• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Whether a twentieth Century War Was Just and a Holy War.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

R.E. Essay: Whether a twentieth Century War Was Just and a Holy War On 2nd September 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany. Wars are started for many reasons, but can they ever be justified? This essay will analyse whether the factors causing the Second World War were justified. Augstine, a Christian leader in the Middle Ages, devised the Just War Theory. The Christian thinker Thomas Aquinas then adapted this theory, which then formed the basis of the UN conditions for a just war. To assess whether a war is justified the Just War Theory criteria need to be fulfilled. They0 and are shown below: 1.) There must be a just cause. ...read more.

Middle

Britain saw these invasions not only as a threat to those countries but to the rest of Europe and Britain itself. Secondly, the war must be started and controlled by a competent and legal authority, suitably the British government. This implies that wars started by small groups or factions with self-interest are unjust and the authority of the government ids required because the whole country is involved. Parliament should approve it because parliament is representing the people. The war must also be right intention, in this case to avoid the greed and evil nature of Hitler and to promote the fair, democratic rule of Britain and France. The fourth criterion is that the war must be a last resort; it can be argued that Britain and France tried the Policy of Appeasement. ...read more.

Conclusion

A 'Holy War' is a war involving two different religions or races where one type of race tries to convert the other into their religion. There is little evidence to show that the conflict in 1939 was a 'Holy War' as Britain and France were not trying to convert the Germans but were simply acting in self-defence to protect their people. However, there is a religious element in the War, the killings of thousands of Jews by Hitler's Nazi party shows clear discrimination simply because of people and their beliefs. To conclude, in my opinion the Second World War was just as many, if not all of the Just War Theory criterion were met. The war, ending in 1945, does not support the fact that it was a 'Holy War.' Ben Marlow 10SS ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The purpose of my examination of war is to question whether the resort to ...

    the recognition of sovereignty the only way we have of establishing an arena in within which freedom can be fought for and (sometimes) won (Walzer, 89)." I conclude then, that human beings alike sovereignties have basic rights and these rights cannot be violated.

  2. Vietnam War.

    At the same time, he unveiled a new eight-point plan for peace in Vietnam, including a new presidential election to be held in South Vietnam. The Nixon plan was followed by a revised version of a peace plan submitted by the Vietcong in July 1971.

  1. Was the Second World War a Just War or a Holy War?

    putting a stop to Hitler's unjust exploits over her neighbouring countries such as Czechoslovakia and Poland and making him unsuccessful in his wicked mission of conquering Europe. They thought this would avoid a repeat of the First World War so that not another 10 million innocent civilians are killed as a result of mass destruction.

  2. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    Hitler believed that similar tactics could be used against Britain. The Blitz was really intended to break the morale of the British people. If they saw their homes being destroyed and their loved ones being killed, Hitler believed that they would force the government to come to terms with him.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    The Lebanese Army was ripped into sectarian pieces. Army officers and troops entered into combat alongside the warring factions, while others remained under the nominal command of Army Chief Hanna Said. The latter commanded little authority even before the break-up of the army. Still others went home and did not take part in the fighting.

  2. Can the concept of 'total war' be usefully applied to any war earlier than ...

    understanding of 'total war' is one which affects everyone in the combatants' societies. In order to do this I shall first discuss the concept of 'total war', how it developed and show that it does have profound effects on society.

  1. Post-Cold War Realities

    The poverty rate has reached almost 50%, wages have plummeted, life expectancy has declined, crime has skyrocketed, and industry has collapsed. On a political level, the practicing super-presidential nature of the system has produced a version of delegative democracy in which the institutions and rules of presidential democracy are followed;

  2. What are the main features of the 'just war theory'? Examine and comment on ...

    to go to war include the protection for the innocent, the preservation of decent existence and the guarantee of human rights. It was also stated that it must be defensive and not aggressive. The third concept of the just war theory is that there must also be a just intention 'the advancement of good or the avoidance of evil'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work