• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which of the grievances of the Third Estates in France in 1789 were the most important?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Which of the grievances of the Third Estates in France in 1789 were the most important? In 1789 Louis XVI called for a meeting of the Estates-General pressured by social discontent and financial problems. The Estates-General had not met since 1614. This representative institution was divided among three groups: the First Estate, the Second Estate and the Third Estate. This last Estate ostensibly represented every one who did not enjoy of privileges. It consisted of the commoners. The Third Estate included the bourgeoisie and the peasants. On one hand, there were the bourgeoisie. They were the rich ones. They were rentiers, lawyers, financiers, doctors, shopkeepers, ship-owners, commercial traders, low ranking office holders, craft workers and small-scale manufacturers. On the other hand, there were the peasants. ...read more.

Middle

Being part of the Third Estate meant to be part of the unprivileged classes. Therefore, they were the ones who paid taxes. Although the bourgeoisie were mostly rich and were able to pay them, there also existed a number of poor bourgeoisie but, most importantly, the peasants who were not in the same financial situation as the first ones. Peasants were burdened by heavy taxation. They paid taxes to the king, to the church, taxes and dues to the lord of the manor, as well as numerous taxes on salt, bread and wine. Consequently, they claimed that there should be more financial equality. They claimed for the abolition of many taxes such as the corv�e and the taille. What is more, some members of the Second Estate, the cur�s, had more sympathy with the Third Estate and agreed with this point. ...read more.

Conclusion

"There was universal condemnation of absolute rule [...]". "...and to discuss a new constitution to safeguard the national interest". "The cahiers from each Estate favoured a new constitutional arrangement that would give an assembly powers to pass laws and to control taxation." Moreover, they sought for the abolitions of the lettres de cachet. They claimed fair trial as well as religious toleration. "Over two-third of nobles and the Third Estate agreed that lettres de cachet should be abolished." To sum up, the most important grievances of the Third Estate in 1789 concern to financial equality and inviolability of private possession, the establishment of a constitution where it would create an assembly which would control the king powers and the taxation system, and finally, the abolition of the letters de cachet that would lead to fair trials and religious toleration. ?? ?? ?? ?? Brenda Urquizo ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

The author has good knowledge of the subject area and writes well but the links to the question could be clearer in places and quotations could be used less heavily. 4 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 20/08/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How serious a threat did the Puritans pose to Elizabeth I and her Church?

    4 star(s)

    However, Keith Randell admits that 'Neale was undoubtedly correct in claiming that, in the 1570s and 1580s at least, a number of MPs worked very hard in an attempt to persuade their colleagues that the Church of England should be made more Protestant.'

  2. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was James I responsible for his financial problems?

    He needed these subsidies to fight wars. However he also, without the permission of parliament, used them to look after his family.

  1. Why did King Charles I Resort to Personal Rule in 1629?

    The Forced Loan had given Charles the money he needed to fight the war in 1626, but in 1628 it had run out and he needed more; half a million more. He therefore recalled Parliament, perhaps a mistake due to the backlash still in evidence after the Forced Loan and the Five Knights Case.

  2. Intertextuality in John Fowles' The French Lieutenant's Woman.

    natural selection contradicts the existential concepts that existence precedes essence and that individuals are capable of freely choosing one set of beliefs over another. Fowles demonstrates how individuals and the cultural species to which they belong shape one another in the process of cultural selection.

  1. How successfully did James deal with religious problems throughout his reign?

    in retaliation against the oppressive anti-catholic laws being applied by James I. The Roman Catholics were dissilusioned by James' failure to deliver toleration and with the treaty with Spain in 1604 were now deprived of the hope of any outside assistance.

  2. Why was the Death penalty abolished in the 1960s?

    These attitudes affected how MPs viewed the death penalty and by the 1960s most Conservatives and Britain's elite supported the abolitionist view. The increasing number of Mps adopting the abolitionist view meant that when Silverman, an influential individual in abolishing the death penalty, presented the Bill for the abolishment of

  1. How well did Pitt deal with the radical threat?

    working men along with their union trying to cause trouble for the government, hence why many saw this as a very good measure taken by Mr. Pitt. Other, maybe slightly less known acts were also implemented by Pitt to try and quash the threat of radicalism.

  2. Why did Pitt dominate politics 1783-93?

    going for 3 and a half years and the elections were usually held every 7 years, King George III argued that he could hold an election and that it wasn?t unconstitutional, there was no law saying he couldn?t. Pitt successfully achieved an overall majority in the March elections, having 315

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work