• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who do you think was the more important figure in Russian history, Lenin or Stalin? Explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

David Norton 5th Form History Coursework Russia 1905 - 1941 Who do you think was the more important figure in Russian history, Lenin or Stalin? Explain your answer. In 1928 Bukharin was for the New Economic Policy which Lenin had set up, however, Stalin was for the Five Year Plans. Stalin's aim was to modernise the USSR and to catch up, and even overtake, the West's industrial power. Heavy industry, such as iron, steel, coal and hydroelectric power producers, chemical industries, and transport, received lots of income from the government. There was mass regimentation of society. Wherever Stalin needed workers and labour he sent his workforce. In 1929, Stalin announced agriculture was to be collectivised. Stalin's plan was to make all 100 million peasants join collective farms but many peasants opposed his plans. ...read more.

Middle

The collective farms which peasants worked on were called Kolkhozes. On these farms, peasants grew crops and gave a certain amount to the state and the surplus was consumed or sold. Another collective farm was a Sovkhoz. These farms were under pressure to produce crops all year round, whatever the weather, and they got paid a certain amount of money for doing so. One of Stalin's favourite workers was a man called Stakhanov who was a giant miner who mined huge amounts of coal compared to other miners. Stalin used him in propaganda, as he wanted all the workers to be like Stakhanov. Soon Stalin had a new slogan: "Five in Four". What Stalin meant by this was that the Five Year Plans could be completed in four years. This is what Stalin hoped for. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, when Lenin set up the New Economic Policy he did not intend to keep it for long for he set up the GOSPLAN in 1921. This was the State Planning Department and Lenin meant for this to take over from the New Economic Policy when it was no longer needed. Also, Stalin considered all of his actions to be what Lenin wanted. Stalin always felt he was doing what Lenin wanted to do. It is hard to say who was the more important figure in Russian history because Lenin made all the plans for what he wanted for the country but Stalin carried out these plans and made Russia a better country. However, Stalin's paranoia got the better of him and led him to murder a large portion of his army in the Purges. I think Stalin was the more important figure as he improved Russia, even if it was under Lenin's plans. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Assess the economic, social and political consequences of the collectivisation of Russian agriculture in ...

    its own traditions and norms and the peasants of Turkmenistan made their views extremely clear they disagreed with the policy and engaged in protest methods such as passive resistance (Edgar 2004 p296). The political consequences of collectivisation is that the policy was used in order to spread communism to the

  2. Russia and its Locomotive of History

    to secure its place as a state among the Great Powers; but the economic difficulties of Russia were displayed before the war, and it seemed as if the views of many of Alexander II's people remained dubious that he had gained personal respect in world affairs by the end of it.

  1. Who Was More Important - Lenin Or Stalin?

    This meant that free elections were allowed to the new Constituent Assembly. However, when elections were held in 1917, and the Bolsheviks did not gain a majority, Lenin sent the Red Guards to close down the Assembly. This democratic experiment had lasted less than 24 hours.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    The most widely believed idea that has been expressed in many sources is that Stalin simply felt it necessary to eliminate all and any opposition to any of his policies and/or views on life. In the case of the peasants who became victims of what historians have described as a

  1. Who was the more important figure in Russian history Lenin or Stalin?

    Stalin came to power after the death of Lenin. Communism was already formed but there was still need to keep communism strong throughout the country. Lenin had already formed Communism and made many political decisions and it was Stalin's job to keep this going and make Russia a stronger country.

  2. Who do you think was the more important figure in Russian history, Lenin or ...

    Lenin was successful in establishing a form of Communism and Stalin did not, and would not have been able to do this. Lenin was also responsible for many of the bad things about the Communist rule. He introduced the idea of a secret police - he had his Cheka and Red Terror.

  1. Blitzkrieg coursework

    However the French defenses were much better equipped, despite their flawed defense plan, and may not have been breached so easily without the concentration of firepower. Though due to the flawed French defensive plan and other factors the Germans

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    them saw this as a motivation, and all carried out their taks efficiently and obediently. Without this Law workers would have had to suffer much more than some of them did,before this Law was introduced workers had a lot of economic problems and many workers and their respectives families died because they had no money to pay for food.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work