• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which of the following caused the most serious international tensions between 1929 and 1935 and consequently brought about the decline of the League of Nations?I) The Wall Street Crush 1929II) Japan's invasion of Manchuria 1931

Extracts from this document...


5/05/03 Essay writing ~ Which of the following caused the most serious international tensions between 1929 and 1935 and consequently brought about the decline of the League of Nations? I) The Wall Street Crush 1929 II) Japan's invasion of Manchuria 1931 III) Italy's invasion of Abyssinia 1935 Explain your answer fully referring to I, II and III. ~ Important international tensions were brought up during the end of 1920's and the 1930's. In the USA the great financial speculations and the crisis of over production brought the Wall Street Crash of 1929. This caused a depression which lead to economic problems throughout the world. The conflict caused later, in 1931, Japan's invasion to Manchuria because Japan was hardly affected by the protectionism imposed by the USA and the European countries. Japan wasn't punished hardly by the League and some years later, in 1935, Mussolini decided to invade Abyssinia in order to achieve glory and conquest, among other motives. ~ The Wall Street Crush took place in 1929 and brought about depression, causing economic conflicts throughout the countries in the world, which started having political problems at home. ...read more.


As a result, Japan invaded the Chinese region of Manchuria claiming that Chinese soldiers had sabotaged the south Manchurian railway. It is claim, that the causes are found of fallacy. China appealed to the League which hadn't the possibility of acting towards the aggressor as Japan was a leading member of it. The League of Nations took a long and frustrating delay and presented a report in it was said that Japan was wrong, so Manchuria should be returned to the Chinese. However, Japan decided to continue invading rather than to withdraw. It acted contradictory and this showed that the League was powerless. The excuses given by the League were the following: the only country it could imposed sanctions was the U.S. and it was not present in the League; Russia and the US were the only countries that could send and army against Japan but they were out of the League and the aggressor was far away. In conclusion to the League's acts, it hadn't enough power if a strong nation as Japan decided to pursue an aggressive policy and invade others. ...read more.


but as the plan was leaked to the press, it brought tension in Europe as it was showed that the League couldn't manage correctly of the situation. In addition, in May 1936 Mussolini invades the capital city and takes control of the whole country. Meanwhile, the League just watched and didn't punish Mussolini acts. The League's weakness is well shown in the case as it didn't chastise the Italian dictator because some of the permanent countries (France and Britain) needed Italy for the future so they didn't wanted to break relations with it. They only acted in their favour. The League's fail brought hard tension at the moment, as people couldn't place any longer there hopes on the organization. ~ As a conclusion, the Wall Street Crush, Japan's invasion of Manchuria in 1931 and Italy's invasion on Abyssinia in 1935 are all linked and they all caused serious international tensions. Probably, the Wall Street Crush is the main cause of the other two but however, Mussolini's acts toward Abyssinia and the few and unsuccessful work of the League in the case ended with the fail and the damage of prestige of the organization. Work by: Joaqu�n C. Benes ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the League of Nations fail?

    5 star(s)

    Britain did not have an army big enough, and France was more concerned with the construction of the Maginot line. The League had failed miserably, and was now reduced to three members with a significant hand in world affairs. Four years later, in 1935, Mussolini ordered the Italian invasion of Abyssinia1.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Was it the policies pursued by Henry VIII that caused "the mid-Tudor crisis"?

    4 star(s)

    plunging the country deep into debt, with a debased coinage, leading the English currency to be "regarded with suspicion". The huge financial gains from the dissolution of the monasteries were squandered and loans with high interest were taken from Antwerp.

  1. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    Abyssinia would be split up with Italy getting the fertile lands and a large area to the south would be reserved for Italian economic advancement. Neither Italy nor Abyssinia was involved in these "talks". These "talks" were then leaked to the press.

  2. How far do David Low’s cartoons show the reasons for the failure of the ...

    During the 1920's the League could be credited with some success in settling border disputes. Examples being, settling a dispute between Finland and Sweden over the �land Islands in 1921 and between Greece and Bulgaria over their mutual border in 1925.

  1. The failure of The League of Nations to prevent aggression in Manchuria and Abyssinia ...

    Britain made a pact, which gave Mussolini two thirds of Abyssinia. However, in 1937 Mussolini took the rest of Abyssinia and signed a pact with Hitler. The Leagues failure to prevent aggression in Manchuria and Abyssinia encouraged other dictators to invade other countries.

  2. Why did the League of Nations fail in the 1930s?

    Tensions increased after the failure of the Conference, and countries began to start to increase their weapons stockpiles at very fast rate. Because the representatives could not come to a decision about disarmament, the Conference failed. The majority were never serious about disarming anyway, and saw the Conference as a mere formality.

  1. Stalin had fully consolidated his dictorship by 1935."With referene to the years 1929 to ...

    Secondly: If Russia was economically strong, she could have the financial resources to produce more powerful armaments that could defend Russia from any possible attacks by the capitalist powers. Thirty: Industrialization put all of the national resources under the government and thus enabled the government to impose a stricter hold

  2. "The League of Nations representedno more than

    The Refugee commission worked to help refuges and was rather successful in doing so. The Refugee commission helped refuges get back on their feet after they a fled from the country by providing them with housing, food etc.... The commission also observed the worldwide flow of refugees.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work