the Young Turks*7 should be considered. The effects that these had on Turkey and the minds of the Turkish people are important. Beginning with the initial support of the CUP in the hope of a life better than that under Abdul Hamid II, primarily from the ARF (Armenian Revolution

  2. The Holocaust was the result of Hitlers long held grand design to pursue a ...

    connection to his home nation may influence his evaluations of evidence and overall conclusions. Stating that the holocaust was the result of ?cumulative radicalisation?, Mommsen is undermining Goldhagen?s view that all Germans were ?willing executioners?, perhaps trying to shift the blame from the German nation and placing it upon the effect of circumstance.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    In 1920s NEP Russia, the old and the new sat side by side. Some of the ?new? experimental art forms were not created by committed Communists, but by artists and intellectuals who simply welcomed the initial burst of cultural freedom after 1917.

  2. "The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust" How valid is this assessment ...

    As Himmler ordered his men to act harshly against ?a racially and humanly inferior population? To have such an unwavering tenacious view toward a race of people and view them as ideologically under them just highlights how much the Nazi ideology of race and purity was bombarded into the people

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work