• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who was more important in bringing about the end of Apartheid and minority rule in South Africa, Nelson Mandela or President De Klerk?

Extracts from this document...


Question 3. Who was more important in bringing about the end of Apartheid and minority rule in South Africa, Nelson Mandela or President De Klerk? In April 1994 Apartheid and minority rule in South Africa finally ended with the first fair democratic elections the country had known. The new president elected was the ANC leader Nelson Mandela. De Klerk who was the former president of South Africa became deputy President. Both these men had contributed to the ending of Apartheid and I will be examining the contribution of each man to determine who was more important in bring an end to Apartheid. Nelson Mandela had literally dedicated his whole life to ending Apartheid since he set foot in Johannesburg and recognised that the streets were full of White prosperity and Black poverty. Nelson Mandela joined the ANC national executive in 1949 and was elected president of the Youth League in 1950. Mandela organized peaceful protests and Defiance Campaigns of marches and meetings which raised the profile of the campaigns and ANC membership rose rapidly. 7000 members increased to 100.000 only in 1952 alone. After the events that took place at Sharpeville Mandela decided to start using violence to end Apartheid because he realized that there will be no action taken otherwise. The police opened fire on innocent people who were there for a peaceful protest so Mandela realized they had to do the same. ...read more.


At the end the government gave way to Mandela's point and so achieved true democracy. He also reassured the White people that he did not want to take revenge for apartheid or replace anti Black racism with anti White racism. "Tonight I am reaching out to every single South African, black and white, from the very depths of my being. A white man, full of prejudice and hate, came to our country and committed a deed so foul that our whole nation now teeters on the brink of disaster. A white woman, of Afrikaner origin, risked her life so that we may know, and bring to justice, this assassin. The cold-blooded murder of Chris Hani has sent shock waves throughout the country and the world. ...Now is the time for all South Africans to stand together against those who, from any quarter, wish to destroy what Chris Hani gave his life for - the freedom of all of us." Mandela did not think of the White Africans as wrong and he did not feel they should be punished. This made a lot White people support and believe in him too. Mandela achieved the constitutional settlement in November 1993; he then led ANC to victory in the elections on 27th April 1994. President De Klerk came to power in 1990 after ill health had forced him to resign and leave responsibility with President PW Botha. ...read more.


He was involved in as a major player in the struggle against apartheid for a much longer time than De Klerk. Mandela never gave up in what he believed even after he had been arrested. His strong personality gained him support worldwide and put him at the forefront of the ANC. He helped the ANC stay at the forefront of the struggle. Even while in prison his fame spread worldwide and his reputation made him a leading figure in the struggle against apartheid. When the pressure against Apartheid finally made De Klerk look for compromise, Mandela formed a bridge between the two sides. He was the only person whose fame and respect meant that both sides would listen to his views and make deals with him. Because of this he was a vital need in negotiations because his views were considered wisely. Many politicians could have done what De Klerk did but only Nelson Mandela with his immense fame, high reputation and stern determination could have kept the negotiations going. He was determined to get his way and he that is why he achieved full democracy. From the early days before Sharpeville until its final successful conclusion, Mandela was the most outstanding figure in the struggle against and the process of abolition of apartheid. If it was not for Mandela's determination apartheid may have token a very long time to be abolished or may not have even been abolished at all. History- The Apartheid state and the struggle against it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. South African Heritage - Where we come from?

    these mystery people were whereas many people would be against it as they will want the bones to be buried again in accordance to traditional beliefs. 2) What is significant about the title of the exhibition Miscast? The significance of the title 'Miscast' is that the Khoisan were cast off from the rest of society by the colonials.

  2. How Important Were The Policies Of Gorbachev In Bringing An End To The Cold ...

    Something had to be done. His first policy to try and rejuvenate the Soviet Union was the policy of Perestroika. This had the aim of reconstructuring the economy, involving a measure of private enterprises to promote production, efficiency and higher quality goods.

  1. The First English Civil War

    They drove the rebels from Cornwall, after which they raised a small force for general service and invaded Devonshire in November 1642. Subsequently, a Parliamentary army under the Earl of Stamford was withdrawn from South Wales to engage Hopton, who had to retire into Cornwall.

  2. what role did desmond tutu have in the role to end apartheid

    As protests increased "there was a split in black freedom movement." (samuel Willard Crompton 26) in the start the was only the African National Congress but was then split into a rival group, the Pan-Africanist Congress. In 1962 Tutu movedwith his entire family to London.(Samuel Willard Crompton 27)

  1. Free essay

    Medieval Europe and Africa Comparative

    Africa and Europe did have similar needs for gold. The abundant supply of gold in Mali attracted Europeans into Africa, therefore leaving European styles and culture in major cities, such as Timbuktu, and the Saharan town in Mali. The social structures of Africa contrasted with those of Europe because the

  2. To What Extent Was The South African War (1899 - 1902) A Capitalist War

    J.A Hobson further stated that 'No one, however, believes that any gold-field comparable, either in richness or in reliabileness, to the Rand is likely to be established in Rhodesia or elsewhere.' Such was the strength of the Witwatersrand goldfields that the independent state of the Transvaal went from having a

  1. Research Paper; The Important Scientific Discoveries of the Renaissance: Medicine

    be able to judge by touch that the nerves and ligaments and bones are of cold complexion, because these are very hot to the touch in a living animal." These perceptions of difficulties did not lead to the disapproval or any general misunderstanding of the complexion theory.xvi Peter the Venerable

  2. In the context of India in the 1840s to 1947, how far can independence ...

    Satyagraha,”[37] and when they were no longer seeing economic benefits from rule in India, was when it was time to leave. [3493 words] ________________ [1] BandyopÄdhyÄy, S. “From Plassey to Partition: A History of Modern India” Orient Longman (2004) [2] Brendon, P.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work