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Which factor had the greater impact on Louis XVI's deteriorating position between July of 1791 and August of 1792: the King's failure; or the outbreak of war?

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked 8th December 2015 Which factor had the greater impact on Louis' deteriorating position between July of 1791 and August of 1792: the King's failure; or the outbreak of war? Both the outbreak of war and the King's own failure had an impact on Louis position. However the results of both events differed in their impact on France and the King. Overall the King's own failures, which occurred later and within Paris itself, had the greater impact on his position. The outbreak of war sparked popular belief that the King was an enemy of the revolution and the French Republic. Rumours had existed that Marie Antoinette was, in fact, allied to the Austrians of the Hapsburg Empire since before the revolution even started, meaning it impacted the trust between the King and the people. ...read more.

Middle

Most members of the Legislative Assembly were pro-war, especially Jacques Brissot, who was hugely responsible for Louis' deterioration in position and had been calling for Louis' trial since the Flight to Varennes. The Brissotists and Girondins gained a majority in the Assembly after Brissot outlined factors in support for the war, increasing the chances of anti-monarchist legislature being passed in the future, which would have severely impacted the King's position. This consensus corresponded with that of the sans-culottes - encouraged by Lafayette, who remained popular amongst the people. However Louis own failures at this time were at least partly responsible for the sharp rise in anti-monarchist feelings. Louis actions of dismissing his majority Girondin government and vetoing the laws proposed by the Assembly led to organised demonstrations from the Paris Sections, Cordeliers, National Guardsmen and Sans-Culottes. ...read more.

Conclusion

their attitude towards the King's trial and advised him to recall the previous Girondins ministers, who he had disbanded, to please the crowd. Louis rejection of this offer was most likely the final step before the near absolute anti-monarchist sentiment which took shape in August of 1792. This was impactful on his position as he lost all remaining support from the Parisians and failed to show any support for the revolution or war, giving the later governments grounds on which to classify him as a traitor. Overall, the King's own failures had a greater impact on his already deteriorating position: his rejection of the Girondins offers meant he effectively and unnecessarily provoked the demonstrators, while the outbreak of war, in which Louis' had no say, only continued ongoing beliefs and rumours. ...read more.

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