• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Whether a twentieth Century War Was Just and a Holy War.

Extracts from this document...


R.E. Essay: Whether a twentieth Century War Was Just and a Holy War On 2nd September 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany. Wars are started for many reasons, but can they ever be justified? This essay will analyse whether the factors causing the Second World War were justified. Augstine, a Christian leader in the Middle Ages, devised the Just War Theory. The Christian thinker Thomas Aquinas then adapted this theory, which then formed the basis of the UN conditions for a just war. To assess whether a war is justified the Just War Theory criteria need to be fulfilled. They0 and are shown below: 1.) There must be a just cause. ...read more.


Britain saw these invasions not only as a threat to those countries but to the rest of Europe and Britain itself. Secondly, the war must be started and controlled by a competent and legal authority, suitably the British government. This implies that wars started by small groups or factions with self-interest are unjust and the authority of the government ids required because the whole country is involved. Parliament should approve it because parliament is representing the people. The war must also be right intention, in this case to avoid the greed and evil nature of Hitler and to promote the fair, democratic rule of Britain and France. The fourth criterion is that the war must be a last resort; it can be argued that Britain and France tried the Policy of Appeasement. ...read more.


A 'Holy War' is a war involving two different religions or races where one type of race tries to convert the other into their religion. There is little evidence to show that the conflict in 1939 was a 'Holy War' as Britain and France were not trying to convert the Germans but were simply acting in self-defence to protect their people. However, there is a religious element in the War, the killings of thousands of Jews by Hitler's Nazi party shows clear discrimination simply because of people and their beliefs. To conclude, in my opinion the Second World War was just as many, if not all of the Just War Theory criterion were met. The war, ending in 1945, does not support the fact that it was a 'Holy War.' Ben Marlow 10SS ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Vietnam War.

    With the new year came the resumption of the secret peace meetings in Paris. Sensing progress in the first days, President Nixon ordered a halt to all bombing, mining, and artillery fire in North Vietnam. After six days of conferring, Kissinger and Tho met once again on January 23, 1973,

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    IDF monitored the Lebanese Forces radio network and fired illumination flares from mortars and aircraft to light the area as the LF were operating in the dark. At approximately 8:00 p.m., the Lebanese Forces' liaison officer, said that the Lebanese Forces who had entered the camps had sustained casualties, and the casualties were evacuated from the camps.

  1. Post-Cold War Realities

    providing much needed political and infrastructural support through Uzbekistan, and even developed a surrealistic personal relationship with President Bush. Iran, realizing the benefit of an Afghanistan without the Taliban, mustered up as much support as was domestically possible?i.e. halting the ?Down with America? chant for a week.

  2. Can the History of the Twentieth Century be summed up as the 'Age of ...

    Between 1900 and 2000 there were two main cases of genocide in Europe. The first took place between 1932-1933, when Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, seized privately owned farmland and livestock in the Ukraine, in an attempt to end the loss of support for Soviet influence.

  1. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    during the day and not have to worry about their children at lunchtime. British restaurants were opened to give people cheap meals at lunchtime and in the evening. These were 'off the ration'. Despite all of the government's attempts to ensure that people were treated equally, there was a 'black market' in food.

  2. The purpose of my examination of war is to question whether the resort to ...

    (Walzer, 61-62)." What is common in both the United Nations charter and the legalist paradigm is (1) the idea of defined state or sovereignty and (2) the notion of aggression against such sovereignties. Understanding these two fundamentals of the legalist paradigm, sovereignty and aggression, is essential to understanding why war is just in self defence.

  1. What are the main features of the 'just war theory'? Examine and comment on ...

    It stated that a war should be entered into with no immoral intentions but in the pursuit of peace avoiding unnecessary destruction. Under the theory a war should not be entered into with the deliberate intention of assassinating the leader of the country.

  2. Russia: a Century of Upheaval.

    The Tsar had a council of ministers appointed directly by him, whose job it was to advice him on matters of state. Below them came the civil service, which carried out the decisions made by the Tsar and his ministers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work