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Who gained the most from the Suez War (1956)? - Egypt or Israel?

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Introduction

Who gained the most from the Suez War (1956)? - Egypt or Israel? On the 29 October 1956, the Israeli Army invaded the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt and advanced towards the Suez Canal. The British and French supported this attack by bombing Egyptian airfields on the 31st October. Israel had started the war and her motives were simple, that is the Egyptians had blockaded the Straits of Tiran, Israel's trade route to Asia and Africa. Also, there had been persistent Fedayeen attacks on Israel and it was believed that Nasser, the Egyptian Prime Minister had encouraged these attacks. Lastly, with military support from the Soviets, Egypt was getting stronger and Israel feared that it would attack itself any time especially when geographically, it was in such a vulnerable position. ...read more.

Middle

The French were unsatisfied by the fact that Nasser had supported the Algerians to resist the French colonial rule. Therefore, they wanted to teach Nasser a lesson. Politically, we can see that the Israelis gained quite a lot, e.g. the Straits of Tiran were now unblocked and this meant respect and recognition gained internationally including the Arab countries which meant a suspension of the Fayedeen attacks on the Israeli borders. Also, the Israelis had gained weapons and land from the war despite UN's force-back later on. Finally, UN troops were sent to protect the borders of Israel and its trading ships in the Straits of Tiran. However, to Israel the Suez War wasn't a complete victory because 6,000 Jews died during the war and there weren't any peace treaties to solve the problem permanently. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lastly, the British and the French gained nothing because the UN and US weren't pleased with them and this caused them to be isolated internationally. The US were appalled at the use of force and threatened to suspend financial support to the British, which would affect the economy greatly. Also, they lost reputation internationally and all their property in the Arab World and even failed to regain the Suez Canal. Concluding, I think Israel gained the most because it gained what it intended it to get, the Straits of Tiran being the most important one. The Straits of Tiran would bring in a lot of money for the Israelis, making them a stronger state which would help in future battles with the Arabs. Hiu Yee CHUNG 11D ...read more.

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