• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who do you think was the more important figure in Russian history, Lenin or Stalin? Explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

David Norton 5th Form History Coursework Russia 1905 - 1941 Who do you think was the more important figure in Russian history, Lenin or Stalin? Explain your answer. In 1928 Bukharin was for the New Economic Policy which Lenin had set up, however, Stalin was for the Five Year Plans. Stalin's aim was to modernise the USSR and to catch up, and even overtake, the West's industrial power. Heavy industry, such as iron, steel, coal and hydroelectric power producers, chemical industries, and transport, received lots of income from the government. There was mass regimentation of society. Wherever Stalin needed workers and labour he sent his workforce. In 1929, Stalin announced agriculture was to be collectivised. Stalin's plan was to make all 100 million peasants join collective farms but many peasants opposed his plans. ...read more.

Middle

The collective farms which peasants worked on were called Kolkhozes. On these farms, peasants grew crops and gave a certain amount to the state and the surplus was consumed or sold. Another collective farm was a Sovkhoz. These farms were under pressure to produce crops all year round, whatever the weather, and they got paid a certain amount of money for doing so. One of Stalin's favourite workers was a man called Stakhanov who was a giant miner who mined huge amounts of coal compared to other miners. Stalin used him in propaganda, as he wanted all the workers to be like Stakhanov. Soon Stalin had a new slogan: "Five in Four". What Stalin meant by this was that the Five Year Plans could be completed in four years. This is what Stalin hoped for. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, when Lenin set up the New Economic Policy he did not intend to keep it for long for he set up the GOSPLAN in 1921. This was the State Planning Department and Lenin meant for this to take over from the New Economic Policy when it was no longer needed. Also, Stalin considered all of his actions to be what Lenin wanted. Stalin always felt he was doing what Lenin wanted to do. It is hard to say who was the more important figure in Russian history because Lenin made all the plans for what he wanted for the country but Stalin carried out these plans and made Russia a better country. However, Stalin's paranoia got the better of him and led him to murder a large portion of his army in the Purges. I think Stalin was the more important figure as he improved Russia, even if it was under Lenin's plans. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Assess the economic, social and political consequences of the collectivisation of Russian agriculture in ...

    There were numerous problems that emerged in the Soviet Union at the time relating to collectivisation, and Stalin used the kulaks as a scapegoat, and accused them of causing all of the Soviet Union's economic and social issues, whilst also stating that they were responsible of sabotage and branded them as being anti-communist and therefore 'anti-Soviet Union'.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    to an outcry from a war weary Russian public and Milyukov's resignation. The Kadet party, to which Milyukov belonged, did not back him or this policy and swung around to the Soviet policy of "peace without annexations or contributions". After the April crisis there was an influx of socialists into

  1. Who Was More Important - Lenin Or Stalin?

    This democratic experiment had lasted less than 24 hours. Lenin simply believed that he was establishing a dictatorship of the proletariat, which in time would give way to true communism. Lenin created a new constituent assembly in Russia, while Stalin only created a new constituent. But, as the social revolutionaries were gaining a majority vote and gained most seats

  2. Russia and its Locomotive of History

    to increase supremacy as a Great Power and improve its position in the Balkans. However, when the Treaty of Berlin was determined in 1878, it could not cover up the fact that Russia had lost the war. The Russo-Turkish War had improved Alexander's II's foreign policy aims by allowing Russia

  1. Who do you think was the more important figure in Russian history, Lenin or ...

    Lenin was successful in establishing a form of Communism and Stalin did not, and would not have been able to do this. Lenin was also responsible for many of the bad things about the Communist rule. He introduced the idea of a secret police - he had his Cheka and Red Terror.

  2. Who was the more important figure in Russian history Lenin or Stalin?

    Stalin came to power after the death of Lenin. Communism was already formed but there was still need to keep communism strong throughout the country. Lenin had already formed Communism and made many political decisions and it was Stalin's job to keep this going and make Russia a stronger country.

  1. Who do you think was the more important figure in Russian history, Lenin or ...

    Stalin was the first to recognise the potential of bureaucratic power, while the other Bolshevik leaders still feared their revolution being betrayed by a military man. Lenin always opposed a one-man system, this is shown by his revolutionist ideas when freeing Russia from tsarist dictatorship, and was never hungry for more personal power (unlike Stalin).

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    Central planning was not very efficient, some of the goods produced were almost unusable because they had been turned out so quickly by untrained workers. In general collectivisation was a huge mistake. In order to prove that Stalin was too selfish and ambtitious, it is to say that he used force, terror and persuassion to achieve his proposals.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work